Darolutamide in Patients With Androgen Receptor-Positive Salivary Gland Carcinoma (DISCOVARY)

Overview

This study is an open-label phase 2 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Darolutamide monotherapy in patients with androgen receptor-positive salivary gland carcinoma. Moreover, this study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Darolutamide and Goserelin combination in patients with androgen receptor-positive salivary gland carcinoma.

Full Title of Study: “Phase II Study of Darolutamide (ODM-201) in Patients With Androgen Receptor-positive Salivary Gland Carcinoma (Discovary Study)”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: August 2024

Interventions

  • Drug: Darolutamide
    • Darolutamide at a dose of 600 mg (2 tablets of 300 mg) twice daily with food (equivalent to a daily dose of 1200 mg) will be administered orally.
  • Drug: Goserelin
    • Goserelin at a dose of 3.6 mg will be administered subcutaneously every 4 weeks.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Darolutamide monotherapy
    • Targeted patients: 24
  • Experimental: Darolutamide plus Goserelin
    • Targeted patients: 32

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Darolutamide monotherapy group: Objective response rate(ORR) assessed by investigators
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • The proportion of patients with confirmed tumor response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) per RECIST 1.1, as assessed by investigators
  • Darolutamide and Goserelin combination therapy group: Objective response rate(ORR) assessed by an Independent Review Committee
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • The proportion of patients with confirmed tumor response of CR or PR per RECIST 1.1, as assessed by an independent review committee

Secondary Measures

  • Duration of Response (DOR)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • DOR will be defined among responders from the date of initial documentation of a response (CR or PR) to the date of first documented evidence of progressive disease as defined in RECIST version 1.1 or death, whichever occurred first.
  • Best Overall Response (BOR)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • BOR will be defined as the best response recorded from the start of protocol treatment based on RECIST version 1.1
  • Disease Control Rate (DCR)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • DCR will be defined as the percentage of participants who achieved a confirmed best overall response of CR, PR, or SD for at least 6 weeks based on RECIST version 1.1.
  • Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • CBR will be defined as the percentage of participants who achieved a confirmed best overall response of CR, PR, or stable disease (SD) for at least 24 weeks based on RECIST version 1.1.
  • Clinical Benefit Duration (CBD)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • CBD will be defined the period starting from the date of enrollment (start of treatment) and ending on the earlier of the date of determination of progression, the date of death from any cause, or the end of the study period.
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • PFS will be defined as the time from the date of the initial dose of study intervention to the date of first documented disease progression as defined in the RECIST version 1.1, or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first.
  • Overall Survival (OS)
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • OS will be defined as the time from the date of the initial dose of study intervention to the date of the participant’s death
  • Adverse events
    • Time Frame: Up to 30 days after the last dose
    • All adverse events, adverse events with undeniable causal relationship to the investigational drug, severe adverse events (SAEs) and SAEs with undeniable causal relationship to the investigational drug will be evaluated based on CTCAE version 5.0
  • Quality of life (EQ-5D-5L)
    • Time Frame: Up to 30 days after the last dose
    • Quality of life will be evaluated during the study treatment by EuroQol 5 dimensions 5-level (EQ-5D-5L)
  • Darolutamide monotherapy group: ORR assessed by an Independent Review Committee
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • The proportion of patients with confirmed tumor response of CR or PR per RECIST 1.1, as assessed by an independent review committee
  • Darolutamide and Goserelin combination therapy group: ORR assessed by investigators
    • Time Frame: Up to 13 month
    • The proportion of patients with confirmed tumor response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) per RECIST 1.1, as assessed by investigators
  • Comparison of androgen receptor (AR) test results in Darolutamide and Goserelin combination therapy group
    • Time Frame: Baseline
    • Comparison of AR test results between each institutional and a central assessment
  • Positivity of Ki-67 in Darolutamide and Goserelin combination therapy group
    • Time Frame: Baseline
    • The proportion of patients who have high expression of Ki-67 by a central assessment

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

Darolutamide monotherapy group: 1. Signed, written informed consent. 2. Patients older than 20 years. 3. Histologically confirmed any salivary duct carcinoma (SDC), adenocarcinoma (AC)(NOS), or Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. 4. Patients with locally recurrent(unresectable) or metastatic salivary gland carcinoma who are not applied for surgery or radiation treatment. 5. Presence of measurable or evaluable disease according to RECIST v1.1 6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 7. Adequate organ or bone marrow function 8. Patients who agree to practice effective barrier contraception and refrain from sperm donation during the entire study treatment period and 3 months after the last dose of the study drug. Darolutamide and Goserelin combination therapy group: 1. Signed, written informed consent. 2. Patients older than 20 years. 3. Histologically confirmed as androgen receptor-positive salivary gland carcinoma at the medical institution. 4. Histologically confirmed as salivary gland carcinoma at the medical institution. 5. Patients with locally recurrent(unresectable) or metastatic salivary gland carcinoma who are not applied for surgery or radiation treatment. 6. Presence of measurable or evaluable disease according to RECIST v1.1 7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 8. Adequate organ or bone marrow function 9. Patients who agree to practice effective barrier contraception refrain from sperm donation and stop breastfeeding during the entire study treatment period and through 3 months after the last dose of the study drug. Exclusion Criteria:

Darolutamide monotherapy group: 1. Histologically confirmed as androgen receptor-negative salivary gland carcinoma at a central laboratory. 2. Prior treatment with AR inhibitors, CYP17 enzyme inhibitors, or LH-RH analogue. 3. Metastases in the brain/central nervous system (CNS). 4. Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding. 5. Synchronous or metachronous malignancies. 6. Participant has a known history of HIV infection. 7. A positive test result for any of the followings:

  • HBsAg positive – HBsAb positive and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA positive – HBcAb positive and HBV-DNA positive 8. Severe or uncontrolled concurrent heart disease or hypertension. 9. Inability to swallow oral medications. Darolutamide and Goserelin combination therapy group: 1. Prior treatment with AR inhibitors, CYP17 enzyme inhibitors, LH-RH analogue, Sex Hormones, or Gonadotropin 2. Prior treatment with Darolutamide or Goserelin. 3. Metastases in the brain/CNS. 4. Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding. 5. Synchronous or metachronous malignancies. 6. Participant has a known history of HIV infection. 7. A positive test result for any of the followings: – HBsAg positive – HBsAb positive and HBV-DNA positive – HBcAb positive and HBV-DNA positive 8. Severe or uncontrolled concurrent heart disease or hypertension. 9. Inability to administer Darolutamide or Goserelin.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 20 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • National Cancer Center Hospital East
  • Collaborator
    • Bayer Yakuhin, Ltd.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Makoto Tahara, Chief, Department of Head and Neck Medical Oncology – National Cancer Center Hospital East
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Makoto Tahara, MD, PhD, Study Director, National Cancer Center Hospital East
    • Naomi Kiyota, MD, PhD, Study Chair, Kobe University Hospital
    • Susumu Okano, MD, PhD, Study Chair, National Cancer Center Hospital East
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Yukako Horikoshi, +81-45-370-7994, yhori415@yokohama-cu.ac.jp

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