Know and Own Your Movement-related Metrics Via Wearable Devices


This study aims to promote daily physical activity in cancer survivors who are at high risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) by using a personalized biological-based feedback strategy. T2D is one of the most common co-occurring conditions in cancer survivors and can worsen cancer-related health outcomes, especially in those who are insufficiently active. The investigators hypothesize that seeing the immediate impacts of exercise on their biological status will motivate cancer survivors to exercise. The investigators will use real-time data from continuous glucose monitor to demonstrate the acute impact of physical activity and measure daily activity levels using wearable trackers. As wearable sensor technology is constantly advancing, this study is the first step to exploring how researchers can use wearable sensors to help people make a direct connection between their daily behaviors and health outcomes.

Full Title of Study: “Personalized Feedback of Wearable Biological Sensor Data to Promote Active Living in Cancer Survivors”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 1, 2024

Detailed Description

Physical activity plays an important role in energy balance and obesity, which is an independent risk factor for cancer recurrence and mortality. It has been estimated that cancer survivors who increased their physical activity from pre- to post-diagnosis by any level had a 39% risk reduction in total mortality. This study will use an innovative approach to motivate cancer survivors to adopt and maintain an active lifestyle and will explore a novel mediator (daily glucose pattern) of the association between physical activity and cancer-related biomarkers. This study will provide data regarding the preliminary efficacy of using biological feedback to increase physical activity and identifying daily glucose patterns that might link to cancer-related biomarkers. The overall goals for this study are: (1) to test the preliminary effect of a remotely delivered physical activity intervention that incorporates personalized biological-based feedback on daily physical activity levels, and (2) to explore the association between daily glucose patterns and cancer-related insulin pathway and inflammatory biomarkers in cancer survivors who are at high risk for type 2 diabetes.


  • Behavioral: Glucose-based biofeedback
    • Participants will wear a Fitbit activity tracker and receive personalized text messages over a 12-week period.
  • Behavioral: Standard feedback
    • Participants will wear a Fitbit activity tracker and receive non-personalized text messages over a 12-week period.
  • Device: Glucose monitoring
    • During the first 4 weeks of the study period, participants will also wear a continuous glucose monitor to check their glucose levels in real-time and receive text messages based on their activity and glucose data.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Biofeedback Group
  • Active Comparator: Standard Care Group

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Feasibility of delivering personalized glucose-based feedback
    • Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 3 months.
    • The intervention will be considered feasible if ≥ 80% of participants in the intervention group are adherent to the self-monitoring protocol and ≥ 80% of participants complete the post-intervention assessment.

Secondary Measures

  • Changes in daily physical activity level
    • Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 3 months.
    • A blinded accelerometry device will be used to measure physical activity before and after the intervention.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • be 18 years or older – have had a diagnosis of cancer – have completed curative-intended treatment for at least 3 months (except hormone therapy or long-term maintenance chemotherapy) – be at high-risk for type 2 diabetes based on the American Diabetes Association Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test – currently insufficiently active – capable of participating in moderate-vigorous intensity unsupervised exercise – have no current diagnosis or history of type 1 or 2 diabetes – able to speak, read, and write in English – have a smartphone with daily internet access Exclusion Criteria:

  • currently taking oral antidiabetic agents (OADs) – current treatment with any insulin regimen other than basal insulin, e.g. prandial or pre-mixed insulin – currently pregnant – on dialysis – have self-reported health issues that limit physical activity – work overnight shifts – unwilling to use the study devices – current participation in other exercise or weight loss-related program or intervention – currently on a low-carb diet – current use of other implanted medical devices such as pacemakers – do not have a smartphone that is compatible with the Fitbit and the LibreLink apps

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • The University of Texas at Arlington
  • Collaborator
    • American Institute for Cancer Research
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Yue Liao, MPH, PhD, Principal Investigator, University of Texas at Arlington
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Yue Liao, MPH, PhD, 18172728529,

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