Reliability and Validity of Urdu Version of Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire in Patients With Low Back Pain


Purpose of this Research is to convert Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire into Urdu language and check the accuracy and logic in Pakistani low back pain population. Also check its correlation with Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analogue Scale.

Full Title of Study: “Urdu Version of The Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire in Patients With Low Back Pain : Assessing Its Psychometric Properties and Cultural Adaptation.”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
  • Study Primary Completion Date: July 10, 2022

Detailed Description

The Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire will be translated into Urdu and culturally adapted for people with low back pain. Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire will be given to 80 people who will be chosen by using a convenient sampling method. Method of sampling based on pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria. To examine intra-observer reliability of the final Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire, two observers will fill out Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analogue Scale questionnaires on the same day to test inter-observer evaluation. After 30 minutes of the initial treatment, the second application will be applied. The first observer will do the third assessment after seven days. Statistical Package of Social Sciences Version 24 will be used to enter and analyse data. The alpha value of Cronbach's alpha will be examined.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire
    • Time Frame: 1st day
    • Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire consist of 24 point according to low back pain population in which patients tell about all Daily Activity . patients scores the questionnaire among 24 points. Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire is the highest result possible ’24’.
  • Oswestry Disability Index
    • Time Frame: 1st day
    • Oswestry Disability Index is an instrument or scale use for the evaluation of pain . this scale is especially designed for low back pain. Oswestry Disability Index consist of 10 section or 9 section divide the point out of 50 or 45 . if one section is not score then divided by 45 and get score of patient.after get score multiply with 100 to get percentage. 0 to 21% indicate minimal disability , 21 to 40 indicate moderate disability and 41 to 60 indicate severe disability. 61 to 80 indicate crippled.
  • Visual Analogue Scale
    • Time Frame: 1st day
    • Visual analog scale is a validated, subjective measure for acute and chronic pain. Scores are recorded by making a handwritten mark on a 10-cm line that represents a continuum between “no pain” and “worst pain”.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Average Age of patient 48 years. – Patient with chronic low back pain have at least 3 month duration . – Patient with mechanical Low Back Pain Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with non – mechanical Low Back Pain – Patient have neurological deficits .

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Riphah International University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Muhammad Kashif, Study Chair, Riphah International University
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Muhammad Kashif, +92418777210,

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