The Effect of the Brochure on Testicular Self-Exam


This study aims to examine the effect of the educational brochure given to university students on testicular cancer and its early diagnosis on their health beliefs and self-examination; In non-randomized groups, pretest-posttest was conducted in a quasi-experimental design with control group. The research was carried out with students studying in the psychological counseling and guidance department of a state university in Turkey. The study group consisted of 92 students, 48 of which were experimental and 44 were control. Only the experimental group was given an educational brochure about testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. Data; Personal information form, testicular cancer and health beliefs scale about testicular self-examination were collected with the form for self-examination. In the evaluation of the data; Mann Whitney U, Wilcoxon and chi-square analyzes were performed.

Full Title of Study: “The Effect of the Brochure Given to University Students on Testicular Cancer and Its Early Diagnosis on Health Beliefs and Testicular Self-Examination”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: July 20, 2020


  • Other: Education brochure
    • In the content of the brochure about testicular cancer and CCTM prepared in line with the literature; It includes information such as the definition of testicular cancer, testicular cancer risk factors and symptoms, the importance of early diagnosis in testicular cancer, how CCTM is performed, and what to do in case of differences after the examination. Expert opinion was obtained from three faculty members (a professor from the Department of Urology, a professor in Public Health Nursing and a physician faculty member) regarding the content validity of the educational brochure created before the research.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Experiment
    • Giving educational brochures about testicular cancer and Testicular Self-Examination to the students in the experimental group
  • No Intervention: Control
    • No intervention

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • rate of testicular self-exam
    • Time Frame: after 4 weeks
    • After the training brochure given to the students, they are expected to do testicular examination on their own.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • To study in the Department of Psychological Counseling and Guidance – Studying in 3rd and 4th grade Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any previous diagnosis of cancer – Having received previous training in Testicular Self Examination

Gender Eligibility: Male

testicular cancer is a type of cancer seen in men

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 35 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Selcuk University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: BUSRA ALTINEL, Principal Investigator dr – Selcuk University

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