A randomized controlled trial: Conservative treatments including physiotherapy and rehabilitation in the management of rotator cuff-related shoulder pain (RCRSP) are generally accepted as the first-line treatment approach, however, it is known that the disease-specific physiotherapy methods used by physiotherapists are highly variable. This may be caused by the insufficient knowledge of therapists about evidence-based interventions to RCRSP. The aim of this study is to develop the '' Rotator Cuff Related Shoulder Pain E-learning Program'' and evaluate its effect on students' knowledge and clinical reasoning skills related to evidence-based RCRSP interventions and their levels of confidence to have this knowledge compared with a control group.
Full Title of Study: “Randomized Controlled Trial of Online Education for Physiotherapy Students to Improve the Management of Rotator Cuff Related Shoulder Pain”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Other
- Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
- Study Primary Completion Date: May 20, 2022
Shoulder pain is one of society's most common musculoskeletal problems, with a prevalence defined between 16-26%. Almost 70% of shoulder pain complaints are caused by pathologies associated with the rotator cuff. Conservative treatments including physiotherapy are widely accepted as a first-line treatment approach in the management of shoulder pain and on the other hand, the variety of physiotherapy practice is conspicuous. Despite the majority of physiotherapists provide treatment in line with current evidence, passive modalities are still highly preferred by some physiotherapists. The gap between research evidence and practice could be slightly due to the lack of an up-to-date undergraduate physiotherapy curriculum about the RCRSP. Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop the '' Rotator Cuff Related Shoulder Pain E-learning Program'' and evaluate its effect on students' knowledge and clinical reasoning skills related to evidence-based RCRSP interventions and their levels of confidence to have this knowledge compared with a control group. A randomized controlled trial including 146 4th grade physiotherapy students will be conducted. Students will be randomized into an e-learning group (n=73) or wait-list control group (n=73). The primary outcome will be the RCRSP achievement test, and the secondary outcome will be the self-reported confidence in knowledge and clinical reasoning skills related to RCRSP. All data will be collected through an online survey, which will be applied in two different time periods: pre-intervention and post-intervention. All groups will first answer the questionnaire at the beginning (week 0) and after the study group's e-learning activity (4-5 weeks).
- Other: Rotator Cuff Related Shoulder Pain E-Learning Program
- The RCRSP e-learning program is designed according to the ADDIE Instructional Design Model in light of current literature.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Experimental: E-learning Group
- Participants will enroll in a 4-week e-learning program immediately after completing the pre-intervention assessment measures.
- Active Comparator: Wait-list Control Group
- Participants will enroll in a 4-week e-learning program, 4-5 weeks after completion of the pre-intervention assessment measures.
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Rotator cuff related shoulder pain achievement test
- Time Frame: Change from baseline test scores at 4 weeks
- The RCRSP achievement test is consistent with 18 question items with multiple choices. The mean difficulty and KR-20 reliability coefficient of the test were calculated 0.59 and 0.84, respectively.
- Self-reported confidence in knowledge and clinical reasoning skills related to rotator cuff related shoulder pain
- Time Frame: Change from baseline self-reported scores at 4 weeks
- The 3-item Questionnaire requires participants to rate their confidence in their knowledge and clinical skills related to RCRSP, using a 5-point Likert Scale (‘not at all confident’, ‘not very confident’, ‘somewhat confident’, ‘confident’ and ‘very confident’).
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- 4th grade physiotherapy students Exclusion Criteria:
- Students who are not currently enrolled in 4th grade
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: N/A
Maximum Age: N/A
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Lead Sponsor
- Marmara University
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Mine Gülden Polat, PhD., Study Chair, Marmara University
- Bahar Ayberk, PhD., Principal Investigator, Marmara University
- Overall Contact(s)
- Bahar Ayberk, MSc., 902167775700, email@example.com
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