Mechanisms of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Vein Wall Fibrosis

Overview

The goal of this study is to determine the safety and tolerability or efficacy of adjunctive treatments (including rosuvastatin 20 mg daily) in combination with standard anticoagulation therapy (Factor Xa inhibitors) in patients with lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The efficacy of adjunctive treatents to prevent the development of post thrombotic syndrome (PTS) after DVT will be evaluated.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 1, 2025

Detailed Description

Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a significant complication that occurs up to 75% of patients after DVT. Rosuvastatin is a HMGCoA reductase inhibitor that has anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we will evaluate the safety and tolerability of combination standard anticoagulation therapy (e.g. Factor Xa inhibitor, rivaroxaban, apixaban) and three months of 20 mg dose of rivaroxaban and its efficacy as prophylaxis against PTS after lower extremity DVT. After the diagnosis of lower extremity DVT with either duplex venous ultrasound or other imaging, study participants will initiate standard rivaroxaban therapy as per standard medical care. All consented participants in this trial will receive three months of rosuvastatin (20 mg daily dose). Assessment of post thrombotic syndrome follow up will continue for 365 days from the time of DVT diagnosis or until resolution or stabilization of any clinically significant drug related adverse event, after which they will be considered off-study.

Interventions

  • Drug: Rosuvastatin
    • Oral administration of 20 mg rosuvastatin for at least 3 months

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Rosuvastatin
    • Subjects will receive 20 mg daily dose of rosuvastatin for at least 3 months

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Post-thrombotic syndrome
    • Time Frame: 365 day
    • Incidence of post-thrombotic syndrome as measured by the Villalta Scale (score = or > 4)

Secondary Measures

  • Severity of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS)
    • Time Frame: 365 day
    • Villalta score severity of post-thrombotic syndrome

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Men and women – Diagnosis of a first episode of acute proximal leg DVT within 4 weeks of initial DVT diagnosis and without symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) – Must have ECOG performance status ≤ 2 – Expected life expectancy of >2 years – Before initiation of anticoagulation, must have adequate platelet count: Platelet count > 100 x 10^9/L, – Before initiation of anticoagulation, must have adequate hemoglobin (Hgb) count: Hgb > 9 mg/DL – Before initiation of anticoagulation, must have normal INR and PTT: INR ≤ 1.5 and aPTT≤40 Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial – History of prior DVT in the previous 2 years – Recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) – Established post thrombotic syndrome (PTS) – Limb-threatening circulatory compromise – Pulmonary embolism with hemodynamic compromise – Deranged baseline coagulation profile before initiation of anticoagulation: INR > 1.5 or aPTT prolonged >40 – Active bleeding within last 3 months – Anemia with Hemoglobin<9 mg/dL – Thrombocytopenia with platelets < 100,000/ml – Previously documented hypersensitivity to either the drug or excipients – Any contraindication to anticoagulation or allergy to factor V inhibitors or ferumoxytol – Any contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including metal implants or claustrophobia – Severe hepatic impairment as defined by Childs-Pugh Class B or C – Severe renal impairment with CrCl<30 ml/min, – Taking any P-GP or strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers – History of major bleeding including history of gastrointestinal bleeding or intracranial bleeding – Known history of bleeding diathesis – History of chronic atrial fibrillation or stroke – History of active cancer or malignancy within 1 year, – Life expectancy <2 years. – Patients requiring emergent or urgent surgery or procedures within the first 3 months of the study that cannot be postponed will be excluded. – Patients who are breastfeeding or anticipate pregnancy – Participant is pregnant or breastfeeding – Participant is a prisoner (protected population)

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 85 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Khanh Nguyen
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor-Investigator: Khanh Nguyen, Assistant Professor – Portland VA Medical Center
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Khanh P Nguyen, MD, Principal Investigator, Portland VA Medical Center
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Khanh P Nguyen, MD, 5034947145, nguykha@ohsu.edu

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