The Effect of Expressive Touch and Music Applied After Lumbar Disc Hernia Surgery.

Overview

Patients undergoing lumbar hernia surgery will be divided into expressive touch, music and control groups. Pre-test and post-test pain levels, vital signs, and NIRS values of the patients will be measured.

Full Title of Study: “The Effect of Expressive Touch and Music Applied After Lumbar Disc Hernia Surgery on Pain, Vital Signs, and Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Values.”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 1, 2021

Interventions

  • Other: Ekspressive touch
    • Patients will be divided into three groups. The expressive touch group will touch the patient’s hand. The music chosen by the patient will be played in the music group.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: The Effect of Expressive Touch and Music Applied After Lumbar Disc Herniation Surgery

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • expressive touch affects pain.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch, pain value will be measured by the verbal pain scale. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects pain.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch, pain value will be measured by the verbal pain scale. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects pain.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of music. the verbal pain scale will be measured pain value. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects pain.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of music. the verbal pain scale will be measured pain value. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch affects heart rate.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. Pulse value will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects heart rate.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. Pulse value will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects heart rate.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of music. Pulse value will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects heart rate.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of music. Pulse value will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch affects blood pressure.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. blood pressure will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects blood pressure.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. blood pressure will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects blood pressure.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of music. blood pressure will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects blood pressure.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of music. blood pressure will be measured with a digital sphygmomanometer. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch affects number of breaths per minute.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. The number of breaths per minute will be measured manually by holding the time by the researcher. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects number of breaths per minute.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. The number of breaths per minute will be measured manually by holding the time by the researcher. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects number of breaths per minute.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of music. The number of breaths per minute will be measured manually by holding the time by the researcher. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects number of breaths per minute.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of music. The number of breaths per minute will be measured manually by holding the time by the researcher. The initiative will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch affects heat.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. Body temperature will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects heat.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. Body temperature will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects heat.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of music. Body temperature will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects heat.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of music. Body temperature will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch affects Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) value.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. NIRS value will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) value.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. NIRS value will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) value.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. NIRS value will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) value.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. NIRS value will be measured by a digital measuring device. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch affects oxygen saturation.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of expressive touch. Oxygen saturation will be measured by pulse oximetry. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • expressive touch doesn’t affects oxygen saturation.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of expressive touch. Oxygen saturation will be measured by pulse oximetry. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music affects oxygen saturation.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient relaxes as a result of music. Oxygen saturation will be measured by pulse oximetry. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.
  • music doesn’t affects oxygen saturation.
    • Time Frame: 30 minute
    • the patient doesn’t relaxes as a result of music. Oxygen saturation will be measured by pulse oximetry. The attempt will be evaluated 3 times. 44 patients will be measured in the touch group.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Agreeing to participate in the research, – General anesthesia applied, – Patients with the same type of treatment protocol, – Verbal pain score with at least 4, – Patients with a Ramsay sedation Scale score of 3 and below, – Without a chronic disease, – Without a disease (AVM, blockage of brain vessels, etc.) that will affect brain oxygenation, – Who has not been diagnosed with any psychiatric illness – No hearing and perception problems, – No loss of sensation in upper extremity according to light touch test, – Any complications after surgery are undeveloped Exclusion Criteria:

  • Do not meet the inclusion criteria, – Interrupting the research, – Patients with incomplete answers to questions

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • İnonu University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Neslihan SÖYLEMEZ, research assistant – İnonu University
  • Overall Official(s)
    • meral özkan, PhD, Principal Investigator, Inonu University
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • neslihan söylemez, +90(422) 341-1338, neslihan.soylemez@inonu.edu.tr

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