Comparison of 1 Liter PEG With Ascorbate and Sodium Picosulfate / Magnesium Citrate for High Quality Colon Cleansing

Overview

Background: Colorectal cancer is the most frequent neoplasm and the second cause of cancer death in Spain. Colon cleansing is critical for visualization of lesions at colonoscopy. High-quality cleansing allows for correct detection and resection of all lesions and may contribute to adequate risk stratification and follow-up interval. Low-volume laxatives improve tolerance of the colonoscopy preparation without reducing its effectiveness. Currently, the most widely used low-volume laxatives are one liter of Polyethylene glycol + ascorbate (PEG1A) and sodium picosulfate + magnesium citrate (PSCM). The evidence on the comparison of laxatives to achieve a high-quality colonic cleansing is very scarce. Hypothesis: Polyethylene glycol 1 liter with ascorbate is superior to sodium picosulfate and magnesium citrate in high-quality colon cleansing. Objective: Overall objective: To compare the global high-quality cleansing frequency between the two laxatives using the Harefield Scale (HS). The primary objective is to demonstrate non-inferiority in global high-quality cleansing of PEG1A compared to PSCM. If non-inferiority is demonstrated, superiority of PEG1A will be analyzed. Specific objectives: – Frequency of global high-quality cleansing using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). – Frequency of adequate-quality cleansing using the HS and BBPS scales. – Tolerance and adverse effects of both laxatives. – Detection of lesions, total adenomas, advanced adenomas, total serrated lesions, advanced serrated lesions and colorectal cancer. – Detection of neoplastic lesions in the different colon segments (proximal, transverse, descending, sigmoid and rectum). – Association between detected lesions and the quality of the preparation, according to the HS and BBPS scales. Methods: Phase 4, multi-centric, randomized, single-blind (endoscopist), parallel study with two treatment arms: PEG1A (Pleinvue®) and PSCM (Citrafleet®).

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: May 2021

Detailed Description

This study will be performed in 1104 patients with a scheduled colonoscopy for any indication, who need a bowel preparation for the colonoscopy. Subjects will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups with a 1:1 allocation using block sizes of 6 cases in each center. The treatment assignment will be open to the participant and the physician. The investigator who performs the colonoscopy and assesses the primary outcome (digestive endoscopist) will be blinded. In both treatment groups, participants will receive instructions about colonoscopy preparation. Laxative treatment (PEG1A/PSCM) will be administered in two doses, at 9 pm on the day before intervention and 5 hours before colonoscopy, on an outpatient basis. The day of the colonoscopy appointment will be the final visit of the study. The participant will be asked through a questionnaire about adherence to instructions, tolerance and acceptability to the preparation, and the appearance of side effects. No follow-up period is considered after intervention.

Interventions

  • Drug: Polyethylene glycol + ascorbate
    • Pleinvue® is administered orally in 2 doses (3 sachets) as per SmPC within the previous 18 hours to colonoscopy intervention. First dose is administered at 9 pm on the day before intervention (sachet 1: MACROGOL 3350 100 g + SODIUM SULFATE ANHYDROUS 9 g + SODIUM CHLORIDE 2 g + POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 1 g). Second dose is administered 5 hours before intervention and it is composed by 2 sachets (sachet A: MACROGOL 3350 40 g + SODIUM CHLORIDE 3,2 g + POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 1,2 g; sachet B: SODIUM ASCORBATE 48,11 g + ASCORBIC ACID 7,54 g).
  • Drug: Sodium picosulfate + magnesium citrate
    • Citrafleet® is administered orally in 2 doses (2 sachets) as per SmPC within the previous 18 hours to colonoscopy intervention. First dose (sachet 1) is administered at 9 pm on the day before intervention. Second dose (sachet 2) is administered 5 hours before intervention. Sachets 1 and 2 have the same composition: SODIUM PICOSULFATE 10 mg + MAGNESIUM OXIDE 3,5 g + CITRIC ACID 10,97 g.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Pleinvue
    • Subjects receive polyethylene glycol + ascorbate (PEG1A) as laxative treatment for colonoscopy preparation.
  • Experimental: Citrafleet
    • Subjects receive sodium picosulfate + magnesium citrate (PSCM) as laxative treatment for colonoscopy preparation.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • High quality of entire colon cleansing according to the HS
    • Time Frame: At the time of colonoscopy
    • High quality cleansing in the entire colon (global) according to the HS, which is defined as all segments with a score of 3 or 4 points.

Secondary Measures

  • High quality of segmental colon cleansing according to the HS
    • Time Frame: At the time of colonoscopy
    • High quality cleansing in each segment of colon (segmental) according to the HS, which is defined as a score of 3 or 4 points.
  • Successful global and segmental colon cleansing according to the HS
    • Time Frame: At the time of colonoscopy
    • Successful cleansing at a global and segmental level according to the HS, which is defined as a segmental score >=2 points, and at a global level, as all segments with a score of >=2 points.
  • High quality and adequate quality of global and segmental colon cleansing according to the BBPS
    • Time Frame: At the time of colonoscopy
    • High quality cleansing at a segmental level according to the BBPS, which is defined as a score of 3 points, and at a global level, defined as all segments with a score of 3 points. Adequate cleansing at segmental level according to the BBPS, which is defined as a segment with a score >=2 points, and at global level, defined as all segments with a score of >=2 points.
  • Demographic variables
    • Time Frame: At the screening visit
    • Collected through an anamnesis in a structured interview at the beginning of the study.
  • Variables associated with inadequate colon cleansing
    • Time Frame: At the screening visit
    • Collected through an anamnesis in a structured interview at the beginning of the study.
  • Variables associated with neoplastic lesions
    • Time Frame: At the screening visit
    • Collected through an anamnesis in a structured interview at the beginning of the study.
  • Adherence to colonoscopy preparation instructions
    • Time Frame: Before the colonoscopy
    • Collected according to a validated questionnaire before the colonoscopy.
  • Tolerance and acceptability of the colonoscopy preparation
    • Time Frame: Before the colonoscopy
    • Collected according to a validated questionnaire before the colonoscopy.
  • Variables on the lesions detected in the colonoscopy
    • Time Frame: At the time of colonoscopy
    • Collected through the colonoscopy report and the anatomopathological analysis of the lesions.
  • Safety variables
    • Time Frame: Before the colonoscopy
    • The adverse effects of the laxatives administered will be collected before the colonoscopy.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Outpatients with previously scheduled colonoscopy with any indication: screening, follow-up, or symptoms. Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 18 years or more than 85 years – Hospital admission at the time of colonoscopy – Partial or total colectomy – Severe constipation – Active inflammatory bowel disease – Severe kidney or liver failure – Pregnancy or lactation – Inability to understand the instructions by language barrier or cognitive disorder – Refusal to participate in the study.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 85 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Parc de Salut Mar
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Marco Antonio Alvarez González, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Hospital del Mar (Barcelona, Spain)
    • Eduardo Albéniz, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra (Pamplona, Spain)
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Marco Antonio Alvarez González, MD, PhD, +34932483057, MAAlvarez@parcdesalutmar.cat

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