KArukera Study of Aging in Nursing Homes

Overview

Nursing homes are a recent occurrence in Guadeloupe, and little is known about the characteristics of their residents. In Guadeloupe, in the French West Indies, nearly 1200 dependent older people are cared for in nursing homes. The aim of the KArukera Study of Aging in Nursing Homes (KASEHPAD) is to study the care pathways of dependent elderly people in nursing homes in Guadeloupe over a year. The main objective will be to obtain the annual rate of hospitalisation in this setting. The secondary objectives will be to assess hospitalisations costs, the incidence of mortality, the prevalence of geriatric syndromes, as well as the quality of life of residents and professional caregiver burnout. Ultimately, these results will be compared to a similar study in nursing homes, the KASAF study (for Karukera Study of Aging in Foster Families).

Full Title of Study: “Prospective Cohort Study of the Care Pathway for Elderly People in Care in Nursing Homes in Guadeloupe”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Prospective
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 21, 2021

Detailed Description

hile not fully integrated in the Caribbean culture, nursing homes may well become a necessity, and their number is growing. For example, there are now 6 nursing homes in Jamaica, and since the first one in 1991, 20 more have opened in Guadeloupe. Being admitted in a nursing home may be beneficial for the residents as well as for their families since it offers around-the-clock medical care and a secure living environment. On the other hand, living in a nursing home also tend to alter the medical and psychological state of the resident. Little is known about the characteristics of nursing home residents in Guadeloupe. Epidemiological and medico-economic data on older people in nursing homes are essential to assess the relevance of this type of care, and several and yet unanswered questions come to mind: what is the residents' annual hospitalization rate and the associated costs? What is the prevalence of geriatric syndromes in this population, and the incidence of mortality? What is the incidence of pneumonia, the leading cause of death and emergency hospitalization in older people? What is the quality of life of the older residents and their professional caregivers? KASEHPAD, an epidemiological cohort, aims to answer these questions. This longitudinal study will assess the health status and medical and economic data of 500 nursing home residents and their professional caregivers over a year. A similar study (KASAF, for Karukera Study of Aging in Foster Families) will be conducted simultaneously among 250 older people in foster families, as to compare these two types of care.

The main outcome is the number of hospitalizations over a year. Local PMSI (Medicalization program of the information system) hospitals databases will provide information on hospital admissions.

500 people aged 60 and older and living in nursing homes in Guadeloupe will be included. Data collection will be conducted using face-to-face interviews with the participants and their professional caregivers at baseline and after 6 and 12 months, and phone interviews with the professional caregivers, after 3 and 9 months. Anthropometric measures, information on general health status and care pathways (hospitalization, medical and paramedical consultations), as well as data on medical history, cognition, nutritional status, and physical frailty will also be collected. Depressive and anxiety symptoms will also be assessed along with functional abilities (mobility, instrumental activities of daily living and activities of daily living). A systematic update of vital status (death) and care pathway will be carried out at each follow-up. Additional information on the residents' living status and potential hospitalizations will be collected after 3 and 9 months. Finally, professional caregivers will be interviewed at inclusion, after 6 months and after a year to assess their own quality of life and burnout symptoms.

This study was supported by a grant from the Agence Régionale de Santé de la Guadeloupe.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Hospitalization rate of the participant
    • Time Frame: 12 months
    • Number of hospital admissions over a year, retrieved from the local PMSI (Medicalization program of the information system) of the Hospital Center of Guadeloupe

Secondary Measures

  • Length of hospital stays of the participant
    • Time Frame: 12 months
    • Length of hospital stays expressed as number of days and nights, retrieved from the local PMSI (Medicalization program of the information system) of the Hospital Center of Guadeloupe

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • participant must be over 60 years old
  • residents must live in a nursing home in Guadeloupe, Saint-Martin or Saint-Barthelemy
  • residents must benefit from the French social security
  • Participant must have an identified support person
  • Participant under guardianship or curatorship if accepted by the legal guardian
  • Participant in a foreseeable short-term end-of-life situation if accepted by the legal representative or the support person

Exclusion Criteria

  • refusal from the resident or his legal guardian to participate in the study

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 60 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-a-Pitre
  • Collaborator
    • Agence Régionale de Santé de la Guadeloupe
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Maturin MT TABUE-TEGUO, MD MhD, Principal Investigator, CHU de la Guadeloupe
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Roxane RV VILLENEUVE, Ph. D, +590690403039, roxane.villeneuve@chu-guadeloupe.fr

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