ANRS 12392 Sanu Gundo

Overview

Sanu Gundo ANRS 12392 is a non-randomized and non-comparative intervention trial in Mali. The main objective of the project is to study the feasibility of the community-based HIV care in the context of the artisanal gold mining zones and to evaluate its contribution to the linkage-to-care of PLWHIV with the health system and their retention in care, as well as its effect on their health status.

Full Title of Study: “Sanu Gundo (jòli sègèsègèli – furakèli – jàntoli): Survey on the Feasibility of the Community-based HIV Care, and Its Impact on Access and Retention in Care in Artisanal Gold Mining Zones in Mali”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
    • Masking: Single (Participant)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: March 28, 2022

Detailed Description

Convergence of key-populations in the informal gold mining zones suggests the important exposure to HIV contamination of people living in these zones. The pilot project Sanu Gundo showed a prevalence of 8% in the site of Kokoyo, much higher than the 1.1% national prevalence. The large rates of HIV patients lost to followup underline the difficulties experienced by the health system. Introducing a community-based HIV care offer in proximity to people in the informal gold mining zones could contribute to the improvement not only of access to HIV prevention and testing, but also to the access and retention in care. Sanu Gundo ANRS 12392 is a non-randomized and non-comparative intervention trial. Community-based activities conducted by ARCAD Santé PLUS (during 5 months) including HIV testing will contribute to the construction of both a control and intervention groups. These groups will be formed by people tested positive to HIV during the community-based activities conducted by ARCAD Santé PLUS in two artisanal gold mining sites. The control group will include 129 participants positive to HIV in Diassa (Sikasso region), and the intervention group will include 136 participants positive to HIV in Kofoulatiè (Koulikoro region). The intervention consists local community-based activities for HIV care provided by ARCAD Santé PLUS for people living in Kofoulatiè (intervention group), whereas people living in Diassa (control group) will be referred to the Referral Health Centers (CSRéf) as recommended by the national guidelines. The total number of 265 participants diagnosed positive to HIV enrolled in the study corresponds (at least) to the HIV prevalence of 3% observed during the first two months of participants enrolment (November 2020 to January 2021). Accounting for survey attrition, refusal of the community-based HIV care and non-inclusion criteria, it is expected that 172 participants (86 per group) will be followed-up during the whole duration of the study. This corresponds to the number of participants required to verify the primary endpoint of the study: a better retention rate in healthcare 12 months after of HIV diagnosis for people receiving community-based care by ARCAD Santé PLUS. A quantitative survey will be conducted with the administration of questionnaires at different point-times during the follow-up for HIV care: M1 (first contact with the healthcare system and linkage-to-care), M3 (linkage-to-care and initiation of ARV treatment), M6, M9 and M12 (medical follow-up and retention in care). Blood samples will be collected using Dried Blood Spot testing (DBS) at enrolment, M6 and M12. Furthermore, data will be collected about the characteristics of the healthcare centers around the artisanal gold mining sites (i.e. healthcare supply) and the costs of community-based HIV care. The results will overcome the lack of epidemiological data about HIV in the informal gold mining zones, about the way in which PLWH are linked-to-care, and about the extent of the PLWH loss to follow-up. The results will also allow both testing the feasibility of the implementation of proximity community-based services for HIV care in the informal gold mining zones, and evaluating their contribution to retention of PLWH in care. The success of this project could allow extending the proposed strategy to other informal gold mining zones in Mali.

Interventions

  • Other: Local community-based HIV care
    • Compared to the classic HIV care, community-based HIV care includes: Individual interviews with a psychosocial agent; Support groups conducted by psychosocial agents; Culinary workshops gathering PLWHIV and healthcare professionals; Home visits by a community worker; Emergency relief based on a funding for patients with urgent needs As in the classic HIV care, ARCAD Santé PLUS provides consultations with doctors, prescriptions and delivery of antiretroviral (ARV) treatment every 3 months, biological analyses for enrolment, and follow-up every 6 months. In addition, psychosocial agents from ARCAD Santé PLUS propose workshops on education and support for adherence to treatment.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • No Intervention: Classic HIV care
    • Participants diangosed HIV positive at the time of the community-based activities conducted by ARCAD Santé PLUS. They will be referred to the referral centers (CSRéf) for the classic HIV care in the Malian public health system.
  • Other: Community-based HIV care
    • Participants diagnosed HIV positive at the time of the community-based activities by ARCAD Santé PLUS. They will receive community-based HIV care by the NGO at the gold-mining site.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Lost to follow-up rate 12 months after the HIV diagnosis
    • Time Frame: 12 months after HIV diagnosis (M12)
    • It was defined on the basis of existing data: 1) lost to follow-up rate in HIV care at the national level in Mali (32% in 2019); 2) lost to follow-up rate in the HIV care of ARCAD Santé PLUS in urban areas (12% in 2019). The primary endpoint is : the lost to follow-up rate in the community-based HIV care 12 months after diagnosis is (at least) 20 percentage points lower than the lost to follow-up rate in the classic HIV care.

Secondary Measures

  • Extent of the HIV epidemic in the artisanal gold-mining sites
    • Time Frame: At enrolment (M0)
    • This outcome provides the prevalence of the HIV epidemic among people living/working in the artisanal gold-mining sites: number of HIV positive tests as percentage of the total number of people living/working in the sites
  • Comparing linkage-to-care and retention between classic and community-based HIV care
    • Time Frame: 1 month after HIV diagnosis (M1) and 12 months after HIV diagnosis (M12)
    • For linkage-to-care: Percentage of people living with HIV starting a treatment 1 month and 3 months after diagnosis Percentage of people living with HIV with available blood tests (CD4 count, Viral load, etc) at the beginning of ARV treatment For retention in care: % of people living with HIV present for HIV care visits at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after diagnosis
  • Comparing the impact of classic and community-based HIV care on virological succes, behavioral and psychosocial outcomes
    • Time Frame: From enrolment (M0) to 12 months after HIV diagnosis (M12)
    • CD4 count and viral load at the time of diagnosis (M0) and its evolution 6 and 12 months later (M6 and M12) Self-perception of health status, sexual behavior indicators at M1 and evolution at M12: number of partners, number of sexual intercourses, etc.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • To live and/or to work in the sites of Kofoulatiè or Diassa (Mali) – To be diagnosed positive to HIV by ARCAD Santé PLUS (screening and enrolment tests positive) – To be 18 years or older – To speak one of the most common languages (Bambara, French or English) and to be able of providing informed consent In addition, to be included in the intervention group, people living with HIV in the Kofoulatiè site must accept the community-based HIV care provided by ARCAD Santé PLUS Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women pregnant at the time of the HIV screening test by ARCAD Santé PLUS, or needing ultrasound to confirm pregnancy – People with discordant screening and enrolment tests – People inebriated or under the influence of drugs at enrolment – Adults not able to understand and/or to provide informed consent

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • ANRS, Emerging Infectious Diseases
  • Collaborator
    • UMR 1252 SESSTIM
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Luis Sagaon Teyssier, PhD, Principal Investigator, UMR1252 SESSTIM (INSERM, IRD, Aix Marseille Université)
    • Bintou Dembélé Keïta, MD, Principal Investigator, ARCAD Santé PLUS
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Luis Sagaon Teyssier, PhD, +223 94 00 45 63, luis.sagaon-teyssier@inserm.fr

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