Electrical Vestibular Stimulation (VeNS) in the Management of Parkinson’s Disease

Overview

Parkinson's disease burdens an increasing number of elderly populations in the country.

Parkinson disease is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disorder, affects approximately

1% of the population by the age of 65 years and 4% to 5% of the population by the age of 85 years. Mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease leads to Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) for which currently there is no drug therapy. The existing treatments for PD were associated with side effects and does not offer complete cure. Hence there is a need of alternative therapy which can prevent or delay the onset of PD with less or no side effects. Vestibular stimulation is known to modulate cognitive processing, enhance learning and spatial memory.

Vestibular dysfunction is present in PD patients. So long term vestibular stimulation may be effective in enhancing cognition by reducing the cognitive, neurodegenerative, neuroinflammatory changes and behavioral deficits observed as predictors of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's disease Dementia. In this project, the plan is to administer electric vestibular nerve stimulation to PD patients which might be effective and ideal treatment with minimum or no side effects in the management of Parkinson's disease.

Full Title of Study: “Electrical Vestibular Stimulation(VeNS) in the Management of Parkinson’s Disease”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: February 1, 2021

Interventions

  • Device: VeNS device
    • VeNS treatment
  • Device: Sham VeNS device
    • Sham treatment of VeNS

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Active
  • Sham Comparator: Sham

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Unified Parkinson’s disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • The UPDRS has been the most used Parkinsons disease scale. It is a 42 item questionnaire grouped into four subscales. A score of 199 on the UPDRS scale represents the worst (total disability) with a score of zero representing (no disability).

Secondary Measures

  • Berg Balance Scale (BBS)
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • The 14 item scale is scored by the assessor. Postural stability will be assessed using the Berg balance scale. It assesses the ability of the individual to balance during a series of pre-determined tasks safely. he BBS is a qualitative measure that assesses balance via performing functional activities such as reaching, bending, transferring, and standing that incorporates most components of postural control: sitting and transferring safely between chairs; standing with feet apart, feet together, in single-leg stance, and feet in the tandem Romberg position with eyes open or closed; reaching and stooping down to pick something off the floor. Each item is scored along a 5-point scale, ranging from 0 to 4, each grade with well established criteria. Zero indicates the lowest level of function and 4 the highest level of function. The total score ranges from 0 to 56.
  • Range of motion (ROM)
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • Range of motion is the available amount of movement of a joint. ROM will be obtained using a universal goniometer and standard protocol.
  • Muscle Strength
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • Muscle strength will be measured using the Micro FET 2 hand held dynamometer.
  • Assessment of hand-eye coordination
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • 100 pin dexterity test will be performed to assess the speed of coordinated movements. The test requires smooth plastic pad containing fine pierceable100 holes in it and 100 push pins. This set is provided to each participant and is assigned with a task to pin all 100 push pins to the pad. The time required to complete the task will be recorded using a stopwatch. The value will be expressed in seconds.
  • Assessment of spatial memory
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • 20 power point slides presentation will be prepared and projected using a liquid crystal display (LCD) on the screen. Each slide consists of a simple line diagram which is easy to reproduce. Diagrams which could be verbally described like a square, circle, rectangle and pyramid will not included for testing. After showing all the 20 slides, a mathematical problem (e.g., 8-7+3-2+16+12-1+7) will be projected on the screen and asked to solve the problem. Later the participants will be asked to re-call all the 20 slides projected and draw on a paper within a minute. The correct answer are given a score as” 1″, and an incorrect answer will be scored as” 0″. Different sets of drawings will be used during pre and post assessments
  • Assessment of verbal memory
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • 20 power point slides will be prepared and projected using liquid crystal display (LCD) on the screen. Each slide consists of a three letter word like for example ZOL. After showing all the 20 slides, a mathematical problem (e.g., 9-4+3- 1+22+14-1+3) will be projected on the screen and asked to solve the problem. Later the participants are asked to recall all the 20 slides projected and recollect and present the same on a paper within a minute. The correct answer will be given a score as” 1″, and an incorrect answer is scored as” 0″. Different sets of drawings will be used during pre and post assessments.
  • Auditory and visual reaction time
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • Reaction time (RT) apparatus used in the study to record auditory and visual RT was purchased from Anand Agencies, Pune. The RT apparatus presents two auditory (high and low pitch sounds) and two visual stimuli (red and green light).
  • Estimation of dopamine
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • Dopamine levels will be assessed using General Dopamine (DA) ELISA Kit.
  • Estimation of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • GABA ELISA Kit will be used to estimate GABA levels
  • Assessment of quality of life
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHO-QOL BREF) instrument is a self-administered questionnaire which consists of 26 questions to assess four domains that is physical health, psychological status, social relationships and environment. Domain scores are scaled in a positive direction (i.e. higher scores denote higher quality of life). The mean score of items within each domain is used to calculate the domain score. Mean scores are then multiplied by 4 in order to make domain scores comparable.
  • Flexibility
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • Flexibility is the ability of soft tissue structures, such as muscle, tendon, and connective tissue, to elongate through the available range of joint motion. Flexibility measurements will be obtained using a universal goniometer and standard protocol.
  • Assessment of radiological images
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • MRIs of the cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum, thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system and glial cells will be used to assess neurological changes through radiological image data
  • Assessment of neuronal loss
    • Time Frame: 12 weeks
    • Diameter, area, volume, myelin disruption, gliosis ad=nd connectivity of the neuron will be measured to assess neuronal loss

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Fulfilled the Hoehn & Yahr Classification of Disability 79,80 stage 1-2
  • Ambulate with or without an assistive device for at least 50 feet
  • Were able to get up and down from the floor with minimal assistance or less and
  • Score of 24 or above on the Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam

Exclusion Criteria

  • Decline in immune function such as pneumonia or systemic infection
  • Progressive degenerative disease besides PD
  • Spinal fusion or other orthopedic surgery in the past six months
  • Mental disease/psychosis such as dementia
  • Greater than minimal assistance required for gait and transfers
  • Inability to make regular time commitments to the scheduled intervention sessions
  • Experience with regular practice of any form of vestibular stimulation within the past year

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Neurovalens Ltd.
  • Collaborator
    • R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor

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