Effects of the COVID-19 Health Emergency on Biopsychosocial Health


There is a critical need to determine the impact of the COVID-19 emergency on the comprehensive well-being of people as they are living through the emergency and sequelae of the emergency period. The research team is requesting National Institutes of Health funding with the goal to investigate rural vs. urban living people's response to the crisis and its impact using mixed methods research.

Full Title of Study: “Effects of the COVID-19 Health Emergency on the Biopsychosocial Health of Rural Residents of New Mexico Using Mixed Methods Research”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Other
  • Study Primary Completion Date: February 25, 2021

Detailed Description

The state of New Mexico and the entire nation have entered an unprecedented health emergency created by the COVID-19 virus; affecting the lives of all people, many of whom were significantly unprepared for the disruptions the emergency created in daily life. Rural residents are at increased risk from effects of the emergency due to numerous disadvantages as compared to urban living people (i.e. critical care access, food insecurity, social isolation). Very little is known about how people are living through a national emergency event affecting all people of the nation. Therefore, a significant gap in knowledge exists: 1. How are rural-living vs. urban-living people responding physically and mentally to the crisis? 2. What strategies of resilience are employed by people living in rural vs. urban counties? 3. What are perceptions of access to critical supplies and services in urban vs. rural counties; 4. How is the availability and use of technology used for news, reliable information, and communication? and 5. Use of time: what alterations in daily life self-care, care of others, commerce, and valued routines in urban vs. rural counties are occurring?


  • Other: WHOQOL-BREF survey
    • Participants will be surveyed and interviewed about their perceptions regarding COVID-19 health emergency

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Rural Living Community Member
    • Adult residents of a New Mexico rural county (as federally designated)
  • Urban/Suburban Living Community Member
    • Comparison group: adult resident of a New Mexico urban/suburban city or town (as federally designated)

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Scale
    • Time Frame: From enrollment until post-event (Feb. 2021)
    • participant responses about quality of life during COVID-19 emergency

Secondary Measures

  • Open-ended Interview
    • Time Frame: From enrollment until post-event (Feb. 2021)
    • Participants responses to open-ended interview questions regarding alteration in daily life routines

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Urban and rural living residents of New Mexico, any gender, gender identity, any ethnic origin, any health status (healthy, chronic, disabled), and adult age from 18-85

Exclusion Criteria

  • Non-New Mexico residents, adults unable to give consent due to cognition or incarceration status

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 85 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • University of New Mexico
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Carla S. Wilhite, Assistant Professor – University of New Mexico
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Carla Wilhite, DOT, Principal Investigator, University of New Mexico

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.