The purpose of this study is to determine if therapeutic dose anticoagulation (experimental group) improves 30-day mortality in participants with COVID-19 compared to those patients receiving the intermediate dose prophylaxis (control group). Following screening, subjects will be randomized 1:1 to intermediate dose prophylaxis or therapeutic dose anticoagulation treatment arms.Treatment will continue for 28 days, followed by a 6 month follow-up period.
Full Title of Study: “InterMediate ProphylACtic Versus Therapeutic Dose Anticoagulation in Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19: A Prospective Randomized Study (The IMPACT Trial)”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Masking: None (Open Label)
- Study Primary Completion Date: December 2020
- Drug: Enoxaparin sodium
- Intermediate Dose Prophylaxis Arm: 0.5 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours if creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 ml/min –OR– 0.5 mg/kg subcutaneously every 24 hours if creatinine clearance less than 30 ml/min Therapeutic Dose Anticoagulation Arm: 1 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours
- Drug: Unfractionated heparin
- Intermediate Dose Prophylaxis Arm: 7,500 units subcutaneously every 8 hours Therapeutic Dose Anticoagulation Arm: Dosed to target anti-Xa level 0.3 – 0.7 IU/mL or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), according to institutional protocol
- Drug: Fondapariniux
- Intermediate Dose Prophylaxis Arm: 2.5 mg daily subcutaneously Therapeutic Dose Anticoagulation Arm: Dose by weight: If greater than or equal to 100 kg: 10 mg daily If less than 100 kg but greater than or equal to 50 kg: 7.5 mg daily If less than 50 kg: 5 mg daily
- Drug: Argatroban
- Therapeutic Dose Anticoagulation Arm: Dosed according to institutional protocol
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Active Comparator: Intermediate Dose Prophylaxis
- Subjects will receive one of the following interventions, at their physician’s discretion: Enoxaparin 0.5 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours if creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 ml/min Enoxaparin 0.5 mg/kg subcutaneously every 24 hours if creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min If patient develops acute kidney injury: unfractionated heparin 7,500 units subcutaneously every 8 hours. Fondaparinux (if history of heparin-inducted thrombocytopenia [HIT]) 2.5 mg daily subcutaneously
- Experimental: Therapeutic Dose Anticoagulation
- Subjects will receive one of the following interventions, at their physician’s discretion: Unfractionated heparin (UFH) to target anti-Xa level 0.3 -0.7 IU/mL or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) (according to institutional protocol). Enoxaparin 1 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours Argatroban (if heparin-induced thrombocytopenia [HIT]), dosed according to institutional protocol. Fondaparinux (if HIT and creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 ml/min) dosed by weight: ≥100 kg: 10 mg daily <100 kg but ≥50 kg: 7.5 mg daily <50 kg: 5 mg daily
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- 30-day mortality
- Time Frame: 30 days
- Comparison of number of COVID-19 positive patients who have died within 30 days of starting treatment on each treatment arm
- Length of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Stay in Days
- Time Frame: 6 months
- Comparison of length of ICU stay in days between each treatment arm.
- Number of documented venous thromboembolism (VTE), arterial thrombosis (stroke, myocardial infarction, other) and microthrombosis events
- Time Frame: 6 months
- Comparison of number of documented VTE, arterial thrombosis and microthrombosis events on each treatment arm
- Number of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding events
- Time Frame: 6 months
- Comparison of major and clinically-relevant non-major bleeding events on each treatment arm, as defined by the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) criteria.
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- Age >18 years old
- COVID-19 positive on (RT-PCR) nasopharyngeal swab, or suspected COVID-19 infection with detectable SARS-CoV-2 IgG or IgM.
- Intensive care unit (ICU) patient or non-ICU patient on invasive mechanical ventilation, BiPAP, 100% non-rebreather mask, or high flow oxygen or supplemental oxygen of at least 4 liters per minute nasal cannula.
- D dimer level greater than 700 ng/mL (3 times the upper limit of normal).
- Objectively documented deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
- Patients in whom there is very high suspicion for pulmonary embolism and are on full-dose anticoagulation as per the treating physician
- Platelets <30,000 not due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), based on the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) criteria and American Society of Hematology (ASH) Frequently Asked Questions
- Active bleeding that poses a contraindication to therapeutic anticoagulation in the opinion of the investigator.
- History of bleeding diathesis (e.g., hemophilia, severe von Willebrand disease, severe thrombocytopathy)
- History of intracranial hemorrhage in the last 90 days
- History of ischemic stroke in the past 2 weeks
- Major neurosurgical procedure in the past 30 days
- Cardiothoracic surgery in the past 30 days
- Intra-abdominal surgery in the past 30 days
- Intracranial malignancy
- Patients who require therapeutic anticoagulation for other reasons like atrial fibrillation, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or antiphospholipid syndrome.
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Maximum Age: N/A
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No
- Lead Sponsor
- Weill Medical College of Cornell University
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Maria T DeSancho, MD, MSc, Principal Investigator, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
- Overall Contact(s)
- Maria T DeSancho, MD, MSc, 646-962-2065, firstname.lastname@example.org
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