The main goal of this research study is to determine how nivolumab and nivolumab/CMP-001 combination affect the likelihood of destroying melanoma involving lymph node and/or in-transit/satellite areas.
The main goal of the PET/CT scan with 18F]F-AraG is to evaluate how [18F]F-AraG uptake changes before and after administration of either nivolumab or nivolumab/CMP-001 combination.
Full Title of Study: “Randomized Neoadjuvant Pilot Phase II Study of TLR9 Agonist CMP-001 in Combination With Nivolumab vs. Nivolumab in Stage IIIB/C/D Melanoma Patients With an Integrated Imaging Biomarker”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Masking: None (Open Label)
- Study Primary Completion Date: June 30, 2023
This is a phase II pilot study comparing MPR rate between two neoadjuvant. This study is designed to evaluate a neoadjuvant regimen [nivolumab in combination with Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist CMP-001] of 20 patients as compared against nivolumab monotherapy. This study includes an integrated [18F]F-AraG imaging biomarker that aims assess the imaging biomarker in patients receiving either neoadjuvant CMP-001/nivolumab or neoadjuvant nivolumab.
Patients with stage IIIB-IIID cutaneous (or unknown primary) melanoma with palpable nodal disease and/or in-transit disease who have yet to undergo definitive surgery are eligible to enroll. Patients with nodal and/or in-transit relapse including those who have received prior adjuvant IFN and/or ipilimumab are eligible to enroll.
Suitable patients will be identified pre-operatively. Patients will undergo a 28 day screening evaluation including surgical assessment, clinical assessment, systemic/CNS staging scans, and laboratory studies to confirm suitability. Biopsies will occur pre-treatment, W4-5 and the injected lesion(s) will be resected at the time of surgery.
Eligible patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive Arm A (neoadjuvant Nivolumab/CMP) vs. Arm B (neoadjuvant Nivolumab) during the (Prime Phase) pre-operatively for 6-7 weeks. Patients randomized to Arm A will receive: Nivolumab 240mg IV q2 x3 and CMP-001 5mg SC 1st dose then 10mg IT 2nd-7th doses (7 weeks). Patients randomized to Arm B will receive: Nivolumab 240mg IV q2 x3 (6 weeks). In the Prime Phase, CMP-001 will be administered weekly via sub-cutaneous injection (5mg SC; week 1) then intra-tumorally (10mg IT; weeks 2-7).
[18F]F-AraG PET-CT scan (18-F PET) is an integrated biomarker and will be performed at 2 imaging time-points: pre-treatment (pre-W1) and on-treatment (W4). At each imaging timepoint, [18F]F-AraG will be administered by a licensed nuclear medicine technologist under the supervision of a nuclear medicine physician on an outpatient basis. Each patient will receive a single bolus injection of 5 mCi [18F]F-AraG IV into a hand or arm vein. At pre-W1/W4 imaging timepoints, following [18F]F-AraG injection, a 30-min static PET-CT scan will be performed covering the brain to the upper legs.
Following the Prime Phase and restaging systemic scans, patients will undergo surgical resection.
Post-operatively, patients will continue to receive maintenance therapy (Boost Phase) per randomization. In the Boost Phase, patients randomized to Arm A (neoadjuvant Nivolumab/CMP) will receive Nivolumab and CMP (480mg IV q4 x12; CMP-001 5mg SC q4 x12; 48 weeks); while patients randomized to Arm B (neoadjuvant Nivolumab) will receive Nivolumab (480mg IV q4 x12; 48 weeks). In the post-operative period, CMP-001 will be administered subcutaneously.
- Drug: CMP-001
- A molecule comprised of a 30 nucleotide strand, flanked by 10 guanines on either end. The nucleotide strand is surrounded by a Qβ viral-like protein. The intended mechanism of action of CMP-001 in oncology is the activation of TLR9 in pDC within the tumor or the tumor-draining lymph nodes (tumor-associated pDC).
- Biological: Nivolumab
- a fully human Ig G4 antibody that blocks PD-1. Nivolumab was initially approved by the FDA for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma and disease progression following ipilimumab and, if BRAF V600 mutation positive, a BRAF inhibitor. Nivolumab has also been FDA approved to treat patients with advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy, as well as advanced renal cell carcinoma.
- Other: [18F]F-AraG PET/CT
- [18F]F-AraG is an 18F-labeled analog of arabinofuranosylguanine (AraG), a compound that has shown remarkably selective accumulation in T cells. It has several advantages over conventional [18F] and existing small molecule PET agents being investigated for immuno-monitoring. [18F]F-AraG has lower accumulation and more efficient efflux from cancer cells than a dCK agent.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Experimental: Nivolumab and CMP-001 Combination with [18F]F-AraG PET/CT
- Prime Phase – Nivolumab 240mg IV, every 2 weeks starting with Cycle 2 (Cycles 2,4,6) for 6 weeks in combination with CMP-001 5mg subcutaneous 1st dose, and the remaining injections, 10mg intra-tumorally will be administered Weeks 2-7. [18F]F-AraG PET/CT, single bolus injection of 5 (±10%) mCi IV into a vein, Screening and at Week 5. Boost Phase – Nivolumab 480mg IV, every 4 weeks and CMP-001 5mg subcutaneous every 4 weeks up to 48 weeks.
- Experimental: Nivolumab with [18F]F-AraG PET/CT
- Prime Phase – Nivolumab 240mg IV, every 2 weeks starting with Cycle 2 (Cycles 2, 4, 6) for 6 weeks. [18F]F-AraG PET/CT, single bolus injection of 5 (±10%) mCi IV into a vein, Screening and at Week 5. Boost Phase – Nivolumab 480mg IV, every 4 weeks starting from the time of surgery recovery for up to 48 weeks.
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Immune-related Major Pathologic Response rate (MPR rate)
- Time Frame: At the time of surgery (Week 8-10)
- A ratio of responders (to treatment) to total number of tumors (responders plus non-responders to treatment). Immune-related pathologic response rate based on the percent (%) of residual volume of tumor (RVT). Pathologic No Response (pNR) is defined as %RVT>50%; Partial Pathologic Response (pPR) is defined as 10%< %RVT<50% (at least 10%, up to 49%); Major Pathologic Response (MPR) is defined as %RVT≤10%; Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) is defined as %RVT=0%.
- Tumor PET response via [18F]F-AraG
- Time Frame: At Week 1 (baseline) and Week 5
- [18F]F-AraG is an experimental PET imaging agent. Tumor PET response will be assessed via standard uptake values (SUV) measured as SUVmax, SUVpeak, SUVmean, and SUVtotal.The max, peak, mean and total values for each patient will be used to determine the average standard uptake values for the study population. The possible range of SUV values is between 0 – 100. Higher SUV correlates with greater malignancy.
- Relapse-Free Survival (RFS)
- Time Frame: At 6-months, 12-months, 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year; up to 5 years
- The length of time from initiation of treatment until melanoma relapse or death.
- Overall Survival (OS)
- Time Frame: At 6-month, 12-months, 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year; up to 5 years
- The length of (survival) time from the start of treatment until death from any cause.
- Adverse Events at Least Possibly Related to Study Treatment
- Time Frame: Up to 5 years
- Toxicities defined by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 are adverse events classified as either possibly, probably, or definitely related to study treatment. The maximum grade for each type of toxicity will be recorded and the frequency of toxicities will be tabulated for the study population.
Participating in This Clinical Trial
1. Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the study.
2. Be ≥ 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
3. Willingness to undergo [18F]F‑AraG PET imaging at pre- and week 5 timepoints.
4. Diagnosis of histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma belonging to one of the following AJCC TNM stages:
1. Tx or T1-4 and
2. N1b, or N1c, or N2b, or N2c, or N3b, or N3c and
Patients are eligible for this trial either at presentation for primary melanoma with concurrent regional nodal and/or in-transit metastasis; or at the time of clinical detected nodal and/or in-transit recurrence; and may belong to any of the following groups:
- Primary cutaneous melanoma with clinically apparent regional lymph node metastases.
- Clinically detected recurrent melanoma at the proximal regional lymph node(s) basin.
- Clinically detected primary cutaneous melanoma involving multiple regional nodal groups.
- Clinical detected nodal melanoma (if single site) arising from an unknown primary.
- In-transit and/or satellite metastases with or without regional lymph node involved permitted if considered potentially surgically resectable at baseline.
- NOTE: Determination of potential resectability must be made at baseline to be eligible for this neoadjuvant study.
- NOTE: Patients with mucosal and/or uveal melanoma are not permitted to enroll. Patients with melanomas of unknown primary may be enrolled at the discretion of the treating investigator in discussion with Principal Investigator.
5. Presence of injectable and measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1.
6. Willing to undergo tumor biopsy (core, punch, incisional or excisional). Patients must undergo biopsy (core, punch) or open biopsy (incisional, excisional) within 4 weeks of registration on the study and at W4-5.
7. Performance status of 0 or 1 on the ECOG Performance Scale.
8. Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined below performed on screening labs obtained within 4 weeks of registration.
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 /mcL
- Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL or ≥5.6 mmol/L
- Platelets ≥100,000 / mcL
- Serum creatinine or Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≤1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR ≥60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN.
- Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN.
- AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN.
- International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants.
- Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants.
9. Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
10. Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 26 weeks after the last dose of study medication (Section 5.7.2). Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year.
11. Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 26 weeks after the last dose of study therapy.
Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject.
1. History of uveal or mucosal melanoma.
2. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment.
3. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.
4. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent.
- Note: Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.
- Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy.
- Note: Subjects with autoimmune disorders of Grade 4 while on prior immunotherapy will be excluded. Subjects who developed autoimmune disorders of Grade ≤ 3 may enroll if the disorder has resolved to Grade ≤1 and the subject has been off systemic steroids at doses >10 mg/d for at least 2 weeks.
5. Active (i.e., symptomatic or growing) central nervous system (CNS) metastases.
6. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
7. Has a systemic disease that requires systemic pharmacologic doses of corticosteroids greater than 10mg daily prednisone (or equivalent). Subjects who are currently receiving steroids at a dose of ≤10mg daily do not need to discontinue steroids prior to enrollment Subjects that require topical, ophthalmologic and inhalational steroids would not be excluded from the study. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjogren's syndrome will not be excluded from the study. Subjects who require active immunosuppression (greater than steroid dose discussed above) for any reason are excluded.
8. Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
9. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
10. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
11. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
12. Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 26 weeks after the last dose of trial treatment.
13. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137 or BRAF/MEK inhibitor. Prior treatment with ipilimumab or interferon alfa is allowed. Patients with history of allergic or hypersensitivity reaction to interferon alfa or ipilimumab are also excluded.
14. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
15. Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected. Patients with treated Hepatitis B/C with no evidence of active infection may be enrolled.
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Maximum Age: N/A
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No
- Lead Sponsor
- Diwakar Davar
- Checkmate Pharmaceuticals
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Sponsor-Investigator: Diwakar Davar, Assistant Professor of Medicine – University of Pittsburgh
- Overall Official(s)
- Diwakar Davar, MD, M.Sc, Principal Investigator, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
- Overall Contact(s)
- Amy Rose, RN, 412-647-8587, firstname.lastname@example.org
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