South Asians Active Together (SAATH) Study

Overview

South Asian immigrant women and girls are at increased risk for insufficient physical activity and are not being reached by current approaches to physical activity promotion. This randomized control trial study will test the effectiveness and implementation of a multi component physical activity intervention directed at the environment, family, interpersonal and individual levels to promote physical activity among South Asian immigrant mothers and daughters.

Full Title of Study: “A Multilevel Physical Activity Intervention for South Asian Women and Girls (SAATH)”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: Single (Investigator)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 31, 2022

Interventions

  • Behavioral: SAATH Intervention
    • SAATH intervention is a physical activity intervention for South Asian mothers and daughters with group exercise classes and discussion groups.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Intervention group
    • The intervention group will receive a 18-week in-person program. The program includes the following components: multi family group counseling, group exercise classes, mother group discussion, daughter group discussion and Fitbit.
  • No Intervention: Control group
    • The group group will receive print materials about physical activity.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Averaged daily minutes spent in moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity measured by ActiGraph accelerometers
    • Time Frame: The outcome will be assessed before the intervention (week 0) and after the intervention (week 18)
    • Moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity will be identified based on the accelerometer count cut-point for moderate intensity and daily minutes spent in moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity estimated for seven days will be averaged

Secondary Measures

  • Averaged daily minutes spent in walking or running behavior measured by ActiGraph accelerometers
    • Time Frame: The outcome will be assessed before the intervention (week 0) and after the intervention (week 18)
    • Walking and running behavior will be recognized using a machine learning activity recognition algorithm and daily minutes spent in walking or running behavior estimated for seven days will be averaged
  • Averaged daily hours spent in sedentary behaviors measured by ActiGraph accelerometers
    • Time Frame: The outcome will be assessed before the intervention (week 0) and after the intervention (week 18)
    • Sedentary behaviors will be identified based on the accelerometer count cut-point for sedentary behaviors and daily minutes spent in sedentary behaviors estimated for seven days will be averaged
  • Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) measured by a sphygmomanometer
    • Time Frame: The outcome will be assessed before the intervention (week 0) and after the intervention (week 18)
    • Blood pressure will be measured three times while sitting down and relaxing on a chair and the last two measures will be averaged
  • Self-efficacy score measured by the Exercise Confidence Survey
    • Time Frame: The outcome will be assessed before the intervention (week 0) and after the intervention (week 18)
    • The self-efficacy score will be calculated by averaging the responses (scored 1 to 5 point for the responses of strongly disagree to strongly agree) from each question item
  • Self-efficacy score measured by Dishman’s Barriers to Self-Efficacy questionnaire
    • Time Frame: The outcome will be assessed before the intervention (week 0) and after the intervention (week 18)
    • The self-efficacy score will be calculated by averaging the responses (scored 1 to 5 point

Participating in This Clinical Trial

The sample of this study is South Asian mothers and their daughters. The inclusion criteria for the mother include:

  • Identifying herself as South Asian,
  • having a sedentary lifestyle as assessed using a self-report questionnaire
  • having ability to communicate in Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu, or English.
  • Having a daughter aged 11-16 years

Exclusion Criteria

  • having known medical condition that restricts ability to participate in moderate intensity PA
  • Unable to complete study procedures (including not wearing accelerometer during run-in)
  • Currently pregnant
  • Unable to provide informed consent or assent.

Gender Eligibility: Female

South Asian girls and women

Minimum Age: 11 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Northwestern University
  • Collaborator
    • Skokie Health Department
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Namratha Kandula, Prinicipal Investigator – Northwestern University
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Namratha Kandula, MD, MPH, +1 312 503 6470, n-kandula@northwestern.edu

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