Role of Intralipid in Management of Organophosphorus Poisoning

Overview

Aim of the study:

To assess the role of intralipid emulsion in the acute man-agement of organophosphorus toxicity and its benefits in de-creasing mortality rates among victims.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: November 2023

Detailed Description

Organophosphates (OPs) are cholinesterase inhibitors that are widely used as pesticides and organophosphate (OP) poisoning is an important public health concern in Egypt especially in the rural farming population. Organophosphate toxicity lead to a characteristic toxidrome that includes muscarinic, nicotinic and central nervous system signs and symptoms and, without proper and early antidotal treatment, death. A new antidote is the need of the hour. Lipid emulsion being inexpensive, easily available and effective in management of other lipid soluble toxins may be a novel option. The exact mechanisms by which ILE exert their beneficial effects are not fully understood, and several have suggested synergistic effects of several mechanisms. The mechanisms of action can be divided into intravascular, membrane, and intracellular effects. The original theory explaining the mechanism of lipid rescue was that of "lipid sink", suggesting sequestration of lipophilic compounds to an expanded intravascular lipid phase, extracting the offending agent from the target tissue, and reversing the toxicity. Other hypotheses relate to the mechanism by which ILEs facilitate cardiac rescue from drug poisoning. These include:

1. increasing myocardial energy substrate delivery and a direct cardiotonic effect of ILE on the poisoned heart.

2. an effect of ILE on calcium ion channels through high levels of long-chain fatty acids, leading to increased cardiomyocyte calcium and positive inotropic effect.

Interventions

  • Drug: Intralipid, 20% Intravenous Emulsion
    • Atropine will be administered to ALL PATIENTS by doubling dose method which comprised of administering atropine start-ing from 2mg and to double the dose and administer till com-plete atropinization. Following this an infusion of 10-20% of the atropinizing dose was given every hour. Group A (Control Group) : Follow Up of 30 patients. Group B (Study Group): 30 patients will receive intralipid AS AN ADJUVANT Three boluses of IFE 15 mg/kg were given over 3 minutes, 20 minutes apart.
  • Drug: Intravenous Atropine Sulfate
    • Atropine will be administered to ALL PATIENTS in Group A and group B by doubling dose method which comprised of administering atropine start-ing from 2mg and to double the dose and administer till complete atropinization. Following this, an infusion of 10-20% of the atropinizing dose was given every hour.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Other: Follow up
    • Follow Up of 30 patients after administration of atropine.
  • Experimental: intralipid 20% adjuvant
    • 30 patients will receive atropine and intralipid AS AN ADJUVANT Three boluses of IFE 15 mg/kg were given over 3 minutes, 20 minutes apart.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • duration in days of hospitalization and ICU stay
    • Time Frame: four days
    • The primary outcome is to study the difference in total days of hospitalization and ICU stay between the study and control groups.

Secondary Measures

  • mortality.
    • Time Frame: four days
    • Death among cases under study.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age group of 18-60 years who are exposed to organophosphorus compounds.
  • Clinical manifestations of organophosphorus toxidromes (hyper-salivation, lacrimation, sweating, urinary incontinence, di-arrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain).

Exclusion Criteria

1. Patient or relative in charge refusal.

2. Chronic renal or liver disease manifested by history, clinical and investigatory diagnosis.

3. Previous history of acute or chronic pancreatitis

4. Combined poisoning with non OP compounds

5. Asymptomatic patients.

6. Contraindications to intralipid emulsion as:

  • disturbances of normal fat metabolism such as patho-logic hyperlipemia manifested by history, clinical and investigatory diagnosis.
  • lipoid nephrosis manifested by history, clinical and investigatory diagnosis.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 60 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Amani Hassan Abdel-Wahab
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor-Investigator: Amani Hassan Abdel-Wahab, Professor of anesthesia and intensive care – Assiut University
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Hamdy A. Youssef, Professor, Study Director, Professor of anesthesia and intensive care, Assiut University
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Ahmad Hashem Sleem, +201002954939, ahmad_hs_87@med.aun.edu.eg

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