Hysteroscopic vs. Cervical Injection for Sentinel Node Detection of Endometrial Cancer


Hysteroscopic vs. Cervical Injection for Sentinel Node Detection of Endometrial Cancer: a multicenter prospective randomized study

Full Title of Study: “Hysteroscopic vs. Cervical Injection for Sentinel Node Detection of Endometrial Cancer: a Multicenter Prospective Randomized Study”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: March 28, 2019

Detailed Description

Hysteroscopic vs. Cervical Injection for Sentinel Node Detection of Endometrial Cancer


  • Procedure: Hysteroscopic injection
    • Hysteroscopic injection
  • Procedure: Cervical injection
    • Cervical injection

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: cervical injection
    • Fluorescent SLN Imaging With Indocyanine Green (ICG), using near-infrared fluorescence imaging, will be used as a dye for SLN mapping. Injections will be performed intraoperative. Concentration of ICG used is 1.25mg/mL, the 25mg dry powder bottle is mixed with 20 mL of sterile water in the operating room, and 4 mL is injected directly into the cervix. This solution was injected intracervically at 3 and 9 o’clock positions, both submucosally and deep into the cervical stroma. A spinal needle 18-gauce is used to inject the ICG. The 4 mL can be divided into 4 separate injections (1 mL each). The ICG should be injected slowly, at a rate of 5 to 10 seconds per quadrant.
  • Experimental: hysteroscopic injection
    • hysteroscopy is performed using an operative hysteroscope. Uterine distension is obtained by means of saline solution. Usually, the fluid bag is placed 50 cm above the patient’s plane so that the intracavitary pressure does not exceed 40 mm Hg. After visualization of uterine cavity a 22-gauce, 40-mm needle was introduced into the operative port and IGC is injected peritumorally. Concentration of ICG used is 1.25mg/mL, the 25mg dry powder bottle is mixed with 20 mL of sterile water in the operating room. The injection is performed subendometrially around the lesion, or, if the uterine cavity was totally involved by disease, at 3, 6, 9, and 12 o’clock . The depth of needle placement is modulated by visualizing endometrial elevation during injection.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Detection rate
    • Time Frame: 30 month
    • assessment of Detection rate in the para-aortic area

Secondary Measures

  • Detection rate
    • Time Frame: 30 month
    • Detection rate in the pelvic area
  • Operative time
    • Time Frame: 30 month
    • Operative time to detect and remove sentinel node
  • Intraoperative complications
    • Time Frame: 30 month
    • Intraoperative complications during the sentinel lymph node dissection
  • Postoperative complications
    • Time Frame: 30 month
    • Postoperative complications graded per the Clavien-Dindo Classification system

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Signed informed consent from the patient;
  • Histological diagnosis of endometrial cancer (including type I and II EC);
  • Early stage (FIGO stage < 4);
  • Age older than 18 years.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Preoperative diagnosis of extra-uterine disease;
  • Preoperative suspicious of gross positive nodes;
  • Execution of neoadjuvant chemotherapy;
  • Contraindication to upfront general anesthesia and or mini-invasive surgery;
  • Systemic infections ongoing;
  • Pregnancy ongoing.

Gender Eligibility: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 90 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Antonino Ditto, MD, Principal Investigator, Fonsazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori Milano


Martinelli F, Ditto A, Bogani G, Signorelli M, Chiappa V, Lorusso D, Haeusler E, Raspagliesi F. Laparoscopic Sentinel Node Mapping in Endometrial Cancer After Hysteroscopic Injection of Indocyanine Green. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2017 Jan 1;24(1):89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2016.09.020. Epub 2016 Oct 8.

Maccauro M, Lucignani G, Aliberti G, Villano C, Castellani MR, Solima E, Bombardieri E. Sentinel lymph node detection following the hysteroscopic peritumoural injection of 99mTc-labelled albumin nanocolloid in endometrial cancer. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2005 May;32(5):569-74. Epub 2004 Dec 30.

Raspagliesi F, Ditto A, Kusamura S, Fontanelli R, Vecchione F, Maccauro M, Solima E. Hysteroscopic injection of tracers in sentinel node detection of endometrial cancer: a feasibility study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Aug;191(2):435-9.

Niikura H, Okamura C, Utsunomiya H, Yoshinaga K, Akahira J, Ito K, Yaegashi N. Sentinel lymph node detection in patients with endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2004 Feb;92(2):669-74.

Gargiulo T, Giusti M, Bottero A, Leo L, Brokaj L, Armellino F, Palladin L. Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) laparoscopic assessment early stage in endometrial cancer. Minerva Ginecol. 2003 Jun;55(3):259-62.

Pelosi E, Arena V, Baudino B, Bellò M, Giusti M, Gargiulo T, Palladin D, Bisi G. Pre-operative lymphatic mapping and intra-operative sentinel lymph node detection in early stage endometrial cancer. Nucl Med Commun. 2003 Sep;24(9):971-5.

Pelosi E, Arena V, Baudino B, Bellò M, Gargiulo T, Giusti M, Bottero A, Leo L, Armellino F, Palladin D, Bisi G. Preliminary study of sentinel node identification with 99mTc colloid and blue dye in patients with endometrial cancer. Tumori. 2002 May-Jun;88(3):S9-10.

Ditto A, Martinelli F, Bogani G, Papadia A, Lorusso D, Raspagliesi F. Sentinel node mapping using hysteroscopic injection of indocyanine green and laparoscopic near-infrared fluorescence imaging in endometrial cancer staging. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2015 Jan;22(1):132-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2014.08.009. Epub 2014 Aug 15.

Solima E, Martinelli F, Ditto A, Maccauro M, Carcangiu M, Mariani L, Kusamura S, Fontanelli R, Grijuela B, Raspagliesi F. Diagnostic accuracy of sentinel node in endometrial cancer by using hysteroscopic injection of radiolabeled tracer. Gynecol Oncol. 2012 Sep;126(3):419-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2012.05.025. Epub 2012 May 30.

Perrone AM, Casadio P, Formelli G, Levorato M, Ghi T, Costa S, Meriggiola MC, Pelusi G. Cervical and hysteroscopic injection for identification of sentinel lymph node in endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2008 Oct;111(1):62-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.05.032. Epub 2008 Jul 14.

Cormier B, Rozenholc AT, Gotlieb W, Plante M, Giede C; Communities of Practice (CoP) Group of Society of Gynecologic Oncology of Canada (GOC). Sentinel lymph node procedure in endometrial cancer: A systematic review and proposal for standardization of future research. Gynecol Oncol. 2015 Aug;138(2):478-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2015.05.039. Epub 2015 Jun 3. Review.

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.