Impact of Sacubitril/Valsartan on Quality of Life and Mortality of CKD vs Non-CKD in Heart Failure Patients
The two primary goals of it's management are preventing further disease progression(mortality,hospitalizations and deterioration of left ventricular function)and alleviating patient suffering
- Study Type: Observational
- Study Design
- Time Perspective: Prospective
- Study Primary Completion Date: October 25, 2020
Heart failure (HF) is emerging as an epidemic in 3rd world countries. Despite significant therapeutic advances, patients with chronic heart failure remain at high risk for HF progression and death. The two primary goals of its management are preventing further disease progression(mortality, hospitalizations and deterioration of left ventricular function)and alleviating patient suffering.Sacubitril /valsartan (previously known as LCZ696) is a first-in-class medicine that contains a neprilysin (NEP )inhibitor(sacubitril) and an angiotensin II receptor blocker (valsartan). NEP is an endopeptidase that metabolizes different vasoactive peptides including natriuretic peptides, bradykinin and Ang -II. In consequence, its inhibition increases mainly the levels of both natriuretic peptides (promoting diuresis, natriuresis and vasodilation) and Ang- II whose effects are blocked by the angiotensin receptor blocker, valsartan (reducing vasoconstriction and aldosterone release).
- Drug: Sacubitril / Valsartan Oral Tablet
- Sacubitril/Valsartan is indicated to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure in patients with chronic heart failure (NYHA Class II-IV) and reduced ejection fraction. Sacubitril/Valsartan is usually administered in conjunction with another heart failure therapies, in place of an ACE inhibitor or other ARB.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Sacubitril/valsartan is a combination of a neprilysin inhibitor, sacubitril and an angiotensin II receptor blocker, valsartan. The recommended starting dose is one 49/51 mg (sacubitril/valsartan) tablet twice-daily. Double the dose of Sacubitril/valsartan after 2 to 4 weeks to the target maintenance dose of 97/103 mg (sacubitril/valsartan) twice-daily, as tolerated by the patient. Reduce the starting dose to 24/26 mg (sacubitril/valsartan) twice-daily for: Patients not currently taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) or previously taking a low dose of these agents. Patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl less than 30 ml/min) Patients with moderate hepatic impairment. (Child Pugh B) Double the dose of Sacubitril/valsartan every 2 to 4 weeks to the target maintenance dose of 97/103 mg (sacubitril/valsartan) twice-daily, as tolerated by the patient
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Assess the result on the quality of life through Kansas city cardiomyopathy Questionnaire
- Time Frame: 1 year
- comparison of the quality of life questionnaire before and after the treatment of sacubitril/ valsartan
- Analyze the result on mortality of heart failure patients through Kansas city cardiomyopathy Questionnaire
- Time Frame: 1 year
- Improvement in mortality of heart failure patients after taking treatment of sacubitril/ valsartan.
- Incidence of acute kidney injury after taking angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor
- Time Frame: 1 year
- changes in the baseline of acute kidney injury, electrolyte imbalance and hemodynamic instability before and after taking treatment of sacubitril valsartan
Participating in This Clinical Trial
1. Patients with heart failure (NYHA class II-IV). 2. LV EF(less than or equal to 40%). 3. eGFR (more than 30 ml/min /1.73m2). Exclusion Criteria:
1. Symptomatic hypotension. 2. eGFR<30 ml/min/1.73m2 . 3. Serum potassium >5.2mmol/L 4. Angioedema
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Maximum Age: 70 Years
- Lead Sponsor
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Shahryar Shiekh, Principal Investigator, Doctors hospital and Medical center, Lahore
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