Segmental Mobilization vs Entire Spine Mobilization In Lumbar Spondylosis

Overview

This study will compare the effect of segmental spine mobilization and entire spine mobilization in the patients with lumber spondylosis.

There will be two groups ; experimental and control. Half of study group will receive segmental mobilization along with conventional treatment such as moist heat , soft tissue mobilization and traditional stretching exercises and half of study group will receive entire spine mobilization along with the same conventional treatment given to other group.

Full Title of Study: “Comparison Between Segmental Mobilization And Entire Spine Mobilization In Lumbar Spondylosis”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Single (Participant)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: May 30, 2019

Detailed Description

This is a randomized controlled trial which is being conducted in Pakistan Railway hospital enrolled total 40 participants diagnosed with lumbar spondylosis who fulfilled the inclusion criteria through sealed envelope method using purposive sampling technique into two groups I-e experimental (n=21) and control group(n=19).The treatment protocol administered to experimental group was Maitland entire spine mobilization along with other conventional treatments such as hot pack, soft tissue mobilization.

and home-based exercises (Bridging, knee to chest, Hamstrings stretching and TA stretching). While the control group received segmental spine mobilization along with same conventional treatment as mentioned above for 8 sessions. Physical therapy along with pharmaceutical management is effective in improving pain on NPRS, ODI values in patients with lumbar stenosis. Based on evidence that manual therapy interventions when used in combination with exercise therapy in clinical practice has beneficial effect in the treatment of degenerated lumbar spinal stenosis.

effects of 'specific segmental level 'spinal joint mobilization techniques in creating positive outcomes on pain NPRS measures and range of motion concluded that a single session of segmental joint mobilization can lead to pain reduction at both rest and with most painful offending movement.

Manual therapy approaches such as Maitland mobilizations are more productive in the management of chronic low back pain, quality of function and lumbar spine range of motion in patients of lumbar spondylosis than traditional physical therapy interventions such as muscle stretching and spinal traction.

Osteophytes were the most numerous radiographic feature detected in patients with lumbar spondylosis, with greater occurrence in men. Intervertebral disc space narrowing was more prevalent in women than men. Both distinctive radiographic features presence increased with increasing age. Disc space reduction seemed more strongly related with chronic low back pain than osteophytosis, especially in men and disc space narrowing at 2 or more segments appeared more powerfully associated with low back pain than disc space reduction at only 1 intervertebral segment.

Maitland posteroanterior spinal mobilizations are performed by a therapist on symptomatic segments after assessment compared with mobilization treatment given on any random spinal segment in patients suffering with chronic low back pain. The results were greater degree of immediate reduction of pain in patients receiving posteroanterior mobilization on symptomatic segment rather than any random segments in offending movement direction.

Interventions

  • Other: Entire Spine Mobilization
    • 8 sessions of Following: -Entire Spinal Mobilization of all spinal segment from C0 to C1 to L5 to S1 (10 reps × 3 sets), – Moist heat: 10 to 15 minutes, – Soft tissue Mobilization, – Exercises : (Knee to chest, Bridging. Hamstrings Stretching, TA stretching)
  • Other: Segmental Mobilization
    • 8 sessions of following -Segmental Mobilization: All lumbar segment from L1 to L2 to L5 to S1 (10 reps × 3 sets) – Moist heat: (10 to 15 minutes), -Soft tissue Mobilization - Exercises: (Knee to chest, Bridging. Hamstrings Stretching, TA stretching)

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Entire Spinal Mobilization
    • Entire Spinal Mobilization( All spinal segment from Co-C1to L5-S1 Moist heat. Soft tissue Mobilization Exercises. (Knee to chest, Bridging. Hamstrings Stretching, TA stretching)
  • Active Comparator: Segmental Mobilization
    • Segmental Mobilization. (All lumbar segment from L1-L2 to L5-S1) Moist heat. Soft tissue Mobilization Exercises (Knee to chest, Bridging. Hamstrings Stretching, TA stretching)

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
    • Time Frame: 8th day
    • Oswestry disability index is basically a tool established by Jeremy Fairbank et al to measure functional outcome and quality of life of persons suffering from low back pain. It consists of total of 10 questions, Every question sores from 0-5 containing 6 questions, which constitutes total of 60 marks for 10 questions. By increasing the value of ODI degree of disability increases. If the percentage fall in 0-20% it indicates minimal disability.21-40% indicates moderately disabled persons, 41 -60% demonstrates severely disabled persons. 61- 80% showed crippled and above 80 are bed bound or psychologically ill patient. Percentages were taken on 1st, 4th and 8th visits to determine the quality of life of patients.
  • Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)
    • Time Frame: 8th Day
    • NPRS values was taken as baseline assessment on 1st visit and post intervention assessment after 1st session. Then again, readings were taken on 4th visit. And final reading was taken on 8th visit for both back and legs
  • Spine goniometry
    • Time Frame: 8th day
    • We also measured lumbar flexion, extension, right and left side bending at both baseline and end results after 1st 4th and 8th session of treatment in both the control and experimental groups.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Lumbar spondylosis.
  • Limited ROM (at least two)
  • Symptoms more than month

Exclusion Criteria

  • Spinal stenosis.
  • Osteoporosis in X-ray.
  • Significant Trauma/Fracture (with in last 06 month)
  • Spondylolysis.
  • Inflammatory arthritis.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 30 Years

Maximum Age: 60 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Riphah International University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Abdul Ghafoor Sajjad, Phd*, Principal Investigator, Riphah International University

References

Reiman MP, Harris JY, Cleland JA. Manual therapy interventions for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: a systematic review. InDatabase of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] 2009. Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Slaven EJ, Goode AP, Coronado RA, Poole C, Hegedus EJ. The relative effectiveness of segment specific level and non-specific level spinal joint mobilization on pain and range of motion: results of a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Man Manip Ther. 2013 Feb;21(1):7-17. doi: 10.1179/2042618612Y.0000000016. Review.

Sharma A, Alahmari K, Ahmed I. Efficacy of Manual Therapy versus Conventional Physical Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain Due to Lumbar Spondylosis. A Pilot Study. Med Sci (Basel). 2015 Jun 26;3(3):55-63. doi: 10.3390/medsci3030055.

Osama, Muhammad & Malik, Reem & Ahmad, Shakeel. (2017). Effects of facet joint mobilization in patients with straightening of the cervical spine: A pilot study. 10.13140/RG.2.2.15585.10083.

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