Rate of Tissue Temperature Reduction Between Wetted Ice and Game Ready

Overview

This study compares the tissue temperature decrease between a wetted ice bag (ice and water) with an elastic wrap to the Game Ready® treatment. The goal is to determine which one decreases the temperature the most and the fastest, which is important in immediate care treatments of a musculoskeletal injury.

Full Title of Study: “The Rate of Intramuscular Tissue Temperature Reduction Between Wetted Ice With Elastic Wrap and Game Ready”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 15, 2019

Detailed Description

The purpose of this study will be to determine which cryotherapy method, wetted ice bag and elastic wrap or Game Ready® set at medium pressure, decreases tissue temperature the most during a 30-minute treatment. Due to the convenience of Game Ready®, it is being used as an immediate care intervention. Findings in the literature have indicated wetted ice cools tissue temperature more than cubed or crushed ice based on the assumption that colder is better. Conversely, research on Game Ready® has revealed ice bags and slush buckets cause a greater reduction in tissue temperature compared to Game Ready®. However, no study exists comparing the effects of Game Ready® versus wetted ice on intramuscular tissue temperature reduction as immediate care interventions. Based on the results, this study may help contribute to the existing literature on tissue temperature reduction of both Game Ready® and wetted ice to determine the better modality to use for immediate care. The research questions guiding this study will be:

1. Which cryotherapy method, Game Ready® or wetted ice with elastic wrap, will be the most effective at decreasing intramuscular tissue temperature during a 30-minute application in patients aged 18-40 years old?

2. Which cryotherapy method, Game Ready® or wetted ice with elastic wrap, will achieve an intramuscular tissue temperature reduction the fastest?

Interventions

  • Device: Game Ready® device
    • The half leg boot sleeve of the Game Ready® device (CoolSystems, Inc., Alamda, CA) will be applied to each participants’ lower leg and ankle for 30 minutes set on the medium pressure setting (5-50 mmHG).
  • Other: Wetted Ice Bag with Elastic Wrap
    • A standard ice bag filled with 2000 mL of cubed ice and 300 mL of 5˚C water will be applied using an elastic wrap to each participants’ lower leg for 30 minutes. An elastic wrap applied at approximately 75% percent tension starting distal to the treatment area and moving proximally overlapping by half will be applied over the wetted ice bag.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Wetted ice with elastic wrap
    • A standard ice bag filled with 2000 mL of cubed ice and 300 mL of 5˚C water will be applied to each participants’ lower leg for 30 minutes using an elastic wrap. The elastic wrap will be applied at approximately 75% percent tension starting distal to the treatment area and moving proximally overlapping by half. The elastic wrap application will consist of pulling the wrap to its full tension, measuring the length of the wrap, and calculating 75% of the total length to apply to the body part.
  • Active Comparator: Game Ready
    • The half leg boot sleeve of the Game Ready® device (CoolSystems, Inc., Alamda, CA) will be applied to each participants’ lower leg and ankle for 30 minutes set on the medium pressure setting (5-50 mmHG).

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Intramuscular temperature
    • Time Frame: The tissue temperatures will be recorded every 5 seconds and analyzed at the baseline.
    • The triceps surae intramuscular tissue temperature will be recorded with thermocouples inserted 2cm below the adipose.
  • Intramuscular temperature
    • Time Frame: The tissue temperatures will be recorded every 5 seconds and analyzed at 10 minutes.
    • The triceps surae intramuscular tissue temperature will be recorded with thermocouples inserted 2cm below the adipose.
  • Intramuscular temperature
    • Time Frame: The tissue temperatures will be recorded every 5 seconds and analyzed at 20 minutes.
    • The triceps surae intramuscular tissue temperature will be recorded with thermocouples inserted 2cm below the adipose.
  • Intramuscular temperature
    • Time Frame: The tissue temperatures will be recorded every 5 seconds and analyzed at 30 minutes/end time.
    • The triceps surae intramuscular tissue temperature will be recorded with thermocouples inserted 2cm below the adipose.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Subjects will be both male and female.
  • Subjects will be between 18 and 40 years of age.
  • Subjects will have no prior injury to the dominant lower leg within the past 6 months.
  • Subjects will be able to speak English.
  • Subjects will have less than 1 cm of adipose over the medial gastrocnemius muscle.

Exclusion Criteria

  • any current lower extremity injury, or any lower extremity injuries within the past 6 months.
  • any previous history of surgery in the lower leg
  • any contraindications to cryotherapy such as Raynaud's phenomenon, cold-induced urticaria, previous frostbite to the lower leg, open wounds, peripheral vascular disease, lupus, circulatory insufficiency, mayocardial ischemia, or skin infections.
  • any abnormalities seen in the muscle as determined by diagnostic ultrasound.
  • any allergies or sensitivities to Betadine.
  • greater than 1.0cm of adipose over the medial gastrocnemius muscle (calf).

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 40 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • North Dakota State University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Kara Gange, Associate Professor – North Dakota State University
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Kara Gange, PhD, ATC, Principal Investigator, Kara Gange

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