CVD Risk Factor Knowledge Across Age Groups

Overview

This study was to examine the knowledge level regarding cardiovascular disease risk factors among participants of varying ages. Then to see if there was any type of previous education that led to greater knowledge levels.

Full Title of Study: “Assessment of the Knowledge Level Regarding Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Comparison Across Age Groups”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 2017

Detailed Description

This study used a survey tool that assessed the participants' method(s) of prior education regarding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Then the participant was asked eleven questions regarding CVD risk factors which tested their knowledge of those factors. Analysis was done to evaluate overall knowledge level of each group and compare the knowledge levels across age groups. Then analysis was done to see if any method(s) led to better knowledge level within and/or between age groups.

Interventions

  • Other: Survey tool to assess CVD risk factor knowledge
    • The survey tool was used to assess the participant’s knowledge level and their previous methods of education regarding cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Children in grades 4 or 5
    • This group was comprised of participants that were in grades 4 or 5 in school.
  • Active Comparator: Adolescents in grades 10 or 11
    • This group was comprised of participants that were in grades 10 or 11 in school.
  • Active Comparator: College Age Participants
    • This group was comprised of participants that were sophomores or juniors in college/university that were non-health career majors.
  • Active Comparator: Cardiac Rehab Adults
    • This group was comprised of participants that were adults over the age of 40 that had completed a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program.
  • Active Comparator: General Adults
    • This group was comprised of participants that were adults over the age of 40 that had never attended an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program before.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Cardiovascular disease risk factor knowledge
    • Time Frame: 10-15 minutes
    • How well did the participant know the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This was determined by using a survey tool that was shown to have internal validity using Chronbach alpha score. The survey had 11 questions regarding CVD risk factors and asked the participant if they felt the statement was completely true, somewhat true, neutral, somewhat untrue, or completely untrue. Survey scores were determined out of 55 total points.
  • Method(s) of education
    • Time Frame: 10-15 minutes
    • What methods of education regarding CVD risk factors did the participant previously have. The participant was asked various methods of previous education. These included school for younger participants, cardiac rehab for that group, TV, media, Internet, community groups, health care provider, family member experience, or family member discussion. The were tabulated individually and then comparisons were made within and between groups for methods of education used. Then these were correlated to survey scores too. These comparisons were made with chi-square with post-hoc tests, MANOVAs, and unpaired t-tests.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • were specific to age for each participant group and then also included full completion of the survey for all groups.

Exclusion Criteria

  • age outside of specified population for each participant groups or incomplete survey for any participant regardless of group.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 8 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • D’Youville College
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Pamela Bartlo, Clinical Associate Professor – D’Youville College

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