DIMES – DIgital MEdicine Study for Adults With Schizophrenia, Bipolar I Disorder, or Major Depression Currently Using Aripiprazole

Overview

This is a 12 month, pragmatic trial designed to assess the differences in a digital medicine system (DMS)- ABILIFY MYCITE (Aripiprazole tablets with sensor)- measuring adherence versus treatment as usual (TAU) for adult patients with schizophrenia, bipolar I disorder, and major depression. Outcomes of interest will be adherence as measured by refill rates and all-cause and psychiatric health care use. Each patient will be in the study for a duration of 12 months. All treatment medication decisions will be made by the healthcare professionals (HCPs) and not by protocol. Psychiatrist(s), nurse(s) and/or team manager(s) who will be responsible for subjects' care, will be considered as HCPs in this trial.

Full Title of Study: “A Multicenter, 52-week, Provider- Randomized, Pragmatic Trial to Assess the Differences in ABILIFY MYCITE – a Digital Medicine System (DMS) Versus Treatment as Usual (TAU) for Adults With Schizophrenia, Bipolar I Disorder, or Major Depression Currently Using Aripiprazole”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: January 2021

Detailed Description

This is a phase 4, 12-month, pragmatic trial designed to assess adherence in patients using ABILIFY MYCITE versus patients receiving treatment as usual (TAU). Both groups will complete surveys at baseline, 90, 180, and 360 days and will receive care at the discretion of their physician. The usual care group will not receive the ABILIFY MYCITE intervention. The primary outcome will assess refill rates at 6 months. Eligible patients will enroll at their screening/baseline visit and ABILIFY MYCITE onboarding will be provided in the clinic, with commercial informational materials and additional call center support. Patients will then initiate 3 months of treatment with ABILIFY MYCITE at the baseline visit. At the Day 90 visit, patients will have the opportunity to either stop or continue using ABILIFY MYCITE for the remainder of the study (9 months). This decision must be a joint decision with the patient and his or her treating physician. During this optional interventional phase, patients may start and stop ABILIFY MYCITE as clinically indicated. All enrolled patients will have required in-person visits at baseline, 90-days, and 180-days. The day 360 (final) visit can be in-person or via telephone. Medical and actual pharmacy dispensing data will be collected from day 1 through day 360 using the VA's electronic medical record system.

Interventions

  • Combination Product: ABILIFY MYCITE
    • Initiation of ABILIFY MYCITE will commence immediately, with subjects wearing the patch and using the smartphone app for a total of 3 months from baseline visit to the 3 month visit. Following the initial 90-days, the physician and patient may determine to use ABILIFY MYCITE anytime during the following 9 months. Following this period (up to 12 months), the subjects will not use ABILIFY MYCITE and return to standard care. A safety follow-up phone call will occur at 2 weeks after the 12 month/early termination (ET) visit. In addition, individuals in the ABILIFY MYCITE arm will evaluate satisfaction with the use of ABILIFY MYCITE.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: ABILIFY MYCITE Group
    • If patients are assigned to the ABILIFY MYCITE treatment group, the patients and physician will initiate the system at the baseline visit, and continue to use the system for 3 months. At any time after the first 3 months, a patient and his or her doctor will have the opportunity to either discontinue or continue using ABILIFY MYCITE for the remainder of the trial (9 additional months; 12 months total) as long as clinically appropriate with the goal of measuring adherence to improve clinical decision-making and care. Both ABILIFY MYCITE and TAU participants will complete a battery of questions related to quality of life, patient usability/satisfaction, etc. at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months.
  • No Intervention: Treatment as Usual (TAU) Group
    • TAU patients will continue receiving care as recommended by their physician which will include the use of Aripiprazole according to the approved labels. Both ABILIFY MYCITE and TAU participants will complete a battery of questions related to quality of life, patient usability/satisfaction, etc. at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Aripiprazole refills
    • Time Frame: 6 months
    • Aripiprazole refill as operationalized as a continuous measure of the number of days covered over the baseline to 6 month period

Secondary Measures

  • Population Proportion of Days Covered (PDC)
    • Time Frame: 12 months
    • The secondary outcomes of medication adherence (to Aripiprazole and other psychotic medications), defined as a binary indicators that PDC ≥ 80% for the prior 30-day period, are collected at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months.
  • Days in acute care settings
    • Time Frame: 12 months
    • The measure of days in acute care (i.e., days not in the community) over the 12-month outcomes interval defined as the total number of days in the ED or inpatient ward.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients aged 18 years of age or older. – Patients with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia (including schizoaffective disorder), bipolar I disorder, or major depressive disorder based on the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria. – Patients have an active prescription for oral Aripiprazole. – Patients may have general medical conditions that are deemed safe for the patient to enter an interventional trial per investigator judgment. – Patients deemed fit for participation in the study by verbal or written confirmation from their mental health provider Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a current neurocognitive disorder (i.e. dementia), intellectual disorder, or any other diagnosis that could impact the patient's ability to participate in the trial. – Any patient who, in the opinion of the patient's mental health provider, study physician or investigator, is unfit to participate in the trial. – Any patient who has participated in an investigational drug trial 30 days prior to trial enrollment. – Females who are breastfeeding, and/or who have a positive pregnancy test prior to trial enrollment, or females who are planning to become pregnant during the trial. No clinical trials have been conducted on the use of ABILIFY MYCITE during pregnancy or breastfeeding. – Patients who do not have skin on the anterior chest just above the lower edge of the rib cage that is free of any dermatological problems (e.g., dermatosis or dermatitis, open wounds, or other skin disorders such as warts, rashes, atopic dermatitis, or irritations). – Patients who are unwilling to refrain from the use of topical products on the skin patch sites. – Has 2 or more errors on the brief, 6-item cognitive screener administered at baseline. – <20% Proportion of Days Covered (PDC) Aripiprazole over the last 6 months prior to enrollment. This is to ensure that all individuals enrolled will have at least filled their Aripiprazole prescription.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Durham VA Medical Center
  • Collaborator
    • Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development and Commercialization, Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Hayden Bosworth, PhD, Principal Investigator, Durham VA Medical Center

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