Different Music Types in Reducing Dental Anxiety in Young People


Anxiety is an important issue in dental care for adults, children and adolescents. Dental anxiety affects 10-20% of adults and 43% of children and adolescents. Dental anxiety often leads to avoiding dental treatment; this can cause serious deterioration of oral and dental health. Such deterioration can significantly increase dental care costs. Therefore, reducing anxiety is important both in terms of patient, physician and cost. Music intervention is a psychological therapy that has many advantages when used in outpatient treatment, including cost-effectiveness, lack of negative physical effects, rapid effect, lack of safety in terms of non-use and lack of concern for recovery. Some types of studies suggested but not tested against each other include classical music, soft rock, calming music, pop, easy listening music, and music of choice.

With the contradictory results of various studies, the fact that the distraction of music and its distraction on the reduction of tooth anxiety is not common shows that a more structured study is needed. The lack of precise data on the effects of different music types on anxiety has led to this study.

Full Title of Study: “Comparison of Different Music Types in Reducing Dental Anxiety in Young People Undergoing Third Molar Tooth Surgery – A Randomized Controlled Study”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: Single (Participant)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 15, 2019


  • Behavioral: Different music types
    • the type of music that reduces anxiety best and most effectively.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Turkish music group
    • Rast makam
  • Active Comparator: classical western music
    • Vivaldi
  • Active Comparator: soft rock music
    • Elvis presley
  • Placebo Comparator: control group
    • No music

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Number of the patients with anxiety
    • Time Frame: six month
    • the type of music that reduces anxiety best and most effectively.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • 3. Molar tooth extraction,
  • 18-30 years old,
  • Symptomatic

Exclusion Criteria

  • Who does not agree to participate in the study,
  • Under 18 years, over 30 years,
  • patients with impaired hearing (ie, not suitable for musical intervention),
  • arrhythmia
  • patients with physical condition III or higher (American Society of Anesthesiologists)

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 30 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Erzincan University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: ILKE KUPELI, assist. prof. – Erzincan University
  • Overall Official(s)
    • ilke kupeli, Principal Investigator, Erzincan University
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • ilke kupeli, +905555485632, ilkeser2004@gmail.com


Almoznino G, Zini A, Sharav Y, Shahar A, Zlutzky H, Haviv Y, Lvovsky A, Aframian DJ. Sleep quality in patients with dental anxiety. J Psychiatr Res. 2015 Feb;61:214-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.11.015. Epub 2014 Dec 9.

Citations Reporting on Results

Gordon D, Heimberg RG, Tellez M, Ismail AI. A critical review of approaches to the treatment of dental anxiety in adults. J Anxiety Disord. 2013 May;27(4):365-78. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.04.002. Epub 2013 Apr 13. Review.

Shim YS, Kim AH, Jeon EY, An SY. Dental fear & anxiety and dental pain in children and adolescents; a systemic review. J Dent Anesth Pain Med. 2015 Jun;15(2):53-61. doi: 10.17245/jdapm.2015.15.2.53. Epub 2015 Jun 30. Review.

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