Evaluation of Health Education Theater

Overview

This study evaluates the feasibility and the potential positive health impacts of a novel "health education theater," which will task participants of a health education program to create an original 10-minute theater that is required to use the health guidelines about physical activity and diet/nutrition. The outcomes include the changes in (a) knowledge about these guidelines, (b) compliance to these guidelines, (c) health related quality of life, and (d) self-perception well-being measures such as self-esteem and self-efficacy.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 30, 2020

Interventions

  • Behavioral: Health education
    • All subjects are tasked to create an original 10-minute theater about physical activity and diet/nutrition.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Other: Health education
    • This arm’s subjects are tasked to create an original 10-minute theater that is required to use the guidelines about physical activity and diet/nutrition.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Change in knowledge about the health guidelines regarding physical activity
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months post-intervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Knowledge about the guidelines regarding physical activity assessed via survey questionnaire. This outcome is dichotomous, either 0 or 1, representing a survey respondent’s knowledge about the guideline is incorrect or correct, respectively. This guideline is set by the UC Davis Health Education and Promotion (HEP) (https://shcs.ucdavis.edu/wellness/physical-activity).
  • Change in knowledge about the health guidelines regarding diet/nutrition
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months post-intervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Knowledge about the guidelines regarding diet/nutrition assessed via survey questionnaire. This outcome is dichotomous, either 0 or 1, representing a survey respondent’s knowledge about the guideline is incorrect or correct, respectively. This guideline is set by the UC Davis Health Education and Promotion (HEP) (https://shcs.ucdavis.edu/fruits-andveggies).
  • Change in compliance about the health guidelines regarding physical activity
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months post-intervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Compliance about the guidelines regarding physical activity assessed via survey questionnaire. This outcome is dichotomous, either 0 or 1, representing a survey respondent is non-compliant or compliant to the guideline, respectively. This guideline is set by the UC Davis Health Education and Promotion (HEP) (https://shcs.ucdavis.edu/wellness/physical-activity).
  • Change in compliance about the health guidelines regarding diet/nutrition
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months post-intervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Compliance about the guidelines regarding diet/nutrition assessed via survey questionnaire. This outcome is dichotomous, either 0 or 1, representing a survey respondent is non-compliant or compliant to the guideline, respectively. This guideline is set by the UC Davis Health Education and Promotion (HEP) (https://shcs.ucdavis.edu/fruits-andveggies).
  • Change in health related quality of life
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months postintervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Health related quality of life will be measured with the unit of utility (ranging from 0 to 100), which will be derived with the established method of visual analogue scale following EuroQol Group (Health Policy. 1990;16(3):199-208).
  • Change in self-esteem
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months postintervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Self-esteem will be measured by the established method of “the Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale,” ranging from 10 to 40 (Rosenberg M. Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1965).
  • Change in self-efficacy
    • Time Frame: baseline, immediately post-intervention, 6 months postintervention, 12-months post-intervention
    • Self-efficacy will be measured by the established method of “the Generalized self-efficacy scale,” ranging from 10 to 40 (Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, &M. Johnston, Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35-37). Windsor, England: NFER-NELSON.).

Secondary Measures

  • Economic efficiency of the intervention
    • Time Frame: 60 years after the end of the intervention based on a simulation analysis
    • Return on investment (ROI) of the intervention based on a simulation analysis

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • University of California (UC) Davis students who register for the course entitled " Health Education Theater," to be held during the 2019 Spring Quarter, i.e., from April 2019 to June 2019.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Adults unable to consent
  • Individuals who are not yet adults (infants, children, teenagers)
  • Prisoners
  • Individuals who are not compliant to this project's guideline of health limitations. Under this project guideline, absences due to health limitations are not expected to exceed 3 days maximum in addition to standard class policy during the quarter. As long as a subject is compliant to this project guideline and the additional accommodations authorized by the UC Davis Student Disability Center (SDC), any student (including a pregnant woman student and a student with a disability) can participate in this study.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • University of California, Davis
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor

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