Allergic rhinitis is one of the chronic illnesses. At present, the major treatments for allergic rhinitis are avoiding allergens, medical treatment and surgery. However, inadequate effects, and possible side effects of these treatments are still problems to these patients. Therefore, to find an effective non-medical and non-surgical treatment will be of great help in treating patients with allergic rhinitis. Infrared-C (far-infrared) ray irradiation is able to promote normal operation of autonomic nervous system, to improve blood circulation and thereby assumed to relieve discomfort symptoms of patients with vascular, specific or non-specific allergic rhinitis. Consequently, infrared-C ray irradiation is expected to be effective for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. The investigators aimed to probe the adjunct effects of infrared-C ray irradiation in terms of infrared-C hot compress in improving allergy symptoms like sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, nose and conjunctiva itching during a medical treatment for patients with allergic rhinitis. Moreover, the impact of infrared-C irradiation on health and life quality enhancement will also be studied.
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Masking: Single (Participant)
- Study Primary Completion Date: July 30, 2017
This is a quasi-experimental design. The study subjects are recruited from patients visited to a Ear-Nose-Throat Out Patient Department in a regional teaching hospital in south Taiwan. The sampling method is purposive sampling. The inclusion criteria are adults between 20 and 50 year-old with a definite clinical diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. Subjects were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Thirty persons in the experimental group received both medical and infrared-C ray irradiation by hot compress as intervention. On the other hand, twenty persons in the control group took only medical treatment. Patients in experimental group received anti-histamine, steroid nasal spray and infrared-C ray irradiation for 40 minutes each time, and more than three times per week. The regions for hot compress included head, neck and shoulder, back and lower back, which covered many acupuncture points frequently used by traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, including point Dazhui (GV14), Dingchuan (EX-B1) , Dazhu (BL11), Fengmen (BL12), Feishu (BL13), Pishu (BL20), and Shenshu (BL23). In addition, patients also received infrared-C hot compress over face, eyes and nose during acute stage of allergic rhinitis. The investigators used a questionnaire as a pre-test to collect basic information of the subjects, and Taiwan's Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20) nose and sinusitis evaluation form as pre-middle and post-test to evaluate the effect of the interventions. World Health Organization Quality of Life Instruments (WHOQOL-BREF) and Taiwan's concise edition of WHOQOL II questionnaire were also used as basic data collection tools for allergic rhinitis. Furthermore, blood tests for patient's serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and eosinophil cationic protein levels were determined before and after experiment. Pre-test for the experimental and control group was carried out before the intervention, the first post-test was performed 4 weeks later, and the second post-test was carried out 12 weeks later. Data was analyzed by SPSS 22.0 software.
- Device: infrared-C ray irradiation
- Infrared-C irradiation by hot compress with a powered heating compress
- Device: eye mask
- infrared-C irradiation by hot compress with a powered heating eye mask
- Drug: Xyzal Oral Product
- used to relieve allergy symptoms, It works by blocking histamine that body secretes during an allergic reaction.
- Drug: Fluticasone Furoate
- used to treat seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis. It also helps to reduce the symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Experimental: experimental group
- Received infrared-C ray irradiation by hot compress with a powered heating compress and an eye mask for 40 minutes/time/day Treated regions: eyes and nose region, back region of head, shoulder neck and low back. Received medical treatment, e.g., Xyzal Oral Product and Fluticasone Furoate.
- Placebo Comparator: Control group
- received only medical treatment, e.g., Xyzal Oral Product and Fluticasone Furoate.
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Score reduce in Taiwan’s SNOT-20 nose and sinusitis evaluation form
- Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months
- Measure of outcome in sino-nasal disorders such as sinusitis. Score will reduced after 3 months of the assignment.
- Change in the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, Taiwan version
- Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months
- To measure the following broad domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Score will increase after 3 months of the assignment.
- The amounts of the immunoglobulin E (IgE) level reduced after the assignment
- Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months
- An immunoglobulin E (IgE) test measures the level of IgE, higher amounts of IgE antibodies found can be a sign that the body overreacts to allergens. This can lead to an allergic reaction. The level reduced means the assignment is effectively improve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
- the Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP) level reduced after the assignment
- Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months
- Measuring Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP) levels has been used to evaluate eosinophil-mediated allergic inflammation, asthma, and rhinitis. Levels may reflect current allergen exposure. The level reduced means the assignment is effectively improve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- Adults that age 20 above and 50 below – Clinical diagnosis confirmed as allergic rhinitis – Conscious, no mental or cognitive impairment – Able to read, write or communicate in Mandarin, Taiwanese or Hakka, and agreed to participate Exclusion Criteria:
- Inflammatory skin wounds on the back of the shoulder, neck or lower back – Polyposis – Acute and chronic sinusitis – Vasomotor rhinitis
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 20 Years
Maximum Age: 50 Years
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Lead Sponsor
- Nanhua University
- Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Chun-Chih Lin, Professor, Study Director, Nanhua University
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