Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease


In China, with the improvement of living standards, there is a significant increase in the rate of prevalence of type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia, associated with Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) which has gradually become a major public health problem in our country. The latest study found that intestinal microflora imbalance is closely correlated with NAFLD. In this subject, the investigators aim to explore whether intestinal microbiota transplantation(IMT) could reverse the change of intestinal microflora imbalance and has direct effects of NAFLD.

Full Title of Study: “Efficacy, Safety of Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 2020

Detailed Description

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a significant health problem. With the trend of obesity and associated metabolic syndrome globally, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has become a high incidence of liver disease in developed countries, the prevalence rate of NAFLD adult is about 10% ~ 30%. Therefore, effective prevention and treatment of NAFLD has important significance in improving people's quality of life and disease prognosis. The latest study found that intestinal microflora imbalance is closely correlated with NAFLD. When the structure of intestinal flora is destroyed, host energy absorption and storage of fat balance will be broken, with higher absorption of efficiency. At the same time, metabolic disorder expands. In this projects the investigators aim to re-establish a gut balance of intestinal microbiota through Standardized Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation for NAFLD. The CT ratio of liver/spleen, Fibroscan E value, general indicators, biochemical indicators will be used to assess the efficiency, durability and safety of Standardized IMT at the start and end of the projects.


  • Other: intestinal microbiota transplantation
    • Participants in Exprerimental group take 6 times IMT with 2-week intervals

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: IMT
    • 30 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) patients will be recruited for the study, which involved a 6 times intestinal microbiota transplant(IMT) and the time interval is generally 2 weeks.
  • No Intervention: control
    • 30 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) patients without any treatment

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • The change of CT ratio of liver/spleen
    • Time Frame: 3 months, 6months
    • CT imaging has been used to assess hepatic steatosis and has been validated in relation to liver biopsy .The ratio of liver to spleen (L/S ratio) for CT attenuation values is an index, with a L/S ratio<1 considered to represent fatty liver .The change of CT ratio of liver/spleen will be assessed at different time comparing with the baseline.

Secondary Measures

  • biochemical indicators
    • Time Frame: 3 months, 6months
    • Liver function such as ALT,AST,ALT/AST will be assessed at different time comparing with the baseline.
  • Fibroscan E value
    • Time Frame: 3 months, 6 months
    • Fibroscan E value is a indicators for evaluating liver fibrosis.Changes will be assessed at different time comparing with the baseline.
  • Changes of gut microbiota
    • Time Frame: 3 months, 6months
    • Alpha and Beta diversity of GI microbiota by High-throughput sequencing on baseline line and 3 months, 6months after treatment

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • subjects with NAFLD(nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)
  • aged 18-65
  • 24≤BMI
  • liver/spleen (L/S) ratio no more than 0.7 by CT scan

Exclusion Criteria

  • Alcoholic liver disease (ALD), chronic hepatitis C, autoimmune liver disease, Wilson's disease
  • Drug treatment (tamoxifen, amiodarone, sodium valproate, methotrexate, glucocorticoids, etc.), total parenteral nutrition, inflammatory bowel disease, hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, beta lipoprotein deficiency, IR related syndromes (lipid wasting diabetes mellitus, Mauriac syndrome), gastrointestinal surgery
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), biliary tract diseases and taking or taking chinese and western medicines that can lead liver enzymes elevation in the near future.
  • Moderate and severe renal injuty(serum creatinine>2mg/dL or 177mmol/L), moderate and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, severe hypertension, cerebrovascular accident, congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris.
  • Antibiotics treatment in 7 days before recruited and unwilling to stop it, long-term lipid-lowering drugs, antidiabetic drugs and other liver protecting drugs treatment
  • Antibiotics, other probiotics, gastrointestinal motility drugs and other preparation that may influence intestinal microbiota treatment
  • Other serious diseases that may interfere the recruitment or affect the survival, such as cancer or acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • Mentally or legally disabled person
  • Preparing for pregnancy
  • Medical or social condition which in the opinion of the principal investigator would interfere with or prevent regular follow up
  • Participating in other clinical trials.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 65 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Zhongshan Hospital Xiamen University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Yang Song, 18559666260,

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