Exploration of DNA Methylation as a Marker for Early Detection of High Grade Serous Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Overview

The purpose of this study is to determine if there are markers in plasma that can be used to develop a diagnostic panel for early detection and diagnosis of high grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Other
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 2020

Detailed Description

This study has two phases: "Discovery" cohort and "Validation" cohort.

The "Discovery" phase of this study will obtain tissue samples in a retrospective manner. The investigators will perform genome-scale DNA Methylation analysis to obtain a panel of candidate methylated DNA biomarkers. Twenty archival primary serous epithelial ovarian cancer and twenty archival normal ovarian and salpingeal tissues will be identified by running a report of diagnosis.

During the "Validation" phase of this study, blood and tissue samples will be obtained in a prospective manner. The patients will be undergoing consultation for undiagnosed pelvic mass and are being scheduled for a diagnostic laparoscopic biopsy. At the time of their consultation, patients will be recruited and consented for this phase of the study.

Interventions

  • Other: DNA Methylation
    • No intervention will be performed. Blood and tissue samples will be analyzed for biomarkers that may be used to develop a diagnostic panel for early detection and diagnosis of high grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Patients diagnosed with Serous Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
    • Discovery Cohort: patients who were diagnosed with serous epithelial ovarian cancer whose tissue specimens were previously collected. Validation Cohort: patients who are scheduled for a diagnostic laparoscopic biopsy for an undiagnosed pelvic mass that is determined to be cancerous.
  • Normal patients
    • Discovery Cohort: patients who were determined to have normal ovarian tissue specimens that were previously collected. Validation Cohort: patients who are scheduled for a diagnostic laparoscopic biopsy for an undiagnosed pelvic mass that is determined to not be cancerous.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Identification of DNA markers using HiSeq Genome Analyzer that can predict Serous Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
    • Time Frame: 2 years
    • Isolate DNA using QiaAMp DNA mini kits from tissue and plasma samples from subjects with serous epithelial ovarian cancer and normal subjects and then sequence the DNA using HiSeq Genome Analyzer. The investigators will identify the sequence reads using Illumina base-calling software and analyze them using Zymo Research proprietary analysis pipeline to identify differences in genomic expression in normal subjects compared to subjects with Serous Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Female
  • 18 years of age and older
  • Women with an undiagnosed pelvic mass who need to undergo diagnostic laparoscopic surgery

Exclusion Criteria

  • Male
  • Under 18 years of age
  • Women who can not give informed consent

Gender Eligibility: Female

The investigators are studying biomarkers for the early detection of ovarian cancer. Patients will need to have had ovaries.

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Baylor Research Institute
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Jack Stecher, MD, Principal Investigator, Baylor Health Care System

References

Cancer Genome Atlas Network. Comprehensive molecular portraits of human breast tumours. Nature. 2012 Oct 4;490(7418):61-70. doi: 10.1038/nature11412. Epub 2012 Sep 23.

Lu KH. Screening for Ovarian Cancer in Asymptomatic Women. JAMA. 2018 Feb 13;319(6):557-558. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.21894.

Melnikov A, Scholtens D, Godwin A, Levenson V. Differential methylation profile of ovarian cancer in tissues and plasma. J Mol Diagn. 2009 Jan;11(1):60-65. doi: 10.2353/jmoldx.2009.080072. Epub 2008 Dec 12.

Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2018. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018 Jan;68(1):7-30. doi: 10.3322/caac.21442. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Warton K, Samimi G. Methylation of cell-free circulating DNA in the diagnosis of cancer. Front Mol Biosci. 2015 Apr 22;2:13. doi: 10.3389/fmolb.2015.00013. eCollection 2015. Review.

Citations Reporting on Results

Buys SS, Partridge E, Greene MH, Prorok PC, Reding D, Riley TL, Hartge P, Fagerstrom RM, Ragard LR, Chia D, Izmirlian G, Fouad M, Johnson CC, Gohagan JK; PLCO Project Team. Ovarian cancer screening in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial: findings from the initial screen of a randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Nov;193(5):1630-9. Erratum in: Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Dec;193(6):2183-4.

Jacobs IJ, Menon U, Ryan A, Gentry-Maharaj A, Burnell M, Kalsi JK, Amso NN, Apostolidou S, Benjamin E, Cruickshank D, Crump DN, Davies SK, Dawnay A, Dobbs S, Fletcher G, Ford J, Godfrey K, Gunu R, Habib M, Hallett R, Herod J, Jenkins H, Karpinskyj C, Leeson S, Lewis SJ, Liston WR, Lopes A, Mould T, Murdoch J, Oram D, Rabideau DJ, Reynolds K, Scott I, Seif MW, Sharma A, Singh N, Taylor J, Warburton F, Widschwendter M, Williamson K, Woolas R, Fallowfield L, McGuire AJ, Campbell S, Parmar M, Skates SJ. Ovarian cancer screening and mortality in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2016 Mar 5;387(10022):945-956. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01224-6. Epub 2015 Dec 17. Erratum in: Lancet. 2016 Mar 5;387(10022):944. Erratum in: Lancet. 2016 Mar 5;387(10022):944.

Liggett TE, Melnikov A, Yi Q, Replogle C, Hu W, Rotmensch J, Kamat A, Sood AK, Levenson V. Distinctive DNA methylation patterns of cell-free plasma DNA in women with malignant ovarian tumors. Gynecol Oncol. 2011 Jan;120(1):113-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2010.09.019. Epub 2010 Nov 6.

Survival Rates for Ovarian Cancer by Stage. American Cancer society Website, February 2, 2016. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovarian-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/survival-rates.html

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.