Module on Preventing Fire, Burns and Scalds Injury Among Children

Overview

The main aim of this intervention study is to test the hypothesis if school based educational intervention program will significantly improve the knowledge of primary school student on childhood burn prevention in Kuala Lumpur. The secondary aim the evaluate the association of demographics background, burn injury history with knowledge on burn. The study was conducted in 12 primary school in Kuala Lumpur from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2017 in three different phases.

Full Title of Study: “Developing, Implementing and Evaluating Intervention Module on Preventing Fire, Burns and Scalds Injury Among Children Ages 7 to 11 Years In Sentul, Kuala Lumpur”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 31, 2017

Detailed Description

According to World Health Organization data, approximately 10% of all unintentional injury deaths are due to fire-related burns. In Malaysia, burn represent about 5.6% (745 cases) of all injuries among children. As childhood burn was not considered as a child health problem comparing to other childhood illnesses, parents and children tends to have less priority in overcome this issue. This highlights the need to transfer the knowledge especially to the children on the burn prevention. By implementing this module on preventing fire, burns and scalds injury among children, knowledge on main causes of burns and their immediate management can be improved at young age.

Interventions

  • Behavioral: Knowledge and Attitude on burn prevention
    • 1.Introduction to Home Safety 2 Fire Safety & Burn Safety (Cooking Safety, Safety around Motorcycle Exhaust &First Aid for Minor Burns 3 Electrical Safety (Safety around Electrical & Appliances & Outlets) 4 Firecrackers Safety (Safety around Firecrackers & Open Flames) 5. Escaping from Fire (Escaping from Fire, Calling for Help, Stop, Drop & Roll, Emergency Calling Number (By Fire Department Kuala Lumpur), Show equipment/gear that firefighters use, Demonstrate how to use the fire extinguisher, Crawl low in smoke

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: School-based educational intervention
    • assessed for knowledge and attitude on burn injury prevention underwent the School-based educational intervention impact evaluation Output evaluation 3 months after School-based educational intervention

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Improve the knowledge on burn prevention among children
    • Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year
    • Educational intervention was conducted to improve the knowledge on burn prevention among children. The intervention uses Module on Preventing Fire, Burns and Scalds which consist of 5 main topics; Introduction to Home Safety Fire Safety & Burn Safety Electrical Safety Firecrackers Safety Escaping from Fire The knowledge on burn prevention was assessed using questionnaire before and after intervention. The total score of knowledge was further categorized into poor moderate and good. The change in mean score of knowledge was assessed using paired-t test and ANCOVA test
  • Improve the attitude on burn prevention among children
    • Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year
    • Educational intervention was conducted to improve the attitude on burn prevention among children. The intervention uses Module on Preventing Fire, Burns and Scalds The attitude on burn prevention was assessed using questionnaire before and after intervention. The total score of attitute was further categorized into poor moderate and good. The change in mean score of attitude was assessed using paired-t test and ANCOVA test

Secondary Measures

  • Socio-demographic characteristic was associated with knowledge on burn prevention among children
    • Time Frame: first year of the study (1 year)
    • A structured questionnaire was used to assess the socio-demographic characteristics of the children (age, gender, ethnicity, family income, educational background of parents, type of residential and number of siblings) the association between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge on burn prevention among children was tested using ANOVA and Regression analysis
  • Socio-demographic characteristic was associated with attitude on burn prevention among children
    • Time Frame: first year of the study (1 year)
    • A structured questionnaire was used to assess the socio-demographic characteristics of the children (age, gender, ethnicity, family income, educational background of parents, type of residential and number of siblings) the association between socio-demographic characteristics and attitude on burn prevention among children was tested using ANOVA and Regression analysis
  • Burn injuries was associated with knowledge on burn prevention among children
    • Time Frame: first year of the study (1 year)
    • A structured questionnaire was used to gather information of burn injuries (history of burn, duration, location, severity) the association between burn injury and knowledge on burn prevention among children was tested using ANOVA and Regression analysis
  • Burn injuries was associated with attitude on burn prevention among children
    • Time Frame: first year of the study (1 year)
    • A structured questionnaire was used to gather information of burn injuries (history of burn, duration, location, severity) the association between burn injury and attitude on burn prevention among children was tested using ANOVA and Regression analysis
  • Educational Module on Preventing Fire, Burns and Scalds Injury will be developed based on five main issues identified in pre-intervention phase
    • Time Frame: second year of the study (24 months)
    • Education module will developed based on 5 main topics as identified in phase I (pre-intervention); Introduction to Home Safety Fire Safety & Burn Safety Electrical Safety Firecrackers Safety Escaping from Fire The module will be used as teaching materials on on Preventing Fire, Burns and Scalds Injury in primary school

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Students who are aged 7 till 11 years old – Parent or guardian of each selected student above Exclusion Criteria:

‚óŹ Students under special needs class (Pendidikan Khas)

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 7 Years

Maximum Age: 11 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Collaborator
    • Honeywell Home Solutions USA
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Assoc Prof Dr Kulanthayan K.C. Mani, principal investigator – Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • KULANTHAYAN KC MANI, kulan@upm.edu.my

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