Diagnosis of Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy Among Infants and Children in Assuit University Children Hospital

Overview

The study will assess the diagnosis of Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infant and children in Assiut University Children Hospital using skin prick test and specific serum IgE

Full Title of Study: “Diagnosis of Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy Among Infants and Children in Assuit University”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: March 1, 2020

Detailed Description

Food allergy is a reproducible specific immune response to the exposure to a given food. Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is a clinically abnormal reaction to cow's milk protein (CMP) via immune mechanisms triggered by milk protein (Boyce etal., 2010) . According to the European Academy for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) and the World Allergy Organization (WAO), a hypersensitivity reaction to cow's milk involving the immune system can be called as CMPA.There is difference between CMPA and non-allergic cow's milk intolerance (e.glactose intolerance) which occurs as a result of lactase deficiency without involvement of the immune system (Venter etal ., 2013) . CMPA is categorized into immunoglobulin IgE mediated, non-IgE mediated, or mixed CMPA(Sichereretal ., 2001) . 1.9% to 4.9% prevalence of CMPA among children with a peak in prevalence (2-3%) in the first year of life and prevalence of <1% in children aged ≥6 years(Koletzkoetal ., 2012) .

Interventions

  • Diagnostic Test: skin prick test – specific serum IgE
    • The study will assess the diagnosis of Cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infant and children in Assiut University Children Hospital using skin prick test and specificserumIgE

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Diagnosis of cow’s milk protein allergy
    • Time Frame: baseline
    • The study will assess the diagnosis of Cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infant and children in Assiut University Children Hospital using skin prick test and specificserumIgE

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

1. age : from first day of life – 2 years 2. exclusively breast feeding,breast-fed infants with supplementary foods and non-breast-fed infants with supplementary foods who complain from either frequentregurgitation,vomiting,diarrhea,constipation)with/without perianal rash),bloodin stool or pallor. Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infant and child with gastrointestinal symptoms due to specific aetiology .

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: 2 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Assiut University
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Gamal Nady Rady Ibrahim, Assiut – Egypt – Assiut University
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Gamal N Rady, Bachelor, 01220108053, gamal.nady@yahoo.com

References

Celik-Bilgili S, Mehl A, Verstege A, Staden U, Nocon M, Beyer K, Niggemann B. The predictive value of specific immunoglobulin E levels in serum for the outcome of oral food challenges. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005 Mar;35(3):268-73.

Brill H. Approach to milk protein allergy in infants. Can Fam Physician. 2008 Sep;54(9):1258-64. Review.

Vandenplas Y, De Greef E, Devreker T. Treatment of Cow's Milk Protein Allergy. Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr. 2014 Mar;17(1):1-5. doi: 10.5223/pghn.2014.17.1.1. Epub 2014 Mar 31. Review.

Sicherer SH, Noone SA, Koerner CB, Christie L, Burks AW, Sampson HA. Hypoallergenicity and efficacy of an amino acid-based formula in children with cow's milk and multiple food hypersensitivities. J Pediatr. 2001 May;138(5):688-93.

Koletzko S, Niggemann B, Arato A, Dias JA, Heuschkel R, Husby S, Mearin ML, Papadopoulou A, Ruemmele FM, Staiano A, Schäppi MG, Vandenplas Y; European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. Diagnostic approach and management of cow's-milk protein allergy in infants and children: ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Aug;55(2):221-9. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31825c9482.

Venter C, Brown T, Shah N, Walsh J, Fox AT. Diagnosis and management of non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in infancy – a UK primary care practical guide. Clin Transl Allergy. 2013 Jul 8;3(1):23. doi: 10.1186/2045-7022-3-23.

NIAID-Sponsored Expert Panel, Boyce JA, Assa'ad A, Burks AW, Jones SM, Sampson HA, Wood RA, Plaut M, Cooper SF, Fenton MJ, Arshad SH, Bahna SL, Beck LA, Byrd-Bredbenner C, Camargo CA Jr, Eichenfield L, Furuta GT, Hanifin JM, Jones C, Kraft M, Levy BD, Lieberman P, Luccioli S, McCall KM, Schneider LC, Simon RA, Simons FE, Teach SJ, Yawn BP, Schwaninger JM. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: report of the NIAID-sponsored expert panel. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Dec;126(6 Suppl):S1-58. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2010.10.007.

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