Respiratory Microbiome and COPD Exacerbations (RESMECOPD)

Overview

The global objective of this coordinated project is to test the following hypotheses: 1) the lung microbiome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is different in patients suffering from frequent exacerbations (FE) compared those who do not (NE ); 2) The microbial profile of patients with FE is associated with a different local and systemic inflammatory pattern; and 3) the inflammatory and immune characteristics of COPD are modulated by the intestinal microbiome.

The project is based on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for sampling lung microbiome, and includes analysis of regional variability (intrapulmonary) and temporal variability. The project will also assess the correlation between BAL samples obtained from the proximal airway (oral cavity, oropharynx and sputum), and the representation of lung microbiome in them. A cohort of COPD patients (n = 50 FE; n = 50 NE) and healthy subjects (n= 30), matched by age, sex and tobacco consumption. Respiratory secretion samples will be collected in clinical stability samples, with resampling in a quarter of the participants at 6-9 months. Coordinator Project: Bacterial and fungal microbiota will be determined by 16S rRNA and ITS amplification and sequencing. Virome and functional metagenomics will be analyzed in a quarter of the participants. Subprojects: Regional variability in the lung, local and systemic inflammatory response, and the relationship between the intestinal microbiome and inflammatory and clinical characteristics of the disease will be determined. The integration of the results will be performed using network medicine methodologies. The results of this project will help to understand the pathogenesis of COPD and its exacerbations with the final aim to identify new therapeutic targets.

Full Title of Study: “Respiratory Microbiome and COPD Exacerbations”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational [Patient Registry]
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Prospective
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 31, 2018

Interventions

  • Other: Biomarkers
    • This is an observational study, there is no intervention

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • COPD and frequent exacerbation
    • Patient with COPD diagnosis and at least two exacerbations by year (FE)
  • COPD no frequent exacerbation
    • Patient with COPD diagnosis with no frequent exacerbation, less than 2 by year (NE).
  • Healthy (control)
    • Healthy volunteers patients (H)

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Respiratory Microbiome in COPD patients with FE and NE.
    • Time Frame: 7 days
    • Respiratory Microbiome composition will be determined by using metagenomic aproaches.

Secondary Measures

  • Bacteria related to pulmonary and systemic inflamatory factors (FE vs NE)
    • Time Frame: 7 days
    • Determination of pulmonary and systemic markers with ELISA kit. Microbiome will be determined by metagenomic techniques.
  • Longitudinal variability of respiratory microbiome in COPD patients (FE vs NE).
    • Time Frame: 12 months
    • Change of respiratory Microbiome (diversity and abundance)
  • Inmunological response of lung epithelial cells COPD patients after an infectious and inflammatory stimuli
    • Time Frame: 7 days
    • The in vitro response of epithelial cells will be determined with ELISA kits.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Spirometry: FEV1/FVC < 70%; FEV1 between 50 and 80% predicted (GOLD II/III)
  • Clinical Stability (no therapeutic change and/or use of antibiotics) during 8 weeks. The treatment received will be registered for post-hoc studies stratified by this condition.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Drug addiction, alcohol abuse,
  • Use of long-term oral or nebulised antibiotic therapy.
  • History of allergies, asthma or other chronic respiratory disease, sanitary worker, working exposure to dust or fumes.
  • Other diseases: Severe cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, renal, hepatic or gastrointestinal , that might interfere with the daily life activities.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 40 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Corporacion Parc Tauli
  • Collaborator
    • Hospital de Sant Pau
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Eduard Monsó-Molas, Head of Respiratory Medicine Department – Corporacion Parc Tauli
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Oriol Sibila, Principal Investigator, Hospital de Sant Pau
    • Rosa Faner, Principal Investigator, Hospital Clínic
    • Eduard Monso, Study Director, Hospital Parc Tauli
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Eduard Monso, 937231010, emonso@tauli.cat

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