Evaluate the Relationship Between Use of Albuterol Multidose Dry Powder Inhaler With an eModule (eMDPI) and Exacerbations in Participants With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Overview

This is a Phase 3B, 12-week, multicenter, open-label study to evaluate the relationship between as-needed usage of albuterol eMDPI and Clinical Exacerbation-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (CE-COPD) in adult participants at least 40 years of age with exacerbation-prone COPD.

Full Title of Study: “A 12-Week, Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Relationship Between Use of Albuterol eMDPI, an Inhaled Short-Acting Beta Agonist “Rescue” Agent With an eModule, and Exacerbations in Patients (40 Years of Age or Older) With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 17, 2018

Interventions

  • Drug: Albuterol sulfate (ABS)
    • ABS will be administered via eMDPI as per the dose and schedule specified in the arm.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: ABS eMDPI
    • Participants will receive 90 micrograms (mcg) of albuterol sulfate (ABS) via eMDPI (sitting on the upper part of the device for the purposes of detecting and storing usage information), 1 to 2 inhalations every 4 hours, as needed for 12 weeks. ABS eMDPI is a rescue/reliever agent that includes an eModule on top of the approved PROAIR RESPICLICK® inhaler. Participants will be allowed to continue use of other COPD and non-COPD medications as advised by their physician without changes unless deemed necessary by their physician.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Clinical Exacerbation of COPD (CE-COPD) Rate: Percentage of Participants Who Experienced at Least 1 Moderate or Severe CE-COPD
    • Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) to Week 12
    • CE-COPD was an occurrence of either severe CE-COPD or moderate CE-COPD. Severe CE-COPD was defined as an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with systemic corticosteroids (SCS; at least 10 milligrams [mg] prednisone equivalent above baseline) and/or systemic antibiotics and a hospitalization for CE COPD. Moderate CE-COPD was defined as an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline), and/or systemic antibiotics, and an unscheduled encounter (such as a phone call, an office visit, an urgent care visit, or an emergency care visit) for a CE-COPD, but not a hospitalization.
  • Total Number of Albuterol Inhalations in the Days Preceding the Symptom Peak of a CE-COPD Event
    • Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12
    • Severe CE-COPD: an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline) and/or systemic antibiotics and a hospitalization. Moderate CE-COPD: an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline), and/or systemic antibiotics, and an unscheduled encounter (such as a phone call, office visit, urgent care visit, or emergency care visit), but not a hospitalization. Total number of inhalations taken in 1 day(24-hour period on day prior to date of CE-COPD symptom peak) and at 3,5,7,10,14, and 21 days preceding the date of CE-COPD symptom peak were reported. If a participant experienced multiple CE-COPD events, number of inhalations preceding symptom peak of a subsequent event was counted since end of previous event. Average of inhalations of all events were presented.
  • Number of Days Prior to the Symptom Peak of a CE-COPD Event When Albuterol Use Increased
    • Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12
    • CE-COPD: occurrence of moderate or severe CE-COPD. Severe CE-COPD: an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline) and/or systemic antibiotics and a hospitalization. Moderate CE-COPD: an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline), and/or systemic antibiotics, and an unscheduled encounter (such as a phone call, an office visit, an urgent care visit, or an emergency care visit), but not a hospitalization. Number of days of increased albuterol use prior to the symptom peak of a CE-COPD was reported for first increase of daily albuterol use; 2 and 4 inhalations in a single day from baseline. increased daily albuterol use was defined as single-day increase of greater than (>) 20 percent (%) from baseline.
  • Number of Albuterol Uses in the 24 Hours Preceding a CE-COPD
    • Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12
    • CE-COPD referred to occurrence of moderate or severe CE-COPD. Severe CE-COPD was defined as an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline) and/or systemic antibiotics and a hospitalization for CE COPD. Moderate CE-COPD was defined as an event that involved worsening respiratory symptoms for at least 2 consecutive days requiring treatment with SCS (at least 10 mg prednisone equivalent above baseline), and/or systemic antibiotics, and an unscheduled encounter (such as a phone call, an office visit, an urgent care visit, or an emergency care visit) for a CE-COPD, but not a hospitalization. Number of albuterol inhalations used in the 24 hours preceding a moderate or severe CE-COPD was reported.

Secondary Measures

  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs)
    • Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 12
    • AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence that develops or worsens in severity during the conduct of a clinical study and does not necessarily have a causal relationship to the study drug. Severity was rated by investigator on a scale of mild, moderate and severe, with severe= an inability to carry out usual activities. Relation of AE to treatment was determined by investigator. SAEs included death, a life-threatening adverse event, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability or incapacity, a congenital anomaly or birth defect, or an important medical event that jeopardized the participant and required medical intervention to prevent 1 of the outcomes listed in this definition. A summary of serious and non-serious AEs regardless of causality is located in ‘Reported Adverse Events module’.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • The participant has had at least 1 episode of moderate or severe CE-COPD over the past 12 months before screening.
  • The participant must be able to demonstrate appropriate use of albuterol from the ABS eMDPI.
  • The participant is currently using a short-acting beta agonist (SABA) reliever plus at least one of the following: long-acting beta agonist (LABA), an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/LABA, a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA), or a LABA/LAMA.
  • The participant must be willing and able to comply with study requirements as specified in the protocol, including the use of a wearable accelerometer for the subset of participants who consent to use of the device.
  • The participant is willing to discontinue all other rescue or maintenance SABA or antimuscarinic agents and replace them with the study-provided ABS eMDPI for the duration of the trial.
  • Women of childbearing potential (not surgically sterile or greater than or equal to [≥]2 years postmenopausal) must have exclusively same-sex partners or use a highly effective method of birth control and must agree to continue the use of this method for the duration of the study and for 30 days after discontinuation of the investigational medicinal product (IMP).
  • Additional criteria apply, please contact the investigator for more information.

Exclusion Criteria

  • The participant has any clinically significant medical condition (treated or untreated) that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with participation in the study.
  • The participant has any other confounding underlying lung disorder other than COPD.
  • The participant has used an investigational drug within 5 half-lives of it being discontinued or within1 month of Visit 2 (Baseline [Day 1]), whichever is longer.
  • The participant is a pregnant or lactating woman, or plans to become pregnant during the study. Note: Any woman becoming pregnant during the study will be withdrawn from the study.
  • The participant is known to be allergic to albuterol or any of the excipients in the IMP or rescue medication formulation (that is, lactose [milk protein]). Dietary lactose intolerance does not exclude the participant from inclusion in the study or as per the investigator's medical discretion.
  • The participant has a history or presence of "silent" infections, including positive testing for human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis.
  • Additional criteria apply, please contact the investigator for more information.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 40 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Teva Medical Expert, MD, Study Director, Teva Pharmaceuticals USA

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