Performance and Safety of the Lotus™ Valve With a FLEXible Delivery System

Overview

To confirm the acute performance and safety of the Lotus™ Valve Flex System for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in symptomatic patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis who are considered high risk for surgical valve replacement.

Full Title of Study: “REPRISE II FLEX: Repositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve Through Implantation of LotuS™ ValvE With a FLEXible Delivery System – Confirmation of Performance and Safety”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 10, 2013

Detailed Description

This clinical study is a prospective, single-arm study designed to confirm that the acute performance and safety of the Lotus Valve Flex System for TAVR are consistent with the results of the Lotus Valve System in the REPRISE II study, when delivered and deployed in symptomatic subjects who have severe calcific aortic valve stenosis and who are at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR).

Interventions

  • Device: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement
    • TAVR with Lotus Valve Flex System

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Lotus Valve Flex System
    • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with Lotus Valve FLEX System

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Technical success
    • Time Frame: immediately post-procedure
    • defined as successful vascular access, delivery and deployment of the Lotus Valve and successful retrieval of the delivery system; and correct positioning of a single Lotus Valve in the proper anatomical location; reported as percent of subjects.

Secondary Measures

  • Mean aortic valve pressure gradient and effective orifice area
    • Time Frame: at discharge or 7 days post-procedure (whichever comes first)
    • as measured by echocardiography and assessed by an independent core laboratory
  • Device performance
    • Time Frame: at discharge or 7 days post-procedure (whichever comes first)
    • defined as successful repositioning of the Lotus Valve if repositioning is attempted; and successful retrieval of the Lotus Valve if retrieval is attempted; and grade of paravalvular aortic regurgitation, as measured by echocardiography and assessed by an independent core laboratory

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • 1. Subject is ≥70 years of age – 2. Subject has documented calcific native aortic valve stenosis with an initial aortic valve area (AVA) of <1.0 cm2 (or AVA index of <0.6 cm2/m2) and either a mean pressure gradient >40 mm Hg or a jet velocity >4 m/s, as measured by echocardiography – 3. Subject has a documented aortic annulus size between ≥20 and ≤27 mm based on pre-procedure diagnostic imaging – 4. Symptomatic aortic valve stenosis with NYHA Functional Class ≥ II – 5. Subject is considered high risk for surgical valve replacement based on at least one of the following: 1. Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score ≥8%, AND/OR 2. Agreement by the heart team (which must include an in-person evaluation by an experienced cardiac surgeon) that subject is at high operative risk of serious morbidity or mortality with surgical valve replacement – 6. Heart team (which must include an experienced cardiac surgeon) assessment that the subject is likely to benefit from valve replacement. – 7. Subject (or legal representative) understands the study requirements and the treatment procedures, and provides written informed consent. – 8. Subject, family member, and/or legal representative agree(s) and subject is capable of returning to the study hospital for all required scheduled follow up visits. Exclusion Criteria:

1. Subject has a congenital unicuspid or bicuspid aortic valve. 2. Subject with an acute myocardial infarction within 30 days of the index procedure (defined as Q-wave MI or non-Q-wave MI with total CK elevation ≥ twice normal in the presence of CK-MB elevation and/or troponin elevation). 3. Subject has had a cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within the past 6 months, or has any permanent neurologic defect prior to study enrollment. 4. Subject is on dialysis or has serum creatinine level >3.0 mg/dL or 265 µmol/L. 5. Subject has a pre-existing prosthetic heart valve (aortic or mitral) or a prosthetic ring in any position. 6. Subject has ≥3+ mitral regurgitation, ≥3+ aortic regurgitation or ≥3+ tricuspid regurgitation (i.e., subject cannot have more than moderate mitral, aortic or tricuspid regurgitation). 7. Subject has a need for emergency surgery for any reason. 8. Subject has a history of endocarditis within 12 months of index procedure or evidence of an active systemic infection or sepsis. 9. Subject has echocardiographic evidence of intra-cardiac mass, thrombus or vegetation. 10. Subject has Hgb <9 g/dL, platelet count <50,000 cells/mm3 or >700,000 cells/mm3, or white blood cell count <1,000 cells/mm3. 11. Subject requires chronic anticoagulation therapy (warfarin) and cannot tolerate concomitant therapy with either aspirin or clopidogrel. Note: Subjects who require chronic anticoagulation must be able to be treated additionally with either aspirin or clopidogrel. An alternative P2Y12 inhibitor may be prescribed if subject is allergic to or intolerant of clopidogrel. 12. Subject has active peptic ulcer disease or gastrointestinal bleed within the past 3 months, other bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy or will refuse transfusions. 13. Subject has known hypersensitivity to contrast agents that cannot be adequately pre-medicated, or has known hypersensitivity to aspirin, all thienopyridines, heparin, nickel, tantalum, titanium, or polyurethanes. 14. Subject has a life expectancy of less than 12 months due to non-cardiac, co-morbid conditions based on the assessment of the investigator at the time of enrollment. 15. Subject has hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. 16. Subject has any therapeutic invasive cardiac procedure (including balloon aortic valvuloplasty) within 30 days prior to the index procedure (except for pacemaker implantation which is allowed). 17. Subject has untreated coronary artery disease, which in the opinion of the treating physician is clinically significant and requires revascularization. 18. Subject has documented left ventricular ejection fraction <30%. 19. Subject is in cardiogenic shock or has hemodynamic instability requiring inotropic support or mechanical support devices. 20. Subject has severe peripheral vascular disease (including aneurysm defined as maximal luminal diameter >5 cm or with documented presence of thrombus, marked tortuosity, narrowing of the abdominal aorta, severe unfolding of the thoracic aorta or thick [>5 mm], protruding or ulcerated atheroma in the aortic arch) or symptomatic carotid or vertebral disease. 21. Femoral artery lumen of <6.0 mm for subjects requiring 23 mm valve size or <6.5 mm for subjects requiring 27 mm valve size, or severe iliofemoral tortuosity or calcification that would prevent safe placement of the introducer sheath. 22. Current problems with substance abuse (e.g., alcohol, etc.). 23. Subject is participating in another investigational drug or device study that has not reached its primary endpoint. 24. Subject has untreated conduction system disorder (e.g., Type II second degree atrioventricular block) that in the opinion of the treating physician is clinically significant and requires a pacemaker implantation.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 70 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Boston Scientific Corporation
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Ian T Meredith, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Monash

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