Cardiac REperfusion With Intralipid® at Reperfusion


This study will evaluate the benefit of Intralipid® or placebo administered prior to reperfusion to limit ischemia reperfusion injury as measured by the geometric mean difference of the release of troponin I over 72 hours after coronary artery bypass.

Full Title of Study: “Randomised Control Study on Cardiac Protection With Intralipid® in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting on Cardiopulmonary Bypass”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 2018

Detailed Description

A single center randomised control study on cardiac protection with INTRALIPD in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass. Purpose and objectives: Reperfusion after coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with a modifiable leak in cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) secondary to ischemia reperfusion injury. The purpose of the study is to test whether INTRALIPID administered at reperfusion can limit myocardial reperfusion injury as measured by cTnI release in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Trial design: This study is a prospective single centre double blind placebo controlled randomised trial. Sample size: 30 Adult Male and Female Patients Investigational drug(s): INTRALIPID 20% Fresenius Kabi (SA) Registration Number: K/25.2/316 Formulation: IV Solution Strength: 20% (200mg/ml) Modified Ringer's Lactate Fresenius Kabi (SA) Registration Number: C/24/218 Formulation: IV Solution Dose for both drugs: 1.5 ml/kg Administration: IV Bolus through CVP Blood sampling and tissue biopsies: cTnI will be sampled at fixed time points, baseline 1, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery. The first biopsy will be done prior to cardioplegic arrest and the second biopsy will be done 5 minutes after reperfusion. Safety assessments: The safety of the interventions will be monitored routinely for all patients and these will focus on: 1. Changes in the lipid profile after Intralipid 2. Coagulation as measured by ACT, TEG and PFA 3. Oxygenation with Arterial Blood Gas monitoring 4. Hemodynamic monitoring and echocardiography 5. Lipid interference with laboratory measurements. The laboratory will be informed on specimen preparation to avoid interference with instruments 6. Post operative hemodynamic Intensive Care Unit Monitoring Measurement will be reported on all safety monitoring and will be considered adverse events where the measured parameter results are out of range from the laboratory references. Efficacy assessments. Primary endpoint: The efficacy of the drug will be determined by the geometric mean (95% CI) difference in the AUC of the cTnI concentration calculated according to the trapezoid rule. Secondary End Point: Exploring the molecular mechanism involved in cardiac protection by analyzing tissue sample differences in the phosphorylation cytoplasmic protein kinase.


  • Drug: Intralipid 20%
    • Single intravenous bolus dose of 1.5 ml/kg over 3 minutes
  • Drug: Modified Ringers Lactate
    • Single intravenous bolus dose of 1.5 ml/kg over 3 minutes

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Intralipid 20%
    • Intravenous single bolus of 1.5 ml/kg of Intralipid 20% over 3 minutes.
  • Placebo Comparator: Modified Ringers Lactate
    • Intravenous single bolus of 1.5 ml/kg of MRL over 3 minutes.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Comparison of the serum Troponin I Leak over 72 hours
    • Time Frame: Over 72 hours
    • The primary endpoint will be assessed by the geometric mean (95% CI) difference between the protocol and control groups of the area under the curve for the cTnI concentration in serum over 72 hours (sampled at 1, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours) calculated according to the trapezoid rule.

Secondary Measures

  • Signaling Pathways of intralipid induced cardiac protection
    • Time Frame: 5 minutes after reperfusion
    • Two right atrial and two left ventricular biopsies will be collected before cardioplegia and the second will be collected 5 minutes prior to reperfusion. These will be used to compare the activation of signalling protein between the groups.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • First time elective isolated CABG – Ejection Fraction greater the 40 by echocardiography or subjectively judged as preserved or good by ventriculography. – Male and female adults between 18 and 65 years of age. – Women must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening. – Body mass Index (BMI) between 21 and 35 kg/m2. – Baseline clinical laboratory tests at screening within the reference ranges Exclusion Criteria:

  • Received an investigational drug or participated in another research trial within 30 days before the first dose of trial drug or at any time throughout the trial. – Evidence of current or history of clinically significant oncologic, pulmonary, hepatic with elevated liver functions enzymes 1.5* Upper Limit of Normal (ULN), cardiovascular, haematologic, metabolic, neurological, immunologic, nephrologic, endocrine particularly Diabetes Mellitus as defined by the American Diabetic Association, psychiatric disease, or clinically significant current infection. – Patients with renal impairment with a creatinine greater than 200 μmol/L – Evidence of current or history of clinically significant gastrointestinal (excluding appendectomy, cholecystectomy) disease. – Myocardial infarction within the previous 2 weeks. – Patients who require inotropic or mechanical cardiac support prior to anaesthesia. – Contraindication to the trial drugs Previous Hypertriglyceridemia pancreatitis. Hypertriglyceridemia with plasma triglyceride levels > 5.7mmol/L Egg, peanut and soybean allergy.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Nkanyiso Hadebe
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor-Investigator: Nkanyiso Hadebe, Dr – University of Cape Town
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Nkanyiso E Hadebe, MBBCh, Study Chair, University of Cape
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Nkanyiso E Hadebe, MBBCh, 0769154990,

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