The Influence of Motor Imagery in Fine Motor Skills

Overview

The main purpose of this study is to ascertain whether the application of Motor Imagery together with normal practice improves fine motor skills in disabled individuals.

Full Title of Study: “The Influence of Motor Imagery in Fine Motor Skills of Individuals With Disabilities”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: February 2015

Detailed Description

Imagery is a cognitive process that can play an important role on the planning and execution of different movements or actions. The main purpose of this study is to ascertain whether the application of Motor Imagery together with normal practice improves fine motor skills in disabled individuals. In this study participated 42 subjects of both genders with disabilities, with a mean age of 37 (SD=12). Subjects were randomly divided in two groups: a control group and an experimental one. The study procedures were applied on five different tasks of the Psychomotor Battery of fine motor skills (BPM). This instrument was applied in two stages, at the beginning of the study (pretest) and at the end of the 4 weeks (posttest). Both groups performed the tasks twice a week for a month. Motor imagery sessions were added on in the experimental group. Participants on the experimental group were asked to mentally imagine themselves recreating tasks they had performed earlier on the initial assessment. For the analysis of the results, descriptive and inferential statistics were used. The T-test for independent samples, and the T-test for paired samples were applied.

Interventions

  • Behavioral: Motor Imagery + Psychomotor Battery of fine motor skills
    • Subjects were randomly divided in two groups: a control group and an experimental one. The study procedures were applied on five different tasks of the Psychomotor Battery of fine motor skills (BPM). This instrument was applied in two stages, at the beginning of the study (pretest) and at the end of the 4 weeks (posttest). Both groups performed the tasks twice a week for a month. Motor imagery sessions were added on in the experimental group. Participants on the experimental group were asked to mentally imagine themselves recreating tasks they had performed earlier on the initial assessment.
  • Behavioral: Psychomotor Battery of fine motor skills Practice
    • Subjects were randomly divided in two groups: in the control group were applied on five different tasks of the Psychomotor Battery of fine motor skills (BPM). This instrument was applied in two stages, at the beginning of the study (pretest) and at the end of the 4 weeks (posttest). Both groups performed the tasks twice a week for a month.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Motor Imagery + Psychomotor Battery of fine motor skills
    • Application of Motor Imagery together with normal practice improves fine motor skills in disabled individuals.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Fine Motor Skill evaluated with Bateria Psicomotora (BPM)
    • Time Frame: 16 weeks

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • institutionalized individuals
  • individuals with disabilities who were able to perform motor tasks

Exclusion Criteria

  • individuals with hearing disability
  • individuals with visual disability
  • individuals without motor autonomy

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 68 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Pedro Alexandre Duarte Mendes, Phd – Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Pedro AD Mendes, Phd, Principal Investigator, Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco

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