This is a phase II, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial. Study objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of mirtazapine in advanced NSCLC patients with malignant tumor related depression. Study hypothesis is that advanced NSCLC diagnosed with depression undertaking palliative chemotherapy with mirtazapine treatment for 8 weeks will have remarkable improvement in depression compared to baseline. Eligible advanced NSCLC Patients with PHQ-9 score ≥ 8, and undertaking palliative chemotherapy will be enrolled into this study. patients will be stratified (gender, age, Numerical Rating Scale score for cancer pain 0-3/4-6/7-10) randomized (1:1) into mirtazapine or placebo treatment. Patients in mirtazapine arm will be orally administered with mirtazapine 15mg, QD, consecutive medication for 8 weeks; along with palliative chemotherapy regimen decided by investigators. Patients in placebo arm will be orally administered with placebo 15mg, QD, consecutive medication for 8 weeks; along with palliative chemotherapy regimen decided by investigators. During the treatment, Patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-17) and European Organization for Research on Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire-C30 (QLQ-C30) questionnaires will be collected at baseline, 3 weeks (d22) and 8 weeks (d57), or treatment discontinuation date due to depression deteriorated or suicidal tendency and behavior. Follow-up will last up to 4 weeks after treatment end with depression assessment (questionnaires every 2 weeks). Study endpoints: primary endpoint is the anti-depression efficacy (response rate). Response defined as the PHQ-9 or HAMD-17 questionnaire score decrease ≥ 50% compared with baseline level.
Full Title of Study: “Efficacy and Safety Analyses of Mirtazapine in the Treatment of Malignant Tumor Related Depression: A Phase II, Placebo-controlled, Randomized, Double-blinded Clinical Trial in Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
- Study Primary Completion Date: June 2018
Major depression prevail in patients with malignant tumor with an incident rate of 20% – 40%, 2-3 times more than the prevalence of population, especially high in patients with advanced solid tumor patients as 40% – 50.6%. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) palliative care guideline recommended PHQ-9 as the diagnosis tool for depression, total scores ≥ 8 was considered the standard of malignant tumor related depression. Major depression had been proved related with malignant tumors, mirtazapine is the currently effective drug in anti-depression clinical therapy, have better tolerance and equal effect compared to Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) or noradrenaline serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (NE-SNRIs).
This is a phase II, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial. Study objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of mirtazapine in advanced NSCLC patients with malignant tumor related depression. Study hypothesis is that advanced NSCLC diagnosed with depression undertaking palliative chemotherapy with mirtazapine treatment for 8 weeks will have remarkable improvement in depression compared to baseline. Palliative chemotherapy and mirtazapine have better efficacy, recovery rate, response duration, tolerance and quality of life improvement than palliative chemotherapy and placebo. Moreover, mirtazapine could improve patients' anxiety and chemotherapy related nausea and vomit.
Eligible advanced NSCLC Patients with PHQ-9 score ≥ 8, and undertaking palliative chemotherapy will be enrolled into this study. After baseline assessment (PHQ-9, HAMD-17 and EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaires), 236 patients will be stratified (gender, age, NRS score for cancer pain 0-3/4-6/7-10) randomized (1:1) into mirtazapine or placebo treatment. Patients in mirtazapine arm will be orally administered with mirtazapine 15mg, QD, consecutive medication for 8 weeks; along with palliative chemotherapy regimen decided by investigators. Patients in placebo arm will be orally administered with placebo 15mg, QD, consecutive medication for 8 weeks; along with palliative chemotherapy regimen decided by investigators. During the treatment, PHQ-9, HAMD-17 and EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaires will be collected at 3 weeks (d22) and 8 weeks (d57), or treatment discontinuation date due to depression deteriorated or suicidal tendency and behavior. Follow-up will last up to 4 weeks after treatment end with depression assessment (questionnaires every 2 weeks). If anti-depression therapy is not effective after 8 weeks treatment or treatment discontinuation, patients will be unblinded and receive other treatment according to investigators. Treatment end at 8 weeks.
Study endpoints: primary endpoint is the anti-depression efficacy (response rate). Response defined as the PHQ-9 or HAMD-17 questionnaire score decrease ≥ 50% compared with baseline level. Secondary endpoints included: 1.recovery rate, recovery defined as the PHQ-9 score less than 8 points. 2. Response duration, defined as the time period from treatment response to regression recurrence (PHQ-9 score ascending above baseline level). 3. Quality of life improvement, define as the best quality of life score minus baseline level. 4. Compliance to anti-depression therapy, defined as the medication count at each follow-up time points.
- Drug: Mirtazapine
- Patients in mirtazapine arm will be orally administered mirtazapine as an anti-depression therapy; along with palliative chemotherapy.
- Drug: Placebo
- Patients in placebo arm will be orally administered placebo; along with palliative chemotherapy.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Experimental: mirtazapine
- Mirtazapine arm will be orally administered with mirtazapine 15mg, QD, consecutive medication for 8 weeks; along with palliative chemotherapy regimen decided by investigators.
- Placebo Comparator: Placebo
- Placebo arm will be orally administered with placebo 15mg, QD, consecutive medication for 8 weeks; along with palliative chemotherapy regimen decided by investigators.
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Number of participants responded to treatment.
- Time Frame: baseline, and 3 weeks (d22), and 8 weeks (d57), and follow-up (d71, d85)
- Using PHQ-9 or HAMD-17 questionnaire to assess the change of depression scores at the time points above. The measure unit is questionnaire score point, remain the same at every time points. And to calculate response number of patients (patients had 50% percent of depression questionnaire score points reduction compared to baseline after treatment initiation) and recovery number of patients (patients had PHQ-9 score less than 8 points PHQ-9 score less than 8 points during the treatment).
- Response duration
- Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented regression recurrence, assessed up to 12 weeks”
- Regression recurrence defined as PHQ-9 score ascending above baseline level.
- Number of participants had quality of life improvement
- Time Frame: baseline, and 3 weeks (d22), and 8 weeks (d57), and follow-up (d71, d85)
- Using EORTC QLQ-C30 (V3.0) to assess the quality of life change at the time points above. The measure unit is questionnaire score point, remain the same at every time points. And to calculate improved number of patients (patients had quality of life questionnaire score points gained compared to baseline after treatment initiation)
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- Pathology confirmed non-small cell lung cancer, undertaking palliative chemotherapy
- Age above 18 years old
- PHQ-9 score ≥ 8 points at baseline assessment
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score 0 -2
- Orally administration of drugs without difficulties
- Eligible bone marrow function, liver and kidney function for chemotherapy
- Pregnancy test negative in 7 days for women of child-bearing age; willing to take contraception measures.
- Signed Informed consent form (ICF)
- Clinical diagnosis of depression before advanced NSCLC confirmed
- Suicide tendency or behavior
- Mania in past medical history
- Received surgery or radiation therapy in 4 weeks
- Central nervous system (CNS) metastasis or spinal compression; except no symptoms and with no cortical hormonotherapy in 4 weeks.
- Systemically treatment with psychotropic medications, antihistamines drugs, antibiotics, cortical hormone therapy, antiepileptic drugs, immunosuppressive agents or other drugs might affect treatment in 4 weeks; or locally used of these drug in 2 weeks.
- AST or ALT ≥ 2.5 ULN without liver metastasis; or ≥ 5 ULN with liver metastasis.
- Serum creatinine ≥ 2 mg/dl
- Residual toxicity event ≥ CTCAE grade 2, except peripheral neurotoxicities.
- Any severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases judged by investigators.
- Any contraindication of mirtazapine.
- Invalid subject after randomization
- Major protocol violations judged by investigators.
- Poor compliance
- Intolerable adverse events
- Subject withdraw ICF
- Any pregnancy events
- No clinical benefits due to clinical adverse events, laboratory abnormalities or other medical conditions
- Other reasons of treatment discontinuation judged by investigators.
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Maximum Age: N/A
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No
- Lead Sponsor
- Sun Yat-sen University
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Principal Investigator: Li Zhang, M.D. and Professor – Sun Yat-sen University
- Overall Official(s)
- Li Zhang, professor, Principal Investigator, Sun Yat-sen University
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