Finasteride Treatment of Severe Nodulocystic Acne

Overview

Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of once weekly, high dose oral finasteride compared to placebo for the treatment of severe nodulocystic acne in male subjects.

Full Title of Study: “A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Dose-Ranging Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Once Weekly High Dose Oral Finasteride in the Treatment of Severe Nodulocystic Acne”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 6, 2017

Detailed Description

There will be 180 male subjects in this study. The study is composed of a Screening Period of up to 30 days during which inclusion / exclusion criteria will be reviewed, screening laboratory results will be obtained and medication washouts will be done as required. Subjects will complete the sexual function questionnaire and depression scale. A one day Baseline Period (Day 0), during which baseline assessments of acne lesion counts, physical examination and Investigator's Global Assessment Scale will be done. The Baseline Period will be followed by a 12-week randomized double-blind Treatment Period, in which subjects will be randomized into Finasteride 23.5 mg group, 33.5 mg group, or placebo group. During the Treatment Period, subjects will visit the study site Day 14, Day 28, and Day 56 for acne lesion counts and review of diaries, concomitant medications and adverse events. On Day 84 subjects will return to clinic for acne lesion counts and review of diaries, concomitant medications, adverse events and remaining study drug will be counted and collected. A physical exam and vital signs, Investigator Global Assessment, Subject Assessment of Efficacy, depression scale and sexual function questionnaire will be completed before the subject is discharged from the study.

Interventions

  • Drug: Finasteride 23.5 mg tablets
  • Drug: Finasteride 33.5 mg tablets
  • Drug: Placebo tablets

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Finasteride 23.5 mg tablets group
    • Finasteride 23.5mg tablets and large placebo tablets once per week
  • Active Comparator: Finasteride 33.5 mg tablets group
    • Finasteride 33.5 mg tablets and small placebo tablets once per week
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo group
    • Large and small placebo tablets once per week

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Acne Nodular Lesion Count
    • Time Frame: 12 Weeks
    • Change from Baseline to week 12 in the total number of nodular lesions

Secondary Measures

  • Proportion of Subjects who achieve at least a 75% reduction in total number of nodular lesions
    • Time Frame: 12 Weeks
    • Change from Baseline to week 12 in the total number of nodular lesions
  • Investigator’s Global Assessment Scale of Acne Severity
    • Time Frame: 12 Weeks
    • Change from Baseline to week 12
  • Non-Inferiority (NI) for non-nodulocystic inflammatory lesions
    • Time Frame: 12 Weeks
    • The NI bound will be larger of 10% reduction or a count of 4 lesions.
  • Change in total number of nodular lesions.
    • Time Frame: 2, 4, and 8 weeks
    • Change from baseline to weeks 2, 4 and 8.
  • Proportion of subjects with 2 category improvement on Investigator’s Global Assessment Scale
    • Time Frame: 12 Weeks
    • Change from Baseline to week 12

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

1. Subject voluntarily agrees to participate in this study and signs an IRB-approved informed consent prior to performing any of the screening procedures. 2. Males 18 years to 35 years of age. 3. Except for severe nodulocystic acne, subject is in generally good health. 4. Ten (10) or more nodular lesions (facial and/or truncal). 5. Weight between 40 and 110 kg. 6. No significant disease or clinically significant finding in a physical examination. 7. No clinically significant abnormal laboratory value. 8. No clinically significant abnormal vital sign measurement. 9. Subject is able to swallow pills. 10. Subject agrees to use a medically acceptable form of barrier-method contraception (e.g. condoms with spermicide or abstinence). 11. Subject is willing and able to cooperate to the extent required by the protocol. Exclusion Criteria:

1. Female subjects will be excluded from the study. 2. Subject with acne conglobata, acne fulminans, secondary acne (chloracne, drug-induced acne, etc.), pyoderma faciale, sinus tracks. 3. Subject with a wash out period from Baseline for topical treatment on the skin less than: Corticosteroids, antibiotics, antibacterials, antiseptics, retinoids, other anti-inflammatory drugs or other acne treatment (2 weeks); Cosmetic procedures (1 week); Photodynamic therapy and laser therapy for acne (3 months). 4. Subject with a washout period from Baseline for systemic treatment less than: Corticosteroids, antibiotics (4 weeks), spironolactone (3 months), other systemic acne treatments (6 months), cyproterone acetate (6 months), lithium, anticonvulsants, barbiturates, androgenic and anabolic steroids, testosterone, estrogen, anti-tuberculous drugs, cyclosporine, and azathioprine (6 months), surgical treatment of acne (12 months), finasteride or other 5α-reductase inhibitors (12 months). (Table 2) 5. Subjects with current or history of prostatic disease including benign prostatic hypertrophy, or surgery on prostate. 6. Known history or presence of any clinically significant unstable medical condition(s) which in the opinion of the investigator could pose a risk for the safety of the subject, e.g. diabetes, cardiovascular, liver or kidney disease. 7. Subjects with any skin disease or other condition that might interfere with the evaluation of nodular acne. 8. Known history or suspected carcinoma. 9. Allergy to finasteride or any other ingredients in the study medications. 10. Subjects with history in past 12 months of active addiction, abuse, misuse and/or dependence on drugs or alcohol. 11. Use of investigational drug within 90 days prior to Day 1

Gender Eligibility: Male

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 35 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Elorac, Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Scott B. Phillips, MD, Study Director, Elorac, Inc.

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