The Effects of Ventilation Tubes – The SIUTIT Trial

Overview

The prevalence of otitis media among Greenlandic children is one of the highest in the world and twenty per cent of schoolchildren have impaired hearing in the frequencies for normal speech. Yet, there are no national guidelines to ensure prevention and treatment of recurrent acute otitis media and chronic otitis media with effusion and impaired hearing in Greenlandic children. International studies from the developed part of the world have shown that otitis prone children may benefit from tubulation of the tympanic membrane. However, it is unknown if these results can be applied to Greenlandic children.

This PhD project will conduct a randomised controlled trial comparing tubulation of the tympanic membrane, in Greenlandic children aged 9-36 months with recurrent acute otitis media and/or chronic otitis media with effusion, to conservative treatment. The children will be followed for two years. Outcome measures will include number of visits to health clinics, number of tympanic membrane perforations, number of episodes with acute otitis media according to medical records, Quality of life, measured by the validated questionnaires OM6 and Caregiver Impact Questionnaire, number of episodes where per oral or intravenous antibiotics have been administered according to medical records and serious adverse events

The trial will be conducted in collaboration with the Greenlandic health authorities and Copenhagen Trial Unit.

With this trial the investigators hope to decrease the number of episodes with acute otitis media, the number of Greenlandic children with chronic perforations of the tympanic membrane and hearing impairment and increase quality of life.

The results will add important knowledge to the effect of ventilation tube treatment also in an international aspect. There are to date only less than a handful of high quality studies concerning this issue on an international basis. The study will be among the first addressing this problem among populations with high risk of otitis media and is also of interest to other indigenous populations and the developing part of the world.

Full Title of Study: “The Effects of Ventilation Tubes Versus no Ventilation Tubes for Recurrent Acute Otitis Media or Chronic Otitis Media With Effusion in 9 to 36 Month Old Greenlandic Children – a Randomised Clinical Trial”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: August 2020

Interventions

  • Device: Ventilation tube treatment
    • Tympanostomy

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Ventilation tube treatment
    • Ventilation tube insertion in the tympanic membrane
  • No Intervention: Conservative treatment
    • Conventional treatment

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Number of visits to health clinic
    • Time Frame: Two years after randomisation
    • Assessed by investigating medical records.

Secondary Measures

  • Number of episodes of acute otitis media
    • Time Frame: Two years after randomisation
    • According to medical records
  • Quality of life
    • Time Frame: Assessed at baseline, three months after randomisation, one year after randomisation, and at the end of the trial two years after randomisation
    • Measured by validated questionnaires OM6 and Caregiver Impact Questionnaire
  • Number of episodes where per oral or intravenous antibiotics have been administered
    • Time Frame: Two years after randomisation
    • According to medical records
  • Proportion of children with uni- or bilateral tympanic membrane perforations
    • Time Frame: Two years after randomisation
    • Based on otoscopical photos, which will be anonymised and evaluated by an ENT-specialist without knowledge of the intervention

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Children aged 9-36 months.
  • Children with at least one Greenlandic born parent with at least one Greenlandic born parent
  • American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status classification class 1 and 2
  • B- or C2 – type curve measured by tympanometry at two visits three-four months apart or three episodes of acute otitis media in six months according to medical records or four episodes of acute otitis media in 12 months according to medical records
  • Signed informed consent, signed by the legal guardian Exclusion criteria
  • Children with orofacial cleft, Downs syndrome or known generalised immune deficiency
  • American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status classification class > 2.
  • Lack of signed informed consent, signed by the legal guardian.

Description of experimental and control intervention Experimental intervention: The intervention group will be treated with bilateral Donaldson ventilation tubes administered in general anaesthesia Control intervention: The control intervention is based on the current practice in Greenland, which includes systemic antibiotic treatment as well as aural toilette and topical antibiotics. Ventilation tube insertion during the study period is not accepted in the control group.

Children in the intervention group as well as the control group will be seen once a year by the visiting ear-nose-and throat (ENT)-specialist and have a final consultation after at least two years after randomisation.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 9 Months

Maximum Age: 36 Months

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Zealand University Hospital
  • Collaborator
    • Government of Greenland, Agency for Health and Prevention
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Malene Nøhr Demant, MD, PhD-student – Zealand University Hospital
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Malene N Demant, MD, Principal Investigator, Køge University Hospital
    • Preben Homoe, MD, PhD, Study Director, Køge University Hospital
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Malene N Demant, MD, +4530241425, siutit@peqqik.gl

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.