Dancing for Better Aging: Evaluating the Impact of a Dance/Movement Therapy (D/MT) Program for Older Adults

Overview

The aim of this study is to empirically evaluate the impact of a Dance/Movement Therapy program adapted to older adults. Participants over 60 years old are enrolled in one of three groups: Dance/Movement Therapy, Aerobic Exercise or Waiting List (control group) for 12 weeks. The training groups occur 3 times a week for 1 hour each session. Physical condition, cognitive function, general health and lifestyle, and stress hormones are assessed at baseline, after 12 weeks and after 28 weeks.

Full Title of Study: “Dancing for Better Aging: Evaluating the Impact of a Dance/Movement Therapy Program for Older Adults Through an Empirical Research Approach”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 2016

Interventions

  • Other: Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT)
    • Each DMT session follows a similar structure of Opening, Warm up, Development, Cool Down and Closure. Various themes dedicated to an aging population are addressed by the supervising dance/movement therapist through movement activities and using support material (i.e., props, music). This group is provided in a group setting of maximum 10 participants at a time and occurs 3 times per week for 1 hour each session over the course of 12 weeks.
  • Other: Aerobics Exercise (AE)
    • The aerobics exercise program is composed of warm up exercises followed by cardiovascular training on a recumbent bicycle. The intensity is set and progressively increased using each participants’ individualized maximal aerobic power obtained in the baseline VO2 evaluation. This program respects the recommendations made by the American College of Sports Medicine and their adaptations for aging populations. Each session is supervised by a kinesiologist with 2 participants at a time. The training occurs 3 times per week for 1 hour each session over the course of 12 weeks.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT)
  • Active Comparator: Aerobics Exercise (AE)
  • No Intervention: Waiting List
    • This group is placed on a waiting list and asked to refrain from making any changes to their current lifestyle.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Z-score change on Cognitive Functioning
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Assessment of executive functions, processing speed and memory

Secondary Measures

  • Z-score change on Psychological Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • SF-12
  • Z-score change on Psychological Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Lubbens Social Network Scale
  • Z-score change on Psychological Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Mental Health Continuum
  • Z-score change on Psychological Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile
  • Z-score change on Psychological Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
  • Z-score change on Psychological Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Depression Scale
  • Z-score change on Dietary Screener Questionnaire
    • Time Frame: 0,12 and 28 weeks
  • Z-score change on Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)
    • Time Frame: 0,12 and 28 weeks
  • Z-score change on Brief Pain Inventory
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
  • Z-score change on International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence ( ICIQ-UI)
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Urinary Incontinence
  • Z-score change on Physical Functioning
    • Time Frame: 0,12 and 28 weeks
    • Timed up and go
  • Z-score change on Physical Functioning
    • Time Frame: 0,12 and 28 weeks
    • 10m walk
  • Z-score change on Physical Functioning
    • Time Frame: 0,12 and 28 weeks
    • Grip strength
  • Z-score change on Physical Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • VO2 peak
  • Z-score change on Physical Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Bone density scanning (DEXA)
  • Z-score change on Physical Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • BMI
  • Z-score change on Physical Condition
    • Time Frame: 0, 12 and 28 weeks
    • Rockport walking aerobic fitness test
  • Z-score change on Physical Condition
    • Time Frame: 0,12 and 28 weeks
    • Anthropometric measures composite

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • aged 60 years and older – sedentary or moderately sedentary (less than 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise per week) – have not participated in another similar study in the last year – have not been exposed to a dance or dance/movement therapy program in the past year – are not in a wheelchair – have not had surgery in the past year – have not smoked in the past 5 years – do not consume more than 2 glasses a day of alcohol – are not in treatment for major depression Exclusion Criteria:

  • progressive neurological disorder – unstable medical conditions (unstable cardio illness in the past 6 months, cardiac or thyroid troubles or pituitary gland illness) – contraindication for moderate physical activity (major orthopaedic limitations) – suspicion of cognitive problems (score of 24 or less on the Mini-Mental State Examination) – large uncorrected perceptual limits – treatment of hormone therapy – uncontrolled hearing loss

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 60 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Centre de Recherche de l’Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Louis Bherer, Researcher and Director of the Cognitive Health and Aging Research Lab (LESCA) – Centre de Recherche de l’Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal

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