Phase III Open Label First Line Therapy Study of MEDI 4736 (Durvalumab) With or Without Tremelimumab Versus SOC in Non Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).

Overview

This is a randomized, open-label, multi-center, global, Phase III study to determine the efficacy and safety of MEDI4736 + tremelimumab combination therapy and MEDI4736 monotherapy versus platinum-based SoC chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) wild-type locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC

Full Title of Study: “A Phase III Randomized, Open-Label, Multi-Center, Global Study of MEDI4736 in Combination With Tremelimumab Therapy or MEDI4736 Monotherapy Versus Standard of Care Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in First Line Treatment of Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Non Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (MYSTIC)”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 4, 2018

Detailed Description

Patients will be randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive treatment with MEDI4736 + tremelimumab combination therapy, MEDI4736 monotherapy, or Standard of Care (SoC) therapy.

Interventions

  • Biological: MEDI4736 (Durvalumab)
  • Biological: MEDI4736 (Durvalumab)+Tremelimumab
  • Drug: Paclitaxel + Carboplatin
    • Chemotherapy Agents
  • Drug: Gemcitabine + Cisplatin
    • Chemotherapy Agents
  • Drug: Gemcitabine + Carboplatin
    • Chemotherapy Agents
  • Drug: Pemetrexed + Cisplatin
    • Chemotherapy Agents
  • Drug: Pemetrexed + Carboplatin
    • Chemotherapy Agents
  • Biological: Tremelimumab

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Monotherapy
    • PD-L1 monoclonal Antibody monotherapy.
  • Experimental: Combination Therapy
    • PD-L1+Tremelimumab combination therapy
  • Active Comparator: Standard of Care
    • Standard of Care chemotherapy treatment

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Overall Survival (OS); PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population, Durvalumab Monotherapy Vs SoC Chemotherapy and Durvalumab + Tremelimumab Vs SoC Chemotherapy
    • Time Frame: From baseline (Day 1, Week 0) until death due to any cause, assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The OS was defined as the time from the date of randomization until death due to any cause (ie, date of death or censoring – date of randomization + 1). Any participant not known to have died at the time of analysis were censored based on the last recorded date on which the participant was known to be alive. Median OS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS); PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population, Durvalumab + Tremelimumab Vs SoC Chemotherapy
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) using blinded independent central review (BICR) assessments was defined as the time from the date of randomization until the date of objective disease progression or death (by any cause in the absence of progression) regardless of whether the participant withdraw from randomized therapy or received another anti-cancer therapy prior to progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). Progressive disease (PD) was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions (TLs) and an absolute increase of at least 5 millimeter (mm), taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters since treatment started including the baseline sum of diameters. Median PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.

Secondary Measures

  • OS; PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population, Durvalumab + Tremelimumab Vs Durvalumab Monotherapy
    • Time Frame: From baseline until death due to any cause, assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The OS was defined as the time from the date of randomization until death due to any cause (ie, date of death or censoring – date of randomization + 1). Any participant not known to have died at the time of analysis were censored based on the last recorded date on which the participant was known to be alive. Median OS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • OS; PD-L1 (TC >=1%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: From baseline until death due to any cause, assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The OS was defined as the time from the date of randomization until death due to any cause (ie, date of death or censoring – date of randomization + 1). Any participant not known to have died at the time of analysis were censored based on the last recorded date on which the participant was known to be alive. Median OS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • OS; FAS Population
    • Time Frame: From baseline until death due to any cause, assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The OS was defined as the time from the date of randomization until death due to any cause (ie, date of death or censoring – date of randomization + 1). Any participant not known to have died at the time of analysis were censored based on the last recorded date on which the participant was known to be alive. Median OS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • PFS; PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population, Durvalumab Monotherapy Vs SoC Chemotherapy and Durvalumab + Tremelimumab Vs Durvalumab Monotherapy
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the time from the date of randomization until the date of objective disease progression or death (by any cause in the absence of progression) regardless of whether the participant withdraw from randomized therapy or received another anti-cancer therapy prior to progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). The PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of TLs and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters since treatment started including the baseline sum of diameters. Median PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • PFS; PD-L1 (TC >=1%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the time from the date of randomization until the date of objective disease progression or death (by any cause in the absence of progression) regardless of whether the participant withdraw from randomized therapy or received another anti-cancer therapy prior to progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). The PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of TLs and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters since treatment started including the baseline sum of diameters. Median PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • PFS; FAS Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the time from the date of randomization until the date of objective disease progression or death (by any cause in the absence of progression) regardless of whether the participant withdraw from randomized therapy or received another anti-cancer therapy prior to progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). The PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of TLs and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters since treatment started including the baseline sum of diameters. Median PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • Objective Response Rate (ORR); PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The ORR per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the percentage of participants with at least 1 visit response of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR). The CR was defined as disappearance of all TLs (any pathological lymph nodes selected as TLs must have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm) and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs (taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters as long as criteria for PD are not met).
  • ORR; PD-L1 (TC >=1%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The ORR per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the percentage of participants with at least 1 visit response of CR or PR. The CR was defined as disappearance of all TLs (any pathological lymph nodes selected as TLs must have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm) and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs (taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters as long as criteria for PD are not met).
  • ORR; FAS Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The ORR per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the percentage of participants with at least 1 visit response of CR or PR. The CR was defined as disappearance of all TLs (any pathological lymph nodes selected as TLs must have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm) and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs (taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters as long as criteria for PD are not met).
  • Duration of Response (DoR); PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The DoR per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the time from the date of first documented response until the first date of documented progression or death in the absence of disease progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of first response + 1). The CR was defined as disappearance of all TLs (any pathological lymph nodes selected as TLs must have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm) and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs (taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters as long as criteria for PD are not met).
  • DoR; PD-L1 (TC >=1%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The DoR per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the time from the date of first documented response (CR or PR) until the first date of documented progression or death in the absence of disease progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of first response + 1). The CR was defined as disappearance of all TLs (any pathological lymph nodes selected as TLs must have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm) and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs (taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters as long as criteria for PD are not met).
  • DoR; FAS Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 48 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks thereafter until confirmed disease progression. Assessed up to the data cut-off date (a maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The DoR per RECIST 1.1 using BICR assessments was defined as the time from the date of first documented response until the first date of documented progression or death in the absence of disease progression (ie, date of PFS event or censoring – date of first response + 1). The CR was defined as disappearance of all TLs (any pathological lymph nodes selected as TLs must have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm) and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs (taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters as long as criteria for PD are not met).
  • Percentage of Participants Alive and Progression Free at 12 Months (APF12); PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 12 months.
    • The APF12 was defined as the percentage of participants who were alive and progression free per RECIST v1.1 using BICR assessments at 12 months after randomization. The PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • Percentage of Participants APF12; PD-L1 (TC >=1%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 12 months.
    • The APF12 was defined as the percentage of participants who were alive and progression free per RECIST v1.1 using BICR assessments at 12 months after randomization. The PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • Percentage of Participants APF12; FAS Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to 12 months.
    • The APF12 was defined as the percentage of participants who were alive and progression free per RECIST v1.1 using BICR assessments at 12 months after randomization. The PFS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier technique.
  • Time From Randomization to Second Progression (PFS2); PD-L1 (TC >=25%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to Week 48, then every 8 weeks thereafter until 1st progression. Disease then assessed per local practice until 2nd progression. Assessed up to data cut-off date (maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS2 was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the earliest of the progression events (subsequent to that used for the primary variable PFS and excluding any confirmation of progression scans performed for first progression) or death (ie, date of PFS2 event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). The second progression event was determined by local standard clinical practice which may have included any of the following: objective radiological imaging, symptomatic progression, or death.
  • PFS2; PD-L1 (TC >=1%) Analysis Set Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to Week 48, then every 8 weeks thereafter until 1st progression. Disease then assessed per local practice until 2nd progression. Assessed up to data cut-off date (maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS2 was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the earliest of the progression events (subsequent to that used for the primary variable PFS and excluding any confirmation of progression scans performed for first progression) or death (ie, date of PFS2 event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). The second progression event was determined by local standard clinical practice which may have included any of the following: objective radiological imaging, symptomatic progression, or death.
  • PFS2; FAS Population
    • Time Frame: Tumour scans performed at baseline then every 6 weeks up to Week 48, then every 8 weeks thereafter until 1st progression. Disease then assessed per local practice until 2nd progression. Assessed up to data cut-off date (maximum of approximately 3 years).
    • The PFS2 was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the earliest of the progression events (subsequent to that used for the primary variable PFS and excluding any confirmation of progression scans performed for first progression) or death (ie, date of PFS2 event or censoring – date of randomization + 1). The second progression event was determined by local standard clinical practice which may have included any of the following: objective radiological imaging, symptomatic progression, or death.
  • Change From Baseline in Disease-Related Symptoms as Assessed by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires (EORTC QLQ) at 12 Months
    • Time Frame: At baseline then every 4 weeks for the first 8 weeks relative to the date of randomization, then every 8 weeks until second progression/death, whichever comes first. Assessed up to 12 months.
    • Patient reported outcomes for 5 disease related symptoms was assessed using the EORTC QLQ-Core 30 (C30) items questionnaire (fatigue and appetite loss) and the EORTC QLQ-Lung Cancer module 13 (LC13) (dysponea, cough and chest pain). An outcome variable consisting of a score from 0 to 100 was derived for each of the symptom scales/symptom items with higher scores representing greater symptom severity. An improvement in symptoms were indicated by a negative change in score from baseline. A positive change in score from baseline indicated a deterioration of symptoms. A minimum clinically meaningful change is defined as an absolute change in the score from baseline of >=10.
  • Serum Concentrations of Durvalumab
    • Time Frame: Pre-dose and within 1 hour after end of infusion at Week 0, 12 and 24, and at follow-up Month 3.
    • Blood samples were collected to determine the serum concentration of durvalumab.
  • Serum Concentrations of Tremelimumab
    • Time Frame: Pre-dose and within 1 hour after end of infusion at Week 0 and 12, and at follow-up Month 3.
    • Blood samples were collected to determine the serum concentration of tremelimumab.
  • Maximum Serum Concentration at Steady State (Cmax_ss) of Durvalumab
    • Time Frame: Within 1 hour after end of infusion on infusion day at Week 12.
    • Blood samples were collected to determine the Cmax_ss of durvalumab. Steady state was defined as Cycle 4 (Week 12). PK parameters were determined using standard non-compartmental methods.
  • Cmax_ss of Tremelimumab
    • Time Frame: Within 1 hour after end of infusion on infusion day at Week 12.
    • Blood samples were collected to determine the Cmax_ss of tremelimumab. Steady state was defined as Cycle 4 (Week 12). PK parameters were determined using standard non-compartmental methods.
  • Trough Serum Concentration at Steady State (Ctrough_ss) of Durvalumab
    • Time Frame: Pre-dose at Week 12.
    • Blood samples were collected to determine the Ctrough_ss of durvalumab. Steady state was defined as Cycle 4 (Week 12). PK parameters were determined using standard non-compartmental methods.
  • Ctrough_ss of Tremelimumab
    • Time Frame: Pre-dose at Week 12.
    • Blood samples were collected to determine the Ctrough_ss of tremelimumab. Steady state was defined as Cycle 4 (Week 12). PK parameters were determined using standard non-compartmental methods.
  • Number of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibody (ADA) Response to Durvalumab
    • Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, and 24; 3 and 6 months after last dose of study treatment.
    • Blood samples were measured for the presence of ADAs and ADA-neutralizing antibodies (nAb) for durvalumab using validated assays. Tiered analysis was performed to include screening, confirmatory, and titer assay components, and positive-negative cut points previously statistically determined from drug-naïve validation samples were employed. Immunogenicity results were analyzed by summarizing the number of participants who developed detectable ADAs against durvalumab. Persistently positive is defined as having at least 2 post-baseline ADA positive measurements with at least 16 weeks (112 days) between the first and last positive measurements, or an ADA positive result at the last available assessment. Transiently positive is defined as having at least one post-baseline ADA positive measurement and not fulfilling the conditions for persistently positive.
  • Number of Participants With ADA Response to Tremelimumab
    • Time Frame: At Weeks 0 and 12; 3 and 6 months after last dose of study treatment.
    • Blood samples were measured for the presence of ADAs and ADA-nAb for tremelimumab using validated assays. Tiered analysis was performed to include screening, confirmatory, and titer assay components, and positive-negative cut points previously statistically determined from drug-naïve validation samples were employed. Immunogenicity results were analyzed by summarizing the number of participants who developed detectable ADAs against tremelimumab. Persistently positive is defined as having at least 2 post-baseline ADA positive measurements with at least 16 weeks (112 days) between the first and last positive measurements, or an ADA positive result at the last available assessment. Transiently positive is defined as having at least one post-baseline ADA positive measurement and not fulfilling the conditions for persistently positive.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

For inclusion in the study, patients should fulfill the following criteria:

  • Aged at least 18 years
  • Documented evidence of Stage IV NSCLC
  • No sensitizing EGFR mutation or ALK rearrangement
  • No prior chemotherapy or any other systemic therapy for recurrent/metastatic NSCLC
  • World Health Organization (WHO) Performance Status of 0 or 1

Exclusion Criteria

Patients should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:

1. Mixed small-cell lung cancer and NSCLC histology, sarcomatoid variant

2. Brain metastases or spinal cord compression unless asymptomatic, treated and stable (not requiring steroids)

3. Prior exposure to Immunomodulatory therapy (IMT), including, but not limited to, other anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4), anti-programmed cell death1 (PD-1), anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), or anti PD-L2 antibodies, excluding therapeutic anticancer vaccines

4. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [eg, colitis or Crohn's disease]

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 130 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • AstraZeneca
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Stuart McIntosh, MD, Study Director, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Cheshire, UK
    • Naiyer Rizvi, MD, Principal Investigator, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.