ROHHAD (rapid onset obesity, hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation, and autonomic dysregulation) syndrome is a rare pediatric disorder associated with a cancer called neuroblastoma and presumed to be driven by an attack of the immune system on specific area in the brain. Patients develop severe symptoms and often succumb to this disease. Based on the researchers' experience the investigators conduct a clinical trial to study intensive immunosuppression with high-dose cyclophosphamide in these patients. In addition to describing the symptomatic improvement, the investigators' trial seeks to define objective markers of disease activity.
Full Title of Study: “High-dose Cyclophosphamide for the Treatment of ROHHAD (Rapid Onset Obesity, Hypoventilation, Hypothalamic Dysfunction, and Autonomic Dysregulation) Syndrome”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: N/A
- Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Masking: None (Open Label)
- Study Primary Completion Date: March 2022
Baseline evaluation will include: Sleep study and pulmonary evaluation Hormone levels Determination of up to 6 key ROHHAD-related symptoms to be followed Hyperphagia questionnaire 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scan Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis Patients will be treated with cyclophosphamide, 50 mg/kg (ideal body weight)/dose daily for 4 days, with Mesna and hydration as prophylaxis against hemorrhagic cystitis. Supportive care will include mucosal care, transfusions, infection prophylaxis, and empiric treatment for febrile neutropenia. Composite severity score will be assessed to measure response of key symptoms, and formal neuropsychological testing, sleep study, and hormone studies will be performed.
- Drug: Cyclophosphamide
- Cyclophosphamide will be given by vein once a day for four straight days. Ten days after starting cyclophosphamide, filgrastim, a drug that helps normal blood cells to grow, by vein once every day to try to help your blood cells grow faster.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Experimental: Cyclophosphamide
- Cyclophosphamide will be given by vein once a day for four straight days. Ten days after starting cyclophosphamide, filgrastim, a drug that helps normal blood cells to grow, will be given by vein once every day to try to help your blood cells grow faster.
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Symptomatic improvement on the ROHHAD Symptoms Scale of children with ROHHAD syndrome after treatment with high-dose cyclophosphamide .
- Time Frame: 18 months
- Safety and toxicity of high-dose cyclophosphamide used to treat children with ROHHAD of as measured by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0.
- Time Frame: 18 months
- To calculate Area Under Curve (AUC) of high dose cyclophosphamide in obese children.
- Time Frame: predose, 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 hrs from the completion of infusion.
- Neuropsychological function of patients with ROHHAD before and after high-dose cyclophosphamide measured using complementary age appropriate evaluation tools including Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence RAN objects, and AIM.
- Time Frame: 18 months
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- Diagnosis of ROHHAD syndrome confirmed by two physicians. – Any symptomatic improvement in response to a course of rituximab (five weekly doses) as assessed by parents and/or treating physician – Normal brain MRI – Cared for at home by the family – Patients requiring bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) support are eligible – Negative pregnancy test for post pubertal female patients Exclusion Criteria:
- Cardiac ejection fraction <40% or shortening fraction <20%. – Inadequate pulmonary function, i.e. forced vital capacity or forced expiratory volume at one second < 50% of predicted for children greater than 8 years of age, or oxygen saturation <93% on pulse oximetry for younger children. – Ventilator dependent – Known chromosomal abnormality – Active cancer diagnosis. Neuroblastoma that requires only follow up is eligible. – Pregnancy
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 12 Months
Maximum Age: 22 Years
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No
- Lead Sponsor
- Johns Hopkins University
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Allen Chen, MD, PhD, Study Chair, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
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