Cell Therapy in Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

Overview

The purpose of this study is to determine whether cell therapy with autologous adult stem cells (from bone marrow and/or fat) is safe in the treatment of advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 2016

Detailed Description

Pulmonary emphysema, within the spectrum of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), can be described as the destruction of alveolar walls and enlargement of the airspaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, with inflammatory infiltrate and no detectable fibrosis. Despite significant advances resulting from the introduction of new therapeutic approaches, such as pulmonary rehabilitation, an effective and not only palliative clinical treatment is yet to be achieved. Surgical treatment, in turn, involves highly complex procedures and, in the case of lung transplantation, the shortage of donors. In this context, cell therapy with stem cells is presented as a promising therapeutic alternative with great potential for applicability. The main goal of this study is to evaluate the safety of the infusion of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC), adipose-derived stem cells (ASC), separately or conjugated, in COPD patients. The sample will consist of 20 advanced COPD patients (grade 3 by GOLD criteria). Patients will be, by lot, divided into four distinct groups, namely: Group 1: Control; Group 2: Bone marrow mononuclear cells; Group 3 – Stem cells derived from adipose tissue and Group 4: bone marrow mononuclear cells and stem cells derived from adipose tissue. After the selection of patients, clinical and laboratory evaluation will be conducted (cardiology, laboratory examinations and tests to define the score of dyspnea). The cells used for the cell therapy will be obtained from the patient's own bone marrow or adipose tissue (autologous). The separation of the bone marrow mononuclear (BMMC) will be performed by centrifugation in density gradient (Ficoll), while stem cells derived from adipose tissue will be isolated by enzymatic digestion (collagenase) and cultivation. The infusion will be performed by a peripheral vein (brachial) after preparation, separation, expansion and quality control of the cells. The patients will be followed for a period of 12 months. It is expected that this clinical protocol will allow an expansion in knowledge about cell therapy in pulmonary diseases and represents a significant step towards the establishment of new therapeutic approaches in COPD treatment.

Interventions

  • Procedure: Bone marrow harvesting
    • Approximately 200 mL of bone marrow will be surgically collect from the iliac crest (pelvis) of the patient under spinal anesthesia.
  • Procedure: Liposuction
    • Approximately 50 mL of adipose tissue (fat) will be surgically collected from the abdominal region of the patient under spinal anesthesia.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • No Intervention: Group 1 – Control
    • The patients will be followed during the course of 12 months and evaluated regarding disease progression. No interventions will be performed other than conventional (in-course) treatment.
  • Experimental: Group 2 – BMMC
    • Patients will be submitted to bone marrow harvesting. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) will be obtained by Ficoll separation and returned to patients by systemic infusion (1×10^8 BMMC in 30 mL saline). Three patients will be submitted to Lung perfusion scintigraphy with technetium for cell engraftment evaluation.
  • Experimental: Group 3 – ASC
    • Patients will be submitted to liposuction. The obtained fat tissue will be cultivated by 21 days and adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) will be returned to patients by systemic infusion (1×10^8 ASC in 30 mL saline). Three patients will be submitted to Lung perfusion scintigraphy with technetium for cell engraftment evaluation.
  • Experimental: Group 4 – BMMC + ASC
    • Patients will be submitted to liposuction and the obtained fat tissue will be cultivated by 21 days and adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) obtained. Patients will be submitted to bone marrow harvesting and bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) will be obtained by Ficoll separation. BMMC and ASC will be returned to patients by systemic infusion (5×10^7 ASC + 5×10^7 BMMC in 30 mL saline). Three patients will be submitted to Lung perfusion scintigraphy with technetium for cell engraftment evaluation.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Total Pulmonary Capacity
    • Time Frame: 12 months after procedure
    • Assessed by whole body plethysmography, measured in liters.

Secondary Measures

  • Pulmonary morphology
    • Time Frame: 9 months after procedure
    • Chest x-ray
  • Pulmonary function
    • Time Frame: 12 months after procedure
    • A composite measure of pulmonary capacity (volume), assessed by plethysmography and spirometry and composed of: Total Pulmonary Capacity (TPC), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) , FEV1/FVC, Forced Expiratory Fraction (FEF 25-75), Residual Volume (RV), TPC/RV and airway Resistance (R).

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • COPD patients with persistent dyspnea in stage 2 or 3 of the dyspnea scale score;
  • Eligibility for pulmonary rehabilitation program;
  • No smoking or smoking cessation for at least 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Absence of emphysema on chest tomography;
  • Pulmonary or extrapulmonary infection or active infection history in less than 3 months;
  • History of coronary artery disease and/or severe ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction <55%);
  • Presence of pulmonary hypertension, ie, estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure above 35 mmHg at transthoracic Doppler echocardiography;
  • Patients in home oxygen therapy;
  • Advanced renal failure (serum creatinine greater than 1.5 mg / dL) and liver failure CHILD B or C;
  • Immunosuppressive or infectious diseases detected;
  • Patients with known malignancies or collagen diseases;
  • Psycho-social problems, drug and/or alcohol abuse and not obedient to the established medical protocol;
  • No family acceptance;
  • Pregnancy or at risk of pregnancy.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 40 Years

Maximum Age: 70 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • UPECLIN HC FM Botucatu Unesp
  • Collaborator
    • Faculdade de Medicina do ABC
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: João Tadeu Ribeiro Paes, Professor – UPECLIN HC FM Botucatu Unesp
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Selma D Squassoni, MD, Study Chair, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC
    • Ellie Fiss, MD, Study Chair, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC
    • Elíseo J Sekya, Study Chair, IEP São Lucas – Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa
    • Adelson Alves, Dr, Study Chair, Hemocentro São Lucas
    • Andressa Forte, Study Chair, TechLife
    • Larissa C Zanutto, Study Chair, IEP São Lucas – Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa

References

Stessuk T, Ruiz MA, Greco OT, Bilaqui A, Ribeiro-Paes MJ, Ribeiro-Paes JT. Phase I clinical trial of cell therapy in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: follow-up of up to 3 years. Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter. 2013;35(5):352-7. doi: 10.5581/1516-8484.20130113.

Ribeiro-Paes JT, Bilaqui A, Greco OT, Ruiz MA, Marcelino MY, Stessuk T, de Faria CA, Lago MR. Unicentric study of cell therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/pulmonary emphysema. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2011 Jan 1;6:63-71. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S15292.

Ribeiro-Paes JT, Stessuk T, Marcelino M, Faria C, Marinelli T, Ribeiro-Paes MJ. A protocol proposition of cell therapy for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Rev Port Pneumol. 2014 Mar-Apr;20(2):84-91. doi: 10.1016/j.rppneu.2013.06.008. Epub 2013 Nov 26. English, Portuguese.

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