Positron Lymphography Via Intracervical 18F-FDG Injection for Pre-surgical Lymphatic Mapping in Stage IB1 Cervical Cancer and High-grade Endometrial Cancer

Overview

The purpose of this study is to see if a radioactive substance called 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F- FDG), injected into the cervix during a PET/CT scan done before surgery can show us more clearly which lymph nodes in the pelvis (the area near your uterus and cervix) contain cancer.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: November 2020

Interventions

  • Radiation: 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG)
  • Device: PET/CT imaging
  • Device: PET/MRI imaging

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: intracervical 18F-FDG injection during a dynamic PET/CT
    • The first 20 eligible patients will be consented to undergo intracervical 18F-FDG injection during a dynamic PET/CT scan. Study enrollment will occur in the clinic during the visit in which they are consented for surgery. Recruited patients will undergo 18F-FDG-guided PET imaging on the day of their scheduled staging surgery. The experimental PET/CT is anticipated to take 2 hours. The second stage of accrual will replace PET/CT with PET/MRI imaging. In every other aspect, patients will receive standard peri- and postoperative care.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • diagnostic accuracy of Positron Lymphography
    • Time Frame: 2 years
    • Accuracy of Positron Lymphography will be defined in terms of sensitivity and will consist of pathology review of labelled, excised specimens compared with lymph node imaging data acquired preoperatively.

Secondary Measures

  • to evaluate several standard uptake value (SUV) (18F-FDG avidity)
    • Time Frame: 2 years
    • will assess the ability of SUV to predict malignant disease. The continuous variable of SUV assigned to a given lymph node during Positron Lymphography will be compared with the pathologic assessment (benign vs malignant) of each labelled lymph node. The SUV assigned to a given lymph node is done using the the imaging software and not up to the discretion of the radiologist.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • The study population will include women with stage IB1 cervical cancer (any histologic subtype) deemed eligible for surgery, and women with a clinical stage I high-grade endometrial cancer planning to undergo surgical staging. High grade is defined by the following:
  • Uterine serous carcinoma
  • Clear cell endometrial carcinoma
  • Grade 3 endometrioid carcinoma
  • Endometrial carcinosarcoma
  • Clinical stage I grade 1-2 endometrial cancer also eligible with deep myoinvasion ≥ 50% shown on preop MRI and/or elevated preop CA-125 > 35 U/ml.
  • Age ≥18 years
  • Hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL
  • Plasma albumin ≥3 g/dL
  • GOG performance status ≤2
  • Plasma glucose ≤200 mg/dL
  • Plasma creatinine ≤1.6
  • Well-controlled hypertension
  • Medical clearance for surgery and considered an appropriate surgical candidate
  • Negative serum pregnancy test, if of child-bearing potential
  • If, based on surgeon's assessment, the patient is recommended to undergo surgical staging for histologically confirmed endometrial cancer or if IB1 cervical cancer is deemed eligible for surgical treatment of disease
  • Participation in other research protocols does not exclude a patient from participation in this study

Exclusion Criteria

  • Hemoglobin <10 g/dL
  • Plasma albumin <3 g/dL
  • GOG performance status >2
  • Plasma glucose >200 mg/dL
  • Renal insufficiency with plasma creatinine >1.6
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Patient does not meet medical clearance for surgery and is not considered an appropriate surgical candidate
  • Pregnancy

For Stage 2:

  • Patient who are unwilling or unable to undergo MRI including patients with contraindications to MRI such as the presence of cardiac pacemakers of non-compatible intracranial vascular clips, claustrophobia, inability to lie flat for the duration of the study etc.
  • Patients with a metallic hip implant or any other metallic implant or device in the pelvis that might distort local magnetic field and compromise quality of MRI

Gender Eligibility: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Jennifer Mueller, MD, Principal Investigator, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Jennifer Mueller, MD, 212-639-8229, muellerj@mskcc.org

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