Trial to Determine the Comparability of Ipratropium Bromide Hydrofluoroalkane (HFA)-134a Inhalation Aerosol to ATROVENT® Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) Inhalation Aerosol, in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Overview

The objective of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic comparability of 84 µg ipratropium bromide HFA-134a inhalation aerosol and 84 µg ATROVENT® CFC Inhalation Aerosol in COPD patients

Full Title of Study: “An Open-Label, Crossover, Pharmacokinetic Trial to Determine the Comparability of 84 µg Ipratropium Bromide HFA-134a Inhalation Aerosol to 84 µg ATROVENT® CFC Inhalation Aerosol, in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 2001

Interventions

  • Drug: Ipratropium bromide HFA-134a inhalation aerosol
  • Drug: Atrovent CFC inhalation aerosol

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Ipratropium bromide
  • Active Comparator: ATROVENT

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Amount of unchanged ipratropium excreted in the urine from 0 to 24 h after a single dose
    • Time Frame: Up to 24 hours (h) after single drug administration
  • Amount of unchanged ipratropium excreted in the urine within 1 hour at steady state
    • Time Frame: 1h after drug administration
  • Amount of unchanged ipratropium excreted in the urine over the 6 h dosing interval at steady state
    • Time Frame: up to 6 h after drug administration

Secondary Measures

  • Area under the plasma ipratropium concentration time curve at different time points
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Peak plasma ipratropium concentration at different time points
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Trough plasma ipratropium concentration at different time points
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Time to peak plasma ipratropium concentrations at steady state
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Degree of fluctuation (DF) of the plasma ipratropium concentrations
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Area under the plasma ipratropium concentration time curve
    • Time Frame: Day 1 after first drug administration
  • Peak plasma ipratropium concentration
    • Time Frame: Day 1 after first drug administration
  • Number of patients with adverse events
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Changes from baseline in pulse rate and blood pressure
    • Time Frame: Baseline, day 23 day after first drug administration
  • Number of patients with clinical significant findings in laboratory tests
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Number of patients with clinical significant findings in physical examination
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Number of patients with clinical significant findings in electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration
  • Changes from test-day baseline in pulse rate and blood pressure
    • Time Frame: Up to 23 days after first drug administration

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

All patients must have a diagnosis of COPD and must meet the following spirometric criteria:

  • Patients must have a stable, moderate to severe airway obstruction with an Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1) <=65% of predicted normal and FEV1 <=70% of Forced vital capacity (FVC)
  • Males: Predicted Normal FEV1 = 0.093 (height in inches)-0.032 (age)-1.343
  • Females: Predicted Normal FEV1 = 0.085 (height in inches)-0.025(age)-1.692
  • Male or female age 40 years or older
  • Patients must have a smoking history of more than 10 pack-years. A pack-year is defined as the equivalent of smoking one pack of cigarettes (20 cigarettes) per day for a year
  • Patients must be able to satisfactorily administer the medication, perform pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and maintain records during the study period as required in the protocol
  • All patients must sign an Informed Consent Form prior to participation in the trial (i.e., prior to pre-study washout of their usual pulmonary medications and prior to fasting for laboratory tests)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with significant diseases other than COPD will be excluded. A significant disease is defined as a disease which in the opinion of the investigator may either put the patient at risk because of participation in the study or a disease with may influence the results of the study or patients ability to participate in the study
  • Patients with clinically relevant baseline hematology, blood chemistry or urinalysis. If the abnormality defines a disease listed as an exclusion criterion the patient is excluded
  • All patients with serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) >80 IU/L, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) >80 IU/L, bilirubin >2.0 mg/dl, or creatinine >2.0 mg/dl will be excluded regardless of the clinical condition. Repeat laboratory evaluation will be not be conducted in these patients
  • Patients with a history of asthma, allergic rhinitis or atopy or who have a blood eosinophil count above 600/mm3. A repeat eosinophil count will be not be conducted in these patients
  • Patients with a recent (i.e., one year or less) history of myocardial infarction
  • Patients with a recent history (i.e., three years or less) of cardiac failure, patients with cardiac arrhythmia requiring therapy, patients receiving any systemic beta-blockers and patients on chronic daytime oxygen therapy
  • Patients with known active tuberculosis
  • Patients with a history of cancer within the last 5 years. Patients with treated basal cell carcinoma are allowed
  • Patients with a history of life-threatening pulmonary obstruction, or a history of cystic fibrosis or bronchiectasis
  • Patients who have undergone thoracotomy with pulmonary resection. Patients with a history of thoracotomy for other reason should be evaluated per exclusion criterion No.1
  • Patients with an upper respiratory tract infection or COPD exacerbation in the 6 weeks prior to the screening visit (Visit 1) or during the baseline period
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to anticholinergic drugs
  • Patients with known symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy or bladder-neck obstruction
  • Patients with known narrow-angle glaucoma
  • Patients who are on cromolyn sodium or nedocromil sodium
  • Patients who are on antihistamines
  • Pregnant or nursing women and women of childbearing potential not using a medically approved means of contraception (e.g., oral contraceptive, intrauterine devices, diaphragm or Norplant®)
  • Patients who have taken an investigational drug within 1 month or 6 half-lives (whichever is longer) of the drug prior to the screening visit or patients currently enrolled in another research study
  • Patients with a history of and/or active alcohol or drug abuse

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 40 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Boehringer Ingelheim
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.