A Tailored Internet Intervention to Reduce Skin Cancer Risk Behaviors Among Young Adults

Overview

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the US, with over a million new cases diagnosed yearly. Young adults are increasingly at risk of melanoma. Contributing to the increasing skin cancer risk is the fact that US adolescents have the lowest skin protection rates of all age groups and also demonstrate increased exposure to natural and artificial UV radiation. Innovative interventions are needed to have an impact on skin cancer risk among young people. Unlike previous interventions, our skin cancer risk reduction intervention will be tailored (or personalized) to each individual participant and delivered via the Internet. The intervention will emphasize appearance concerns, which are known to be the primary motivation for UV exposure and lack of skin protection among young adults. This will be accomplished in part through the use of personalized facial images showing UV damage as well as computerized age progression demonstrations.

Primary Aim 1. To examine the efficacy of a tailored intervention delivered via the Internet designed to increase skin protection and decrease sun exposure behavior among young adults at moderate to high risk of developing skin cancer. Participants will be randomized to the tailored intervention, the Skin Cancer Foundation website, or an assessment only condition.

Aim 2. To evaluate whether sociodemographic variables (sex, race/ethnicity, skin type, family history of skin cancer), appearance consciousness, and past exposure and protective behaviors moderate intervention effects.

Aim 3. To evaluate whether Integrative Model constructs (UV-related knowledge, risk perception, beliefs, norms, self-efficacy, and intentions) mediate intervention effects.

The goals of future research would be to enhance the tailored intervention, for example, by adding additional contacts or Internet technologies or features, disseminate the intervention, assess the longevity of effects, and/or adapt the tailored intervention for use with other cancer risk behaviors or at risk groups.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 2014

Interventions

  • Behavioral: UV4me
    • Tailored website includes: personalized responses to quizzes, information on skin type and burn risk, UV damage photo of similar individual, avatar activity, age progression images, personal risk calculator, SPF (sun protection factor) calculator
  • Behavioral: Skin Cancer Foundation website
    • Current best practice website for skin cancer and prevention. Includes information, images, news, and opportunities for advocacy.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Tailored Intervention
    • Subject has access to the tailored web intervention
  • Active Comparator: Skin Cancer Foundation Website
    • Subject has access to the pre-existing Skin Cancer Foundation website
  • No Intervention: Assessment Only Condition
    • Subjects will only complete assessments

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Sun protection
    • Time Frame: Follow-up 1 (3 weeks after baseline)
    • Continuous measure examining frequency of sun protection behaviors (e.g., sunscreen use, clothing, shade, sunglasses), using items adapted from Glanz and colleagues (2008)
  • Sun protection
    • Time Frame: Follow-up 2 (12 weeks after baseline)
    • Continuous measure examining frequency of sun protection behaviors (e.g., sunscreen use, clothing, shade, sunglasses), using items adapted from Glanz and colleagues (2008)
  • Outdoor UV Exposure
    • Time Frame: Follow-up 1 (3 weeks after baseline)
    • How many hours participants spend in the sun during peak daylight hours during the week
  • Outdoor UV exposure
    • Time Frame: Follow-up 2 (12 weeks after baseline)
    • How many hours participants spend in the sun during peak daylight hours during the week

Secondary Measures

  • Indoor Tanning
    • Time Frame: Follow-up 1 (3 weeks after baseline)
    • Number of indoor tanning sessions in past month
  • Indoor Tanning
    • Time Frame: Follow-up 2 (12 weeks after baseline)
    • Number of indoor tanning sessions in past month

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age 18-25 years old
  • Moderate to high risk of skin cancer (cut-off of >=27 on the Brief Skin Cancer Risk Assessment Tool)

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of skin cancer

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 25 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Fox Chase Cancer Center
  • Collaborator
    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Carolyn Heckman, Associate Professor – Fox Chase Cancer Center
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Carolyn Heckman, Ph.D, Principal Investigator, Fox Chase Cancer Center

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