The Use of Maternal Serum Unconjugated Estriol for Monitoring the Prevention of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome


The objective of this project is to evaluate clinical significance of measuring maternal blood estriol levels, after the administration of antenatal corticosteroids to enhance lung maturity. The investigators will test for associations of the change in maternal estriol with the development of respiratory distress syndrome. The investigators are also interested in determining whether salivary estriol is a valid surrogate to estriol blood assays. In addition the investigators will correlate these changes to pharmacokinetic (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and pharmacogenetic measures of betamethasone administration and fetal respiratory outcome

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Prospective
  • Study Primary Completion Date: November 8, 2016

Detailed Description

We will obtain serum and saliva for estriol measurement before or within 2 hours of antenatal corticosteroid administration and about 24 hours after each dose is given.

Women who consent to an optional PK portion of the study will have plasma samples obtained pre-dose and then on a schedule of approximately 0.5-2, 4-8, 10-15, 22-24 hours after the first dose and then 6-8, 24, and 48 hours after the 2nd dose. One sample will be collected in each of these times.

A sample of whole blood will be obtained for DNA isolation. At the time of delivery, umbilical cord blood will be collected before being discarded for DNA and plasma. If we are unable to obtain umbilical cord blood, a buccal swab will be collected from the baby for DNA extraction.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • salivary estriol measurement
    • Serum Estriol measurement via different assays is complex, expensive, labor intensive, time consuming, and generally performed at specific reference labs. Salivary Estriol level is an ideal potential surrogate for serum Estriol. It is convenient, non-invasive, and expedient. It may not, however, be as sensitive as serum estriol concentrations at detecting the association with glucocorticoid response. This study will collect both samples to determine which one is better suited for clinical use in this condition.
  • serum estriol measure
    • we will determine if changes in maternal serum estriol represent a biomarker of response to antenatal corticosteroids as evidenced by neonatal development of RDS
  • Betamethasone pharmacokinetic
    • we will determine if pharmacokinetic parameters and neonatal outcomes after antenatal corticosteroid use are associated with genetic polymorphisms in drug metabolizing enzymes, transporters, and steroid pathway genes
  • betamethasone concentration and genetics
    • we will determine if maternal betamethasone concentrations and genetics are associated with maternal estriol changes or RDS development

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Respiratory distress syndrome
    • Time Frame: At least 30 days after delivery, the maternal and neonatal charts will be reviewed
    • Respiratory Distress Syndrome is diagnosed clinically, by need for mechanical ventilation and oxygen for at least 48 hours, and the presence of radiologic chest findings.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Gestational age between 23-34 weeks with a diagnosis of threatened preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes, or other diagnosis with a high likelihood of preterm delivery where the provider is recommending administering antenatal corticosteroids
  • Singleton gestation
  • Live fetus at the time of enrollment
  • Being administered antenatal corticosteroids to enhance lung maturity
  • Ability to provide written informed consent to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria

  • • Maternal age <18 years old
  • Major congenital anomalies
  • Multiple gestations

Gender Eligibility: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Indiana University
  • Collaborator
    • University of California, Los Angeles
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: David Haas, David M Haas, MD, MS – Indiana University
  • Overall Official(s)
    • David Haas, MD, MSc, Principal Investigator, Indiana University School of Medicine

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