Youth Partners in Care: Depression and Quality Improvement

Overview

This randomized effectiveness trial evaluates a quality improvement intervention aimed at providing access to evidence-based depression treatments (particularly cognitive-behavior therapy for depression and or pharmacotherapy) through primary care for youth ages 13-21, as compared to enhanced usual care. The major hypothesis is that the quality improvement intervention will be associated with improved outcomes, relative to enhanced usual care.

Full Title of Study: “Youth Partners in Care: Depression & Quality Improvement”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
    • Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 2003

Interventions

  • Other: Quality Improvement (QI) for depression
    • Major intervention components included a) expert leader teams who planned and implemented the intervention at each clinic, b) care managers who supported primary care clinicians with depression evaluation and management, c) access to cognitive-behavior therapy for depression within each primary care clinic, and d) patient and provider choice regarding treatment modality.
  • Other: Usual Care
    • Usual care enhanced by provider education regarding depression evaluation and management

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Usual Care
    • Patients received usual care through primary care, enhanced by provider education regarding depression evaluation and management (1-2 hour training, plus study manual)
  • Experimental: Quality Improvement for Depression
    • Major intervention components included a) expert leader teams who planned and implemented the intervention at each clinic, b) care managers who supported primary care clinicians with depression evaluation and management, c) access to cognitive-behavior therapy for depression within each primary care clinic, and d) patient and provider choice regarding treatment modality.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Self-reported depressive symptoms on the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale)
    • Time Frame: 6-months

Secondary Measures

  • mental health related quality of life as assessed using self-report on the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 Health Survey.
    • Time Frame: 6 months, with follow up at 12 and 18 months
  • satisfaction with care
    • Time Frame: 6 months with follow up at 12 and 18 months
  • Rates of mental health care, counseling/psychotherapy, and medication treatment.
    • Time Frame: 6-months with follow-up at 12 and 18 months
    • Youth self report on the study version of the Service Assessment for Children & Adolescents provided measures of rates of mental health care(dichotomous indicator of whether any mental health treatment received), counseling/psychotherapy (dichotomous indicator of whether counseling/psychotherapy was received, number of counseling/psychotherapy sessions), and medication treatment (dichotomous indicator of whether youth received any medication treatment for mental health problems). These measures were obtained using .

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Met either of two criteria: 1) endorsed "stem items" for major depression or dysthymia from the 12-month Composite International Diagnostic Interview(CIDI-12,2.1) modified slightly to conform to diagnostic criteria for adolescents, 1-week or more of past-month depressive symptoms, and a total Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale(CES-D)40 score ≥ 16, or 2) CES-D score ≥ 24.
  • Age 13-21
  • Presented at primary care clinic

Exclusion Criteria

  • not English-speaking
  • provider not in study
  • sibling already in study
  • completed eligibility screener previously

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 13 Years

Maximum Age: 21 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
  • Collaborator
    • RAND
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Joan R Asarnow, PhD, Principal Investigator, University of California, Los Angeles

References

Asarnow JR, Jaycox LH, Anderson M. Depression among youth in primary care models for delivering mental health services. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2002 Jul;11(3):477-97, viii.

Wells KB, Kataoka SH, Asarnow JR. Affective disorders in children and adolescents: addressing unmet need in primary care settings. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Jun 15;49(12):1111-20. Review.

Citations Reporting on Results

Asarnow JR, Jaycox LH, Tang L, Duan N, LaBorde AP, Zeledon LR, Anderson M, Murray PJ, Landon C, Rea MM, Wells KB. Long-term benefits of short-term quality improvement interventions for depressed youths in primary care. Am J Psychiatry. 2009 Sep;166(9):1002-10. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.08121909. Epub 2009 Aug 3.

Asarnow JR, Jaycox LH, Duan N, LaBorde AP, Rea MM, Murray P, Anderson M, Landon C, Tang L, Wells KB. Effectiveness of a quality improvement intervention for adolescent depression in primary care clinics: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2005 Jan 19;293(3):311-9.

Jaycox LH, Asarnow JR, Sherbourne CD, Rea MM, LaBorde AP, Wells KB. Adolescent primary care patients' preferences for depression treatment. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2006 Mar;33(2):198-207.

Asarnow JR, Jaycox LH, Duan N, LaBorde AP, Rea MM, Tang L, Anderson M, Murray P, Landon C, Tang B, Huizar DP, Wells KB. Depression and role impairment among adolescents in primary care clinics. J Adolesc Health. 2005 Dec;37(6):477-83.

Ngo VK, Asarnow JR, Lange J, Jaycox LH, Rea MM, Landon C, Tang L, Miranda J. Outcomes for youths from racial-ethnic minority groups in a quality improvement intervention for depression treatment. Psychiatr Serv. 2009 Oct;60(10):1357-64. doi: 10.1176/ps.2009.60.10.1357.

Tang L, Duan N, Klap R, Asarnow JR, Belin TR. Applying permutation tests with adjustment for covariates and attrition weights to randomized trials of health-services interventions. Stat Med. 2009 Jan 15;28(1):65-74. doi: 10.1002/sim.3453.

Goldstein RB, Asarnow JR, Jaycox LH, Shoptaw S, Murray PJ. Correlates of "non-problematic" and "problematic" substance use among depressed adolescents in primary care. J Addict Dis. 2007;26(3):39-52.

Fordwood SR, Asarnow JR, Huizar DP, Reise SP. Suicide attempts among depressed adolescents in primary care. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2007 Jul-Sep;36(3):392-404.

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.