Amyloid Accumulation After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury


There will be 200 participants, who aged 30 years or older with TBI in 1,5,10,15 years ago and GCS=13-15 will be recruited. Another group of 200 participants with the same age and gender and without TBI will be recruited as the controls. All of them will undergo AD8 questionnaire for dementia screening and APOE4 genotyping. Further CASI and CDR will be tested for the confirmation of dementia diagnosis for the individuals with AD8 scaore >/=2. 10 TBI with dementia, 20 TBI without dementia and 10 controls will be selected randomly for AV45 amylid PET study. There will also be 10 participants without traumatic brain injury and interested in this study, aged 55 years or older better.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: November 2012

Detailed Description

We will examine the mTBI patients in a long-term follow-up manner by cognitive tests and A-PET. This is a novel study for linking mTBI and AD by solid, reliable methods, in terms of A-PET and cognitive function tests. In addition, we will figure out the importance of APOE genotypes for amyloid accumulation and cognitive impairment. These results should shed light on the further clinical studies and amyloid-cleaning therapy for prevention and treatment for dementia after mTBI.


  • Drug: [18F]AV-45 PET amyloid binding imaging

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Alzheimer disease after mild traumatic brain injury
    • Based on the TBI registry databank, to recruit patients 1, 5, 10, 15 years after mTBI for cognitive evaluatio
  • Experimental: mild traumatic brain injury without Alzheimer disease
    • To recruit patients 1, 5, 10, 15 years after mTBI with or without cognitive impairment and age-gender-matched controls (a total of 3 groups) for amyloid- positron emission tomography (A-PET)
  • Experimental: Normal control
    • People aged 30 or older without mTBI or AD

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • The amyloids load in brain among mild traumatic brain injury and controls in a temporal manner.
    • Time Frame: one year
    • The amyloids load (based on F-18-AV-45 binding) in brain among mild traumatic brain injury and controls in a temporal manner.

Secondary Measures

  • F-18-AV-45 binding changes and cognitive function among mild traumatic brain injury and controls
    • Time Frame: one year
    • To evaluate the the F-18-AV-45 binding in different APOE genotypes among mild traumatic brain injury and controls

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • The individuals are listed in the Taipei medical university traumatic brain injury databank and had TBI in 1, 5, 10 and 15 years ago. There are about 200 individuals undergo telephone interview/invitation, blood test for genotyping and neuropsychological tests. 30 participants will be selected randomly among the 200 individuals. – mild injury in TBI (initial GCS = 13-15) – had MRI or CT evaluation after TBI – aged 30 years or older better – agreed by principal investigator – have agreement and have signed the informed consent form by him/herself or his/her legal representative Main exclusion criteria:

  • participating in another clinical trials which might interfere the current finding. – not sure the timing of TBI – contaminant the symptoms with injury, skull fracture, intracranial hemorrhage, craniotomy, and death – moderate (initial GCS = 9-12) or severe (initial GCS < 8) injury in TBI – had wound with gunshot or puncture – loss of consciousness over 30 minutes after TBI – loss of memory for over 1 day after TBI – have no MRI or CT evaluation of brain after TBI or have obstructive ischemia after MRI or CT evaluation – have uremia, liver cirrhosis, heart failure, pulmonary edema, coagulation disorders and other major diseases – pregnant woman or emotional instability – the age less than 18 years (30 years better) – unable to collect blood sample by peripheral vein – determination of inappropriate participants in the clinical trail of PI

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 30 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Tzu-Chen YEN, MD, PhD, Study Director, Nuclear Medicine

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