In-vitro Myometrial Contractility After Oxytocin Pre-exposure in Women With Advanced Maternal Age and Morbid Obesity

Overview

Women with advanced maternal age and morbid obesity, have a higher incidence of labor induction/ augmentation and cesarean section (CS), and are at a greater risk for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Oxytocin is the first line drug in the treatment of PPH, however, oxytocin receptor (OTR) desensitization has been recognized in the context of prolonged labors secondary to either endogenous or exogenous oxytocin exposure. It is unknown if oxytocin desensitization specifically affects contractility in women with advanced maternal age and morbid obesity when compared to younger or normal weight populations. Further it is not known if the higher incidence of PPH seen in these women is due to poor uterine contractility and/or poor response to oxytocin.

The investigators hypothesize that women with advanced maternal age and morbid obesity will exhibit poor myometrial contractility as compared to women that are younger and of normal body habitus, in both oxytocin pre-treated and untreated myometrium.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 13, 2017

Detailed Description

In view of the growing concern over the rising incidence of later maternal age and morbid obesity in the obstetric population, scientific evidence on pregnancy outcomes in these patients is timely and important. The investigators' previously validated in-vitro model provides a solid foundation for the study of myometrial contractility under controlled conditions, without any confounders that could be encountered in clinical settings. It is also likely to provide in-depth understanding of the parameters that the investigators feel are responsible for higher incidence of PPH in these patients. The investigators' study will form a basis for future modifications in oxytocin augmentation regimens and pharmacotherapy for control of PPH in these patient populations.

Interventions

  • Drug: Oxytocin
    • Oxytocin, 10-10mol/L to 10-5mol/L

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • No Intervention: Control
    • A control sample from each patient (no oxytocin applied) will be measured concurrently with samples treated with varying concentrations of oxytocin.
  • Experimental: Oxytocin
    • Samples from each patient will be bathed in a solution containing varying concentrations of oxytocin.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Motility index
    • Time Frame: 6-8 hours

Secondary Measures

  • Amplitude of contraction
    • Time Frame: 6-8 hours
  • Integrated area under response curve (AUC)
    • Time Frame: 6-8 hours
  • Frequency of contraction
    • Time Frame: 6-8 hours

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • patients who give written informed consent
  • patients requiring elective primary or 1st repeat Cesarean section
  • patients with gestational age 37-41 weeks
  • non-labouring patients, not exposed to exogenous oxytocin
  • Cesarean section under spinal anesthetic
  • patients <30 years of age with a normal pre-pregnancy BMI (20 and 24.9 kg/m2)
  • patients ≥40 years of age with a normal pre-pregnancy BMI
  • patients with a BMI≥40 kg/m2 and age <30 years

Exclusion Criteria

  • patients who refuse to give written informed consent
  • patients who require general anesthesia
  • patients who have had more than one previous uterine surgery/CS
  • patients with placental abnormalities (abruption, accreta, percreta)
  • patients with bleeding disorders
  • presence of any other risk factors for PPH

Gender Eligibility: Female

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Mrinalini Balki, MD, Principal Investigator, MOUNT SINAI HOSPITAL

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