Squalamine for the Treatment in Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy


The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy in the use of topical Squalamine Lactate Ophthalmic Solution, 0.2% in the treatment of retinal neovascularization resulting from proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Full Title of Study: “Topical Squalamine in the Treatment of Retinal Neovascularization From Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: August 2014


  • Drug: Squalamine Lactate ophthalmic solution 0.2%
    • Patients will start with Squalamine one drop twice daily to the affected eye. If at one week the neovascularization shows no sign of regression, then the dose will be doubled to four times daily with a follow up at one day and one week following the increased dose frequency, then resuming the schedule at four weeks. If neovascularization returns within the study, the dose will be doubled to four times daily. In that case, a one day and one week visit will be added after increasing the dose. Squalamine treatment will discontinue after the week 20 visit.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Squalamine
    • Study eyes will be assigned to receive Squalamine. The dose will be one drop twice daily. If neovascularization fails to regress at week one or if neovascularization returns within the study, the dose will be increased to four times daily. In that case, a one day and one week visit will be added after increasing the dose. Patients will continue administering study drug until week 20.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Proportion with complete regression of neovascularization on fundus photography at one month
    • Time Frame: 1 Month

Secondary Measures

  • Mean Change in Visual Acuity from Baseline to 5 Months
    • Time Frame: 5 months

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age >= 18 years
  • Individuals <18 years old are not being included because PDR is so rare in this age group that the diagnosis of PDR may be questionable.
  • Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2)
  • Any one of the following will be considered to be sufficient evidence that diabetes is present:
  • Current regular use of insulin for the treatment of diabetes
  • Current regular use of oral anti-hyperglycemia agents for the treatment of diabetes
  • Documented diabetes by ADA and/or WHO criteria (see Procedures Manual for definitions)
  • At least one eye meets the study eye criteria
  • Able and willing provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Significant renal disease, defined as a history of chronic renal failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplant.
  • A condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in the study (e.g., unstable medical status including blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and glycemic control).
  • Individuals in poor glycemic control who, within the last 4 months, initiated intensive insulin treatment (a pump or multiple daily injections) or plan to do so in the next 4 months should not be enrolled.
  • Participation in an investigational trial within 30 days of randomization that involved treatment with any drug that has not received regulatory approval for the indication being studied.
  • Note: study participants cannot receive another investigational drug while participating in the study.
  • Known allergy to any component of the study drug.
  • Blood pressure > 180/110 (systolic above 180 or diastolic above 110).
  • If blood pressure is brought below 180/110 by anti-hypertensive treatment, individual can become eligible.
  • Myocardial infarction, other acute cardiac event requiring hospitalization, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or treatment for acute congestive heart failure within 4 months prior to randomization.
  • Systemic anti-VEGF or pro-VEGF treatment within 4 months prior to randomization.
  • These drugs should not be used during the study.
  • For women of child-bearing potential: pregnant or lactating or intending to become pregnant within the next 3 years.
  • Women who are potential study participants should be questioned about the potential for pregnancy. Investigator judgment is used to determine when a pregnancy test is needed.
  • Individual is expecting to move out of the area of the clinical center during the study.
  • History of allergy to Squalamine

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Elman Retina Group
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.