A Prospective, Randomized Trial of Histoacryl Injection Versus Thrombin in the Control of Acute Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Overview

Though histoacryl injection is now regarded as treatment of choice in the control of gastric variceal hemorrhage, it may be associated with a lot of complications such as ulcers, ulcer bleeding, bacterial infections, distant site thrombosis and cerebral vascular accident. On the other hand, thrombin has been shown to be effective in acute hemostasis of bleeding gastric varices, ranging from 70% to 100% has been recorded. The rebleeding rates were between 7% and 50%. Moreover, the benefits of thrombin injection include safety, without inducing ulcers or ulcer bleeding. No incidence of distant thrombosis has ever been reported.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 2016

Detailed Description

Previous studies have proven that the use of cyanoacrylate glue injection was superior to EIS or EVL in arresting acute gastric variceal bleeding. Endoscopic obturation with glue injection has gained worldwide popularity except the United States. The hemostatic rates of glue injection ranged from 87% to 100%, with rebleeding rates about 7% to 71%.

Though histoacryl injection is now regarded as treatment of choice in the control of gastric variceal hemorrhage, it may be associated with a lot of complications such as ulcers, ulcer bleeding, bacterial infections, distant site thrombosis and cerebral vascular accident. On the other hand, thrombin has been shown to be effective in acute hemostasis of bleeding gastric varices, ranging from 70% to 100% has been recorded. The rebleeding rates were between 7% and 50%. Moreover, the benefits of thrombin injection include safety, without inducing ulcers or ulcer bleeding. No incidence of distant thrombosis has ever been reported. The mechanism of hemostasis induced by thrombin is through the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin and enhancement of platelets aggregation. This trial aimed to compare the relative efficacy and safety between histoacryl injection and thrombin injection in the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding.

Interventions

  • Drug: Thrombin
    • Among the thrombin group, the injection site was also aimed at the bleeding varices or varices with red color signs or at the most prominent varices. The injected agents consisted of lyophilized human Thrombin in calcium chloride solution containing thrombin 500IU/ml). (Floseal, Baxter Healthcare Corporation, CA, Hayward, USA)
  • Drug: Histoacryl
    • The injection site was aimed at the bleeding varices or varices with red color signs or at the most prominent varices.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Histoacryl group
    • the injected agents consisted of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl; B.Braun, Melsungen AG, Germany) 0.5ml mixed with 1.5 ml Lipiodol ultra-fluide (Guerbet, Bois Cedex, France). The injection site was aimed at the bleeding varices or varices with red color signs or at the most prominent varices.
  • Experimental: thrombin group
    • Among the thrombin group, the injection site was also aimed at the bleeding varices or varices with red color signs or at the most prominent varices. The injected agents consisted of lyophilized human Thrombin in calcium chloride solution containing thrombin 500IU/ml). (Floseal, Baxter Healthcare Corporation, CA, Hayward, USA)

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Ulcer on gastric varices
    • Time Frame: 1 month after therapy
    • ulcer crater or ulcer with bleeding from gastric varices

Secondary Measures

  • rebleeding
    • Time Frame: 6 weeks
    • rebleeding from gastric varices

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • 1.The etiology of portal hypertension is cirrhosis. 2.Age ranges between 20-80 y/o. 3.Patients presenting with history of gastric variceal bleeding or acute gastric variceal bleeding proven by emergency endoscopy

Exclusion Criteria

  • 1) association with severe systemic illness, such as sepsis, CVA, COPD, advanced carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (Barcelona Club Liver Cancer class C or D) 2) presence of massive ascites 3), serum creatinine >3mg/dl, hepatic encephalopathy > stage II, 4) serum bilirubin > 10mg/dl 5) life expectancy less than 24 hours 6) Child-Pugh's scores > 13 7) pregnancy 8) has ulcers on gastric varices 9) Uncooperative

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 20 Years

Maximum Age: 80 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • National Science Council, Taiwan
  • Collaborator
    • E-DA Hospital
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Gin-Ho Lo, Vice Superintendent, E-DA Hospital – E-DA Hospital

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.